Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The Consequences of Negotiated Settlements in Civil Wars, 1945–1993

  • Roy Licklider (a1)
Abstract

We know very little about how civil wars end. Harrison Wagner has argued that negotiated settlements of civil wars are likely to break down because segments of power-sharing governments retain the capacity for resorting to civil war while victory destroys the losers' organization, making it very difficult to resume the war. An analysis of a data set of 91 post-1945 civil wars generally supports this hypothesis but only in wars over identity issues. Moreover, while military victories may be less likely to break down than negotiated settlements of identity civil wars, they are also more likely to be followed by acts of genocide. Outsiders concerned with minimizing violence thus face a dilemma.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Bell J. Bowyer. 1972. “Societal Patterns and Lessons: The Irish Case.” In Civil Wars in the Twentieth Century, ed. Higham Robin. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.
Blainey Geoffrey. 1988. The Causes of War. New York: Free Press.
Bregan Patrick. 1990. The Fighting Never Stopped: A Comprehensive Guide to World Conflict since 1945. New York: Random House.
Burton John W. 1987. Resolving Deep-rooted Conflict: A Handbook. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
Gurr Ted Robert. 1990. “Ethnic Warfare and the Changing Priorities of Global Security.Mediterranean Quarterly 1:8298.
Harff Barbara. 1992. “Recognizing Genocides and Politicides.” In Genocide Watch, ed. Fein Helen. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Iklé Fred C. 1971. Every War Must End. New York: Columbia University Press.
Licklider Roy. 1988. “Civil Violence and Conflict Resolution: A Framework for Analysis.” Presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, St. Louis.
Licklider Roy. 1992. “State Formation after Civil War: Making Peace Pay.” Presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Atlanta.
Licklider Roy. 1993. Stopping the Killing: How Civil Wars End. New York: New York University Press.
Licklider Roy. 1995. “Explaining Defeat and Justifying Cooperation After Civil Wars.” Presented at the Proseminar on Political Mobilization and Conflict, New School for Social Research, New York, and the Center for Historical Analysis, Rutgers University, New Brunswick.
Maoz Zeev. 1984. “Peace by Empire: Conflict Outcomes and International Stability, 1816–1976.Journal of Peace Research 21:227–41.
Miall Hugh. 1992. The Peacemakers: Peaceful Settlement of Disputes since 1945. New York: St. Martin's.
Modelski George. 1964. “International Settlement of Internal Wars.” In International Aspects of Civil Strife, ed. Rosenau James N.. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Pillar Paul R. 1983. Negotiating Peace: War Termination as a Bargaining Process. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Schelling Thomas C. 1966. Arms and Influence. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Sivard Ruth Leger. 1992. World Military and Social Expenditures 1991. 14th ed.Washington: World Priorities.
Sivard Ruth Leger. 1993. World Military and Social Expenditures 1993. 15th ed.Washington: World Priorities.
Small Melvin, and David Singer J.. 1982. Resort to Arms: International and Civil Wars, 1816–1980. 2d ed.Beverly Hills: Sage.
Smith Anthony D. 1986. “Conflict and Collective Identity: Class, Ethnie, and Nation.” In International Confita Resolution, ed. Azar Edward D. and Burton John W.. Boulder: Rienner.
Smith Martin. 1991. Burma: Insurgency and the Politics of Ethnicity. London: Zed Books.
Spencer Claire. 1994. “Algeria in Crisis.Survival 36:149–63.
Stedman Stephen John. 1991. Peacemaking in Civil War: International Mediation in Zimbabwe, 1974–1980. Boulder: Rienner.
Sullivan Michael J. 1994. “Ethnicity and War in the Post–Cold War Era.” Presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Washington.
Tilly Charles. 1978. From Mobilization to Revolution. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Wagner Robert Harrison. 1993. “The Causes of Peace.” In Stopping The Killing, ed. Licklider Roy. New York: New York University Press.
Wedge Bryant. 1986. “Psychology of the Self in Social Conflict.” In International Conflict Resolution, ed. Azar Edward D. and Burton John W.. Boulder: Rienner.
Zartman I. William. 1993. “The Unfinished Agenda: Negotiating Internal Conflicts.” In Stopping the Killing, ed. Licklider Roy. New York: New York University Press.
Zartman I. William. 1995. Elusive Peace: Negotiating an End to Civil Wars 1995–1996. Washington: Brookings Institution.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

American Political Science Review
  • ISSN: 0003-0554
  • EISSN: 1537-5943
  • URL: /core/journals/american-political-science-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 45 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 1448 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th February 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.