Adam, Barry D. 1995. The Rise of a Gay and Lesbian Movement. Independence, KY: Twayne Publishers.
Adam, Barry D. 2003. “The Defense of Marriage Act and American Exceptionalism: The ‘Gay Marriage’ Panic in the United States.” Journal of the History of Sexuality
Adam, Barry, Duyvendak, Jan, and Krouwel, Andre. 1999. The Global Emergence of Gay and Lesbian Politics: National Imprints of a World Wide Movement. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Babst, Gordon Albert. 2002. Liberal Constitutionalism, Marriage, and Sexual Orientation: A Contemporary Case for Disestablishment. New York: Peter Lang.
Bailey, Robert C.
1998. Gay Politics, Urban Politics. New York: Columbia University Press.
Baldez, Lisa. 2003. “Women's Movements and Democratic Transition in Brazil, Chile, East Germany and Poland.” Comparative Politics
Blasius, Mark. 1994. Gay and Lesbian Politics: Sexuality and the Emergence of a New Ethic. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Blasius, Mark. 1997. We Are Everywhere: A Historical Sourcebook of Gay and Lesbian Politics. London: Routledge.
Bratton, Kathleen A. 2005. “Critical Mass Theory Revisited: The Behavior and Success of Token Women in State Legislatures.” Politics and Gender
Bratton, Kathleen A., and Ray, Leonard P.. 2002. “Descriptive Representation, Policy Outcomes, and Municipal Day-Care Coverage in Norway.” American Journal of Political Science
Bratton, Kathleen A. and Haynie, Kerry L.
1999. “Agenda Setting and Legislative Success in State Legislatures: The Effects of Gender and Race.” Journal of Politics
Brewer, Paul R.
2003. “The Shifting Foundations of Public Opinion about Gay Rights.” Journal of Politics
Camp, Bayliss, J.
2008. “Mobilizing the Base and Embarrassing the Opposition; Defense of Marriage Referenda and Cross-Cutting Electoral Cleavages.” Sociological Perspectives
Campbell, David, and Monson, J. Quinn. 2008. “The Religion Card: Gay Marriage and the 2004 Presidential Election.” Public Opinion Quarterly
Campbell, David, and Wolbrecht, Christina. 2006. “See Jane Run: Women Politicians as Role Models for Adolescents.” Journal of Politics
Chasin, Alexandra. 2001. Selling Out: The Gay and Lesbian Movement Goes to Market. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Considine, Austin. 2011. “For Catholics, Open Attitudes on Gay Issues,” New York Times, April 22.
Cook, Timothy E.
1999. “The Empirical Study of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Politics: Assessing the First Wave of Research.” American Political Science Review
Cooper, Helene, and Peters, Jeremy W., 2012. “For Some, Same-Sex Marriage Is Not Politics, It's Personal.” New York Times, May 15.
Croucher, Sheila. 2002. “South Africa's Democratisation and the Politics of Gay Liberation.” Journal of Southern African Studies
Crowley, Jocelyn Elise. 2004. “When Tokens Matter.” Legislative Studies Quarterly.
Dececco, John, and Yeager, Kenneth S.. 1999. Trailblazers: Profiles of America's Gay and Lesbian Elected Officials. New York: Routledge.
D'Emilio, John. 2006. “The Marriage Fight Is Setting Us Back.” Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide, Nov-Dec., 10–11.
Driberg, Tom. 1978. Ruling Passions. New York: Stein and Day.
Egan, Patrick J., and Sherrill, Kenneth. 2005a. “Marriage and the Shifting Priorities of a New Generation of Lesbians and Gays.” PS: Political Science and Politics
Eisinger, Peker K.
Black Employment in City Government, 1973–1980. Washington D.C.
Joint Center for Political Studies.
Endean, Steve. 2006. Bringing Lesbian and Gay Rights into the Mainstream: Twenty Years of Progress. New York: Harrington Park.
Engel, Stephen M. 2001. The Unfinished Revolution: Social Movement Theory and the Lesbian Movement. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Fish, Eric. 2005. “The Road to Recognition: A Global Perspective on Gay Marriage.” Harvard International Review
Fowler, James H. 2006. “Legislative Cosponsorship Networks in the U.S. House and Senate.” Social Networks
Frank, David John, and McEneaney, Elizabeth H.. 1999. “The Individualization of Society and the Liberalization of State Policies on Same-Sex Sexual Relations.” Social Forces
Frymer, Paul. 1999. Uneasy Alliances. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Gibson, James L.
1987. “Homosexuals and the Ku Klux Klan: A Contextual Analysis of Political Tolerance.” Western Political Quarterly
Golebiowska, Ewa. 2002. “Political Implications of Group Stereotypes: Campaign Experiences of Openly Gay Political Candidates.” Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Greenhill, Brian. 2010. “The Company You Keep: International Socialization and the Diffusion of Human Rights Norms.” International Studies Quarterly
Grey, Sandra. 2002. “Does Size Matter? Critical Mass and New Zealand's Women MPs.” Parliamentary Affairs
Haider-Markel, Donald P.
2007. “Representation and Backlash: The Positive and Negative Influence of Descriptive Representation.” Legislative Studies Quarterly
Haider-Markel, Donald P.
2010. Out and Running: Gay and Lesbian Candidates, Elections and Policy Representation. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Haider-Markel, Donald P., Joslyn, Mark R., and Kniss, Chad J.. 2000. “Minority Group Interests and Political Representation: Gay Elected Officials in the Policy Process.” Journal of Politics
Haider-Markel, Donald P., and Meier, Kenneth J.. 1996. “The Politics of Gay and Lesbian Rights: Expanding the Scope of the Conflict.” Journal of Politics
Haider-Markel, Donald P., and Meier, Kenneth J.. 2003. “Legislative Victory, Electoral Uncertainty: Explaining Outcomes in the Battles over Lesbian and Gay Civil Rights.” Review of Policy Research
Hartzell, Caroline, and Hoddie, Matthew. 2003. “Institutionalizing Peace: Power Sharing and Post-Civil War Conflict Management,” American Journal of Political Science
Hendriks, A., Tielman, R., and van der Veen, E., eds. 1993. The Third Pink Book: A Global View of Lesbian and Gay Liberation and Oppression. New York: Prometheus Books.
Hirsch, Harry N., ed. 2005. The Future of Gay Rights in America. New York: Routledge.
Htun, Mala. 2004. “Is Gender like Ethnicity? The Political Representation of Identity Groups.” Perspectives on Politics
Hunter Gault, Charlayne. 2012. “Violated Hopes: A Nation Confronts a Wave of Sexual Violence.” The New Yorker, May 28.
Keck, Thomas M.
2009. “Beyond Backlash: Assessing the Impact of Judicial Decisions on LGBT Rights.” Law & Society Review
Keck, Margaret, and Sikkink, Kathryn. 1999. “Transnational Advocacy Networks in International and Regional Politics.” International Social Science Journal
Kirsch, Max H.
2001. Queer Theory and Social Change (Opening Out).
Kollman, Ken. 1998. Outside Lobbying. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Kollman, Kelly. 2007. “Same Sex Unions: The Globalization of an Idea.” International Studies Quarterly
Krook, Mona Lena. 2009. Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lax, Jeffrey R., and Phillips, Justin H.. 2009. “Gay Rights in the States: Public Opinion and Policy Responsiveness.” American Political Science Review
Lewis, Gregory B.
2003. “Black-White Differences in Attitudes toward Homosexuality and Gay Rights.” Public Opinion Quarterly
Lewis, Gregory B.
2011. “The Friends and Family Plan: Contact with Gays and Support for Gay Rights.” Policy Studies Journal
Lewis, Gregory B., and Gossett, Charles W.. 2008. “Changing Public Opinion on Same-Sex Marriage: The Case of California.” Politics & Policy
Lewis, Gregory B., and Pitts, David W.. 2011. “Representation of Lesbians and Gay Men in Federal, State and Local Bureaucracies.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory
Marcus, Eric. 2002. Making Gay History: The Half Century Fight for Lesbian and Gay Equal Rights. New York: Harper.
Matthews, Donald R., and Stimson, James A.. 1975. Yeas and Nays: Normal Decision-Making in the U.S. House of Representatives. New York: Wiley.
Mayhew, David R. 1974. Congress: The Electoral Connection. New Haven. Yale University Press.
Mayhew, David R. 2005. Divided We Govern: Party Control, Lawmaking, and Investigations, 1946–2002. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
McThomas, Mary, and Buchanan, Robert J.. 2012. “President Obama and Gay Rights: The 2008 and 2012 Presidential Elections.” PS: Political Science and Politics
Mucciaroni, Gary. 2008. Same Sex, Different Politics: Success and Failure in the Struggles over Gay Rights. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Norris, Pippa. 2008. Driving Democracy: Do Power-Sharing Institutions Work?
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Olson, Laura R., Cadge, Wendy, and Harrison, James T.. 2006. “Religion and Public Opinion about Same-Sex Marriage.” Social Science Quarterly
Phillips, Anne. 1993. Democracy and Difference. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Pitkin, Hanna. 1967. The Concept of Representation. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Pokharel, Tilak. 2008. “In Conservative Nepal, a Tribune for the ‘Third Gender’ Speaks Out.” New York Times, September 20.
Preuhs, Robert R. 2007. “Descriptive Representation as a Mechanism to Mitigate Policy Backlash: Latino Incorporation and Welfare Policy in the American States.” Political Research Quarterly
Rayside, David. 1998. On the Fringe: Gays & Lesbians in Politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Reingold, Beth. 2008. “Women as Officeholders: Linking Descriptive and Substantive Representation.” In Political Women and American Democracy, eds. Wolbrecht, Christina, Beckwith, Karen, and Baldez, Lisa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 128–47.
Reynolds, Andrew. 1999. “Women in the Legislatures and Executives of the World: Knocking at the Highest Glass Ceiling.” World Politics
Reynolds, Andrew. 2006. Electoral Systems and the Protection and Participation of Minorities. London: Minority Rights Group International.
Reynolds, Andrew. 2011. Designing Democracy in a Dangerous World.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Reynolds, Andrew, Reilly, Ben, and Ellis, Andrew. 2007. The New International IDEA Handbook of Election System Design. Stockholm: International IDEA.
Riggle, Ellen D. B., and Tadlock, Berry L., eds. 1999. Gays and Lesbians in the Democratic Process. New York: Columbia University Press.
Rimmerman, Craig A., Wald, Kenneth, and Wilcox, Clyde, eds. 2000. The Politics of Gay Rights. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Saint-Germain, Michelle. 1989. “Does Their Difference Make a Difference? The Impact of Women on Public Policy in the Arizona Legislature.” Social Science Quarterly
Saltzstein, Grace Hall. 1986. “Female Mayors and Women in Municipal Jobs,” American Journal of Political Science
Saltzstein, Grace Hall
1989. “Black Mayors and Police Policies,” Journal of Politics
Schwindt-Bayer, Leslie A., and Mishler, William. 2005. “An Integrated Model of Women's Representation.” Journal of Politics
Shilts, Randy. 1982. The Mayor of Castro Street: The Life and Times of Harvey Milk. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Slaughter, Anne-Marie. 2004. A New World Order. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Smith, Charles Anthony. 2007. “The Electoral Capture of Gay and Lesbian Americans: Evidence and Implications from the 2004 Election.” Studies in Law, Politics, and Society
Smith, Daniel A., DeSantis, Matthew, and Kassel, Jason. 2006. “Same-Sex Ballot Measures and the 2004 Presidential Election.” State and Local Government Review
Smith, Miriam. 1998. “Social Movements and Equality Seeking: The Case of Gay Liberation in Canada.” Canadian Journal of Political Science
Smith, Miriam. 2008. Political Institutions and Lesbian and Gay Rights in the United States and Canada. London; Routledge.
Smith, Raymond A., and Haider-Markel, Donald. 2002. Gay and Lesbian Americans and Political Participation. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
Stychin, Carl F. 1996. “Constituting Sexuality: The Struggle for Sexual Orientation in the South African Bill of Rights.” Journal of Law and Society
United Nations Commissioner for Human Rights. 2011. Discriminatory Laws and Practices and Acts of Violence against Individuals Based on their Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity. New York: UN General Assembly.
Vaid, Urvashi. 1996. Virtual Equality: The Mainstreaming of Gay and Lesbian Liberation. New York: Anchor.
Victor, Jennifer Nicoll, and Ringe, Nils. 2009. “The Social Utility of Informal Institutions.” American Politics Research
Wald, Kenneth D., Button, James W., and Rienzo, Barbara A.
1996. “The Politics of Gay Rights in American Communities: Explaining Anti-Discrimination Ordinances and Policies,” American Journal of Political Science
Wilson, Angela R., ed. 1995. A Simple Matter of Justice?
New York: Cassell.
Wheen, Francis. 1990. Tom Driberg: His Life and Indiscretions. London: Chatto and Windus.
Wolbrecht, Christina, Beckwith, Karen, and Baldez, Lisa, eds. 2008. Political Women and American Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wolbrecht, Christina, and Campbell, David. 2007. “Leading Example: Female Members of Parliament as Political Role Models.” American Journal of Political Science
Young, Iris Marion. 1990. Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Zackin, Emily. 2008. “Popular Constitutionalism's Hard When You're Not Very Popular: Why the ACLU Turned to the Courts.” Law & Society Review