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JAPANESE NATIVE LIVESTOCK BREEDS

  • Taro Obata (a1) (a2), Hisato Takeda (a1) and Takao Oishi (a1)
Summary

This paper discusses the conservation of native livestock breeds in Japan. These include native Japanese horses, cattle and goats, and domestic Japanese fowls. To best conserve the genes of these genetic resources it is necessary to keep them in the form of (a) live animals and (b) cryogenic storage of sperms, oocytes, embryos, cells, chromosomes and genes. Even that Japanese native livestock are also important as living'museums', it is further desirable to conserve them as live animals. However, there are many problems with conserving all of these breeds in a live form because of their low economic value in the market. For this reasons, it is necessary to combine this with the raising of animals for other purposes such as sale of products, tourist attractions in national parks, zoos and sightseeing farms, educational tools in agricultural schools and experimental animals.

Cet article présente le programme pour la conservation des races de bétail locales au Japon. Ceci concerne les races locales de chevaux, de vaches de chèvres et de volaille. Pour conserver les gènes de ces ressources génétiques il est nécéssaire de les maintenir en l'étatd de (a) animaux vivants et (b) stock congelé s de semence, ovocytes, embryons, cellules, chromosomes et gènes. Vu leur importance comme musées vivants, il est nécéssaire de les conserver sous forme d'animaux vivants. Toutefois ceci est difficile du fait de leur faible valeur économique. Pour cette raison il est nécéssaire d'associer l'élevage de ces animaux avec d'autres activités telles que la vente de produits, les attractions touristiques dans les parcs nationaux, les zoos ou les fermes réserves, les outils éducatifs dans les écoles et les fermes expérimentales.

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References
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Japanese Meat Conference: Domesticated animals of the world. JMC, Tokyo, 117167, 1987, [In Japanese).
Catalogue of the native poultry of southeast Asia. FFTC Book Series, No.43, 1991, [In Japanese].
Obata, T., et al.: Preservation of animal genetic resources in Japan. Japan Agriculture Research Quarterly, 26, 16, 1992.
Obata, T.: Animal genetic resources in Japan. Proceedings of Japan-Russia workshop on genetic resources and biotechnology. NIAR, March, 1993.
Obata, T. and Takeda, H.: Germplasm conservation of Japanese native livestock breeds (Horses, Cattle and Goats). Japan Agriculture Research Quarterly, 27, 812, 1993.
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Animal Genetic Resources/Resources génétiques animales/Recursos genéticos animales
  • ISSN: 2078-6336
  • EISSN: 2078-6344
  • URL: /core/journals/animal-genetic-resources-resources-genetiques-animales-recursos-geneticos-animales
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