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  • Cited by 5
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Beienburg, Sean and Frymer, Paul 2016. The People Against Themselves: Rethinking Popular Constitutionalism. Law & Social Inquiry, Vol. 41, Issue. 1, p. 242.

    Bailey, Jeremy D. 2012. A Companion to Thomas Jefferson.

    Baker, H. Robert 2012. The Fugitive Slave Clause and the Antebellum Constitution. Law and History Review, Vol. 30, Issue. 04, p. 1133.

    2012. A Companion to Thomas Jefferson.

    Potter, Philip B. K. and Baum, Matthew A. 2010. Democratic Peace, Domestic Audience Costs, and Political Communication. Political Communication, Vol. 27, Issue. 4, p. 453.


Madison v. Hamilton: The Battle Over Republicanism and the Role of Public Opinion

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 August 2004

This article examines the causes of the dispute between James Madison and Alexander Hamilton in the early 1790s. Though Hamilton initially believed that Madison's opposition to the Federalist administration was probably motivated by personal animosity and political advantage, in later years he concluded what Madison had long argued: the controversy between Republicans and Federalists stemmed from a difference of principle. For Madison, republicanism meant the recognition of the sovereignty of public opinion and the commitment to participatory politics. Hamilton advocated a more submissive role for the citizenry and a more independent status for the political elite. While Madison did not deny to political leaders and enlightened men a critical place in the formation of public opinion, he fought against Hamilton's thin version of public opinion as “confidence” in government. In 1791–92 Madison took the Republican lead in providing a philosophic defense for a tangible, active, and responsible role for the citizens of republican government.

Corresponding author
Mary and Kennedy Smith Fellow, James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, and Associate Professor of Political Science, Villanova University, Villanova, PA 19085.
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American Political Science Review
  • ISSN: 0003-0554
  • EISSN: 1537-5943
  • URL: /core/journals/american-political-science-review
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