Alvarez R. Michael, Hall Thad E., and Hyde Susan D.. 2008. Election Fraud: Detecting and Deterring Electoral Manipulation. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
Alvarez R. Michael, and Katz Jonathan N.. 2008. “The Case of the 2002 General Election.” In Election Fraud: Detecting and Deterring Electoral Manipulation, eds. Michael Alvarez R., Hall Thad E., and Hyde Susan D.. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 149–61.
Birch Sarah. 2007. “Electoral Systems and Election Misconduct.” Comparative Political Studies 40 (12): 1533–56.
Campbell Angus, Converse Philip E., Miller Warren E., and Stokes Donald E.. 1960. The American Voter. New York: Wiley.
Campbell Tracy. 2005. Deliver the Vote: A History of Election Fraud, an American Political Tradition–1742–2004. New York: Carroll and Graf.
Chang Eric, and Golden Miriam. 2006. “Electoral Systems, District Magnitude and Corruption.” British Journal of Political Science 37 (1): 115–37.
Christensen Ray, and Colvin Kyle. 2009. “Stealing Elections: A Comparison of Election-night Corruption in Japan, Canada, and the United States.” In Political Change in Japan: Electoral Behavior, Party Realignment, and the Koizumi Reforms, eds. Reed Steven R., Mori McElwain Kenneth, and Shimizu Kay. Stanford, CA: Shorenstein Asia–Pacific Research Center, 199–218.
Converse Philip E. 1972. “Change in American Electorate.” In The Human Meaning of Social Change, eds. Campbell Angus and Converse Philip E.. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 263–337.
Cox Gray W., and Morgan Kousser J.. 1981. “Turnout and Rural Corruption: New York as a Test Case.” American Journal of Political Science 25 (4): 646–63.
Dai 4 Ji Senkyo Seido Shingikai. 1966. Senkyo no Tetsuzuki ni Kansuru Shôiinkai Iinchô Chûkan Hôkoku Yôshi [Chairman's Interim Report Outline of Subcommittee on Electoral Procedures]. February 15.
Dubin Michael J. 2007. Party Affiliations in the State Legislatures: A Year by Year Summary, 1976–2006. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
Dunning Thad. 2008. “Improving Causal Inference: Strengths and Limitations of Natural Experiments.” Political Research Quarterly 61 (2): 282–93.
Fisher J. A. 1999. “The Probability of Being Decisive.” Public Choice 101: 267–83.
Fukumoto Kentaro, and Horiuchi Yusaku. 2009. “Mobilization and Participation: A Natural Experiment.” Presented at the Annual Summer Meeting of the Society for Political Methodology, New Haven, CT.
Fukumoto Kentaro, Horiuchi Yusaku, and Tanaka Shoichiro. 2011. “Treated Politicians, Treated Voters: A Natural Experiment to Estimate Electoral Effects on Fiscal Expenditure.” Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.
Fukumoto Kentaro, and Ueki Futoshi. 2011. “Shichôson Senkyo ga Tôitsu Chihô Senkyo kara Itsudatsu Shita Jiki to Riyû.” [“When and Why Did Municipalities Drop from the Simultaneous Local Elections?”] Gakushuin University. Unpublished Manuscript.
Horiuchi Yusaku. 2005. Institutions, Incentives and Electoral Participation in Japan: Cross-level and Cross-national Perspectives. London: Routledge Curzon.
Horiuchi Yusaku. 2009. “Understanding Japanese Politics from a Local Perspective.” International Political Science Review 30 (5): 565–73.
Hutcheson John A., Jr. 1997. “Elections and the Franchise.” In Britain in the Hanoverian Age, 1714–1837: An Encyclopedia, eds. Newman Gerald and Ellen Brown Leslie. New York: Garland Publishing, 222–24.
Hyde Susan D. 2007. “The Observer Effect in International Politics: Evidence from a Natural Experiment.” World Politics 60 (1): 37–63.
Hyde Susan D. 2008. “How International Election Observers Detect and Deter Fraud.” In Election Fraud: Detective and Deterring Electoral Manipulation, eds. Alvarez R. Michael, Hall Thad E., and Hyde Susan D.. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 201–15.
Keisatsuchô . 2003. Hanzai Tôkeisho [Criminal Statistics].
Lehoucq Fabrice. 2003. “Electoral Fraud: Causes, Types and Consequences.” Annual Review of Political Science 6: 233–56.
Lehoucq Fabrice E., and Molina Ivan. 2002. Stuffing the Ballot Box: Fraud, Electoral Reform, and Democratization in Costa Rica. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
MacManus Susan. 1999. “The Resurgent City Councils.” In American State and Local Politics: Directions for the 21st Century, eds. Weber Ronald E. and Brace Paul. New York: Seven Bridges, 166–93.
Mayhew David R. 1974. Congress: The Electoral Connection. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Mebane Walter R. 2008. “Election Forensics: The Second-digit Benford's Law Test and Recent American Presidential Elections.” In Election Fraud: Detecting and Deterring Electoral Manipulation, eds. Alvarez R. Michael, Hall Thad E., and Hyde Susan D.. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 162–81.
Minnite Lorraine C. 2010. The Myth of Voter Fraud. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Moore John L., Preimesberger Jon P., and Tarr David R., eds. 2001. Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly.
Myagkov Mikhail, Ordeshook Peter C., and Shakin Dimitri. 2009. The Forensics of Election Fraud: Russia and Ukraine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nyblade Benjamin, and Reed Steven R.. 2008. “Who Cheats? Who Loots? Political Competition and Corruption in Japan, 1947–1993.” American Journal of Political Science 52 (4): 926–41.
Persson Torsten, Tabellini Guido, and Trebbi Francesco. 2003. “Electoral Rules and Corruption.” Journal of the European Economic Association 1 (4): 958–89.
Piven Frances Fox, and Cloward Richard A.. 2000. Why Americans Still Don't Vote: And Why Politicians Want It That Way. Rev. and updated ed. Boston: Beacon.
Riker William H., and Ordeshook Peter C.. 1968. “A Theory of the Calculus of Voting.” American Political Science Review 62 (1): 25–42.
Rosenstone Steven J., and Mark Hansen John. 1993. Mobilization, Participation, and Democracy in America. New York: Macmillan.
Sadiq Kamal. 2005. “When States Prefer Non-citizens over Citizens: Conflict over Illegal Immigration into Malaysia.”International Studies Quarterly 49 (1): 101–22.
Senate, Parliament of the Czech Republic. 2011. “How Are Senators Elected?” http://www.senat.cz/volby/ (accessed February 18, 2011).
Shepsle Kenneth A., Van Houweling Robert P., Abrams Samuel J., and Hanson Peter C.. 2009. “The Senate Electoral Cycle and Bicameral Appropriations Politics.” American Journal of Political Science 53 (2): 343–59.
Sômushô Jichigyôsei Kyoku Senkyo Bu. 2003. Chihô Senkyo Kekka Shirabe [Survey of the Local Election Results].
Wand Jonathan N., Shotts Kenneth W., Sekhon Jasjeet S., Mebane Walter R. Jr., Herron Michel C., and Brady Henry E.. 2001. “The Butterfly Did It: The Aberrant Vote for Buchanan in Palm Beach County, Florida.” American Political Science Review 95 (4): 793–810.
Wolfinger Raymond E., and Rosenstone Steven J.. 1980. Who Votes? New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.