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French Colonization in Cuba, 1791-1809

  • William R. Lux (a1)
Abstract

Perhaps no event affected the lives of so many people and the history of so many nations as the French Revolution and subsequent roles played by Napoleon Bonapart. There was the Louisiana Purchase and the preliminaries to the War of 1812 in North America. In the Caribbean the Haitian independence movement which was precipitated by events in France set off a chain of events of farreaching consequence. For Spanish America the Napoleonic invasion and occupation of Spain had a catalytic affect for the independence-minded patriots who declared themselves independent “in the name of Spanish Prince Ferdinand.” The invasion of Portugal and the flight of the Court to Brazil set that country reeling on its course toward nationhood. This study begins with the earliest actions in the French colony of Saint Dominigue after the outbreak of the French Revolution.

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1 Johnson Willis F., The History of Cuba, (New York, 1920), Vol. 2, p. 279.

2 Ibid.

3 Ibid., p. 280.

4 Friedlaender Heinrich E., Historia económica de Cuba, (La Habana, 1944), p. 60.

5 Valverde Antonio L. y Maruri , Discursos leídos en la recepción pública del doctor Antonio L. Valverde y Maruri en la noche de 28 de junio de 1923, (La Habana, 1923), p. 38.

6 de la Sagra Ramón, Historia económico-política y estadística de la isla de Cuba, (La Habana, 1831), p. 9.

7 Leiseca Juan M., Historia de Cuba, (La Habana, 1925), pp. 147, 148.

8 de la Riva Francisco Pérez, El Café: Historia de su cultivo y explotación en Cuba, (La Habana, 1944), p. 24.

9 By 1801, General Aristizábal stated that he had admitted more than six hundred families at Havana that had been formerly known for their great wealth. Callejas José María, Historia de Santiago de Cuba, (La Habana, 1911), p. 65.

10 Sagra, loc. cit.

11 Leiseca, loc. cit.; as it has been previously inferred, the exactness of the 1791 census has been questioned by several authorities.

12 Callejas, loc. cit. In the year 1803 alone, twenty-seven thousand French had sought refuge in Cuba.

13 Pérez de la Riva, op. cit., p. 110.

14 Quintero José Jauricio y Almeyda , Apuntes para la historía de la isla de Cuba con relación a la ciudad de Matanzas desde el año de 1693 hasta el de 1877. (Matanzas, 1878), p. 165.

15 Aimes Hubert H.S., A History of Slavery in Cuba, 1511 to 1868, (New York and London, 1907), p. 57.

16 Pérez de la Riva, op. cit., p. 25.

17 de Riverend Brusone Julio J. et al., Historia de la nación Cubana, (La Habana, 1952), Vol. 3, p. 187.

18 de la Pezuela Jacobo y Lobo , Diccionario geográfico, estadístico, histórico de la isla de Cuba, (Madrid, 1863), Vol. 1, p. 57.

19 Humboldt Alexander, The Island of Cuba, (New York, 1856), p. 256.

20 Ponte-Dominguez Francisco J., La huella francesa en la historia política de Cuba, (La Habana, 1948), p. 51.

21 Ibid.

22 Callejas, op. cit., p. 70.

23 Gayarré Charles, History of Louisiana, (New Orleans, 1885), Vol. 4, p. 212.

24 Vilá Herminio Portell, Historia de Cuba, (La Habana, 1938), p. 151.

25 Johnson, op. cit., pp. 304, 305.

26 Cable George W., The Creoles of Louisiana, (New York, 1889), p. 156.

27 Johnson, op. cit., p. 304.

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The Americas
  • ISSN: 0003-1615
  • EISSN: 1533-6247
  • URL: /core/journals/americas
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