Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

Adaptation to hot climate and strategies to alleviate heat stress in livestock production

  • D. Renaudeau (a1), A. Collin (a2), S. Yahav (a3), V. de Basilio (a4), J. L. Gourdine (a1) and R. J. Collier (a5)...
Abstract

Despite many challenges faced by animal producers, including environmental problems, diseases, economic pressure, and feed availability, it is still predicted that animal production in developing countries will continue to sustain the future growth of the world's meat production. In these areas, livestock performance is generally lower than those obtained in Western Europe and North America. Although many factors can be involved, climatic factors are among the first and crucial limiting factors of the development of animal production in warm regions. In addition, global warming will further accentuate heat stress-related problems. The objective of this paper was to review the effective strategies to alleviate heat stress in the context of tropical livestock production systems. These strategies can be classified into three groups: those increasing feed intake or decreasing metabolic heat production, those enhancing heat-loss capacities, and those involving genetic selection for heat tolerance. Under heat stress, improved production should be possible through modifications of diet composition that either promotes a higher intake or compensates the low feed consumption. In addition, altering feeding management such as a change in feeding time and/or frequency, are efficient tools to avoid excessive heat load and improve survival rate, especially in poultry. Methods to enhance heat exchange between the environment and the animal and those changing the environment to prevent or limit heat stress can be used to improve performance under hot climatic conditions. Although differences in thermal tolerance exist between livestock species (ruminants > monogastrics), there are also large differences between breeds of a species and within each breed. Consequently, the opportunity may exist to improve thermal tolerance of the animals using genetic tools. However, further research is required to quantify the genetic antagonism between adaptation and production traits to evaluate the potential selection response. With the development of molecular biotechnologies, new opportunities are available to characterize gene expression and identify key cellular responses to heat stress. These new tools will enable scientists to improve the accuracy and the efficiency of selection for heat tolerance. Epigenetic regulation of gene expression and thermal imprinting of the genome could also be an efficient method to improve thermal tolerance. Such techniques (e.g. perinatal heat acclimation) are currently being experimented in chicken.

Copyright
Corresponding author
E-mail: David.Renaudeau@antilles.inra.fr
References
Hide All
Ahmad, T, Khalid, T, Mushtaq, T, Mirza, MA, Nadeem, A, Babar, ME, Ahmad, G 2008. Effect of potassium chloride supplementation in drinking water on broiler performance under heat stress conditions. Poultry Science 87, 12761280.
Ain Baziz, H, Géraert, PA, Padilha, JC, Guillaumin, S 1996. Chronic heat exposure enhances fat deposition and modifies muscle and fat partition in broiler carcasses. Poultry Science 75, 505513.
Alan, DE, Carlos, FAC, David, RB, Carlos, AR, Peter, JH 1994. Effectiveness of short-term cooling and vitamin E for alleviation of infertility induced by heat stress in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 77, 36013607.
Al-Fataftah, ARA, Abu-Dieyeh, ZHM 2007. Effect of chronic heat stress on broiler performance in Jordan. International Journal of Poultry Science 6, 6470.
Alleman, F, Leclercq, B 1997. Effect of dietary protein and environmental temperature on growth performance and water consumption of male broiler chickens. British Poultry Science 38, 607610.
Amand, G, Aubert, C, Bourdette, C, Bouvarel, I, Chevalier, D, Dusantier, A, Franck, Y, Guillou, M, Hassouna, M, Le Biavan, R, Mahé, F, Prigent, JP, Robin, P 2004. La prévention du coup de chaleur en aviculture. Sciences et Techniques Avicoles, Hors-série, Mai 2004, 64p.
Amakiri, SF, Mordi, R 1975. The rate of cutaneous evaporation in some tropical and temperate breeds of cattle in Nigeria. Animal Production 20, 6368.
Ames, DR, Ray, DE 1983. Environmental manipulation to improve animal productivity. Journal of Animal Science 57, 209220.
Amundson, JL, Mader, TL, Rasby, RJ, Hu, QS 2006. Environmental effects on pregnancy rate in beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 84, 34153420.
Armstrong, DV 1994. Heat stress interaction with shade and cooling. Journal of Dairy Science 77, 20442050.
Balnave, D 1998. High-temperature nutrition in laying hens. Proceedings of the Australian Poultry Science Symposium 10, 3441.
Balnave, D, Muheereza, SK 1997. Improving eggshell quality at high temperatures with dietary sodium bicarbonate. Poultry Science 76, 588593.
Balnave, D, Brake, J 2005. Nutrition and management of heat-stressed pullets and lying hens. World's Poultry Science Journal 61, 399406.
Bedrani, L, Berri, C, Grasteau, S, Jégo, Y, Yahav, S, Everaert, N, Jlali, M, Joubert, R, Métayer Coustard, S, Praud, C, Temim, S, Tesseraud, S, Collin, A 2009. Effects of embryo thermal conditioning on thermotolerance, parameters of meat quality and muscle energy metabolism in a heavy line of chicken. Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Fundamental Physiology and Perinatal Development in Poultry, September 10–12, 2009, Bratislava, Slovak Republic, pp. 10–12.
Barea, R, Dubois, S, Gilbert, H, Sellier, P, van Milgen, J, Noblet, J 2010. Energy utilization in pigs selected for high and low residual feed intake. Journal of Animal Science 88, 20622072.
Beede, DK, Collier, RJ 1986. Potential nutritional strategies for intensively managed cattle during thermal stress. Journal of Animal Science 62, 543554.
Bernabucci, U, Lacetera, N, Ronchi, B, Nardone, A 2002. Effects of the hot season on milk protein fractions in Holstein cows. Animal Research 51, 2533.
Bernabucci, U, Lacetera, N, Baumgard, LH, Rhoads, RP, Ronchi, B, Nardone, A 2010. Metabolic and hormonal acclimation to heat stress in domesticated ruminants. Animal 4, 11671183.
Bianca, W 1959. Acclimatization of calves to hot dry environement. Journal of Agricultural Science 52, 296304.
Birkelo, CP, Johnson, DE, Phetteplace, HP 1991. Maintenance requirements of beef cattle as affected by season on different planes of nutrition. Journal of Animal Science 69, 12141222.
Blackshaw, JK, Blackshaw, AW 1994. Heat stress in cattle and the effect of shade on production and behaviour – a review. Autralian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 34, 285295.
Bond, TE, Kelly, CE 1955. The globe thermometer in agricultural research. Agricultural Engineering 36, 251255.
Bordas, A, Mérat, P 1984. Effects of the naked-neck gene on traits associated with egg laying in a dwarf stock at two temperatures. British Poultry Science 25, 195207.
Bordas, A, Minvielle, F 1997. Réponse à la chaleur de poules pondeuses issues de lignées sélectionnées pour une faible (R−) ou forte (R+) consommation alimentaire résiduelle. Genetic Selection Evolution 29, 279290.
Boussaid-Om Ezzine, S, Everaert, N, Métayer-Coustard, S, Rideau, N, Berri, C, Joubert, R, Temim, S, Collin, A, Tesseraud, S 2010. Effects of chronic heat exposure on insulin signaling and expression of genes related to protein and energy metabolism in chicken (Gallus gallus) pectoralis major muscle. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology: Part B, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 157, 20812287.
Brown-Brandl, TM, Nienaber, JA, Eigenberg, RA, Hahn, GL, Freetly, H 2003. Thermoregulatory responses of feeder cattle. Journal of Thermal Biology 28, 149157.
Bubsy, D, Loy, D 1996. Heat stress in feedlot cattle: producer survey results. In Beef Research Report, pp. 108110. Iowa State University AS Leaflet R1348, Iowa State University, IO, USA.
Burmeister, A, Jurkschat, M, Nichelmann, M 1986. Influence of stocking density on the heat balance in the domestic fowl (Gallus domesticus). Journal of Thermal Biology 11, 117120.
Cahaner, A 1996. Improving poultry production under climatic stress through genetic manipulation. World's Poultry Congress, New Delhi, India, pp. 127–139.
Cahaner, A, Leenstra, F 1992. Effects of high-temperature on growth and efficiency of male and female broilers from lines selected for high weight-gain, favourable feed conversion, and high or low fat-content. Poultry Science 71, 12371250.
Cahaner, A, Ajuh, JA, Siegmund-Schultze, M, Azoulay, Y, Druyan, S, Zárate, AV 2008. Effects of the genetically reduced feather coverage in naked neck and featherless broilers on their performance under hot conditions. Poultry Science 87, 25172527.
Chen, KH, Huber, JT, Theurer, CB, Armstrong, DV, Wanderley, RC, Simas, JM, Chan, SC, Sullivan, JL 1993. Effect of protein quality and evaporative cooling on lactational performance of Holstein cows in hot weather. Journal of Dairy Science 76, 819825.
Cheng, TK, Hamre, ML, Coon, CN 1997. Effect of environmental temperature, dietary protein, and energy levels on broiler performance. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 6, 117.
Chepete, HJ, Xin, H 1999. Evaluation of intermittent partial surface wetting on heat stress relief of laying hens. In ASAE/CSAE-SCGR Annual International Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 18–21 July 1999, p. 13.
Christopherson, RJ, Kennedy, PM 1983. Effect of the thermal environment on digestion in ruminants. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 63, 477496.
Collier, RJ, Beede, DK 1985. Thermal stress as a factor associated with nutrient requirements and interrelationships. In Nutrition of Grazing Ruminants in Warm Climates (ed. LR McDowell), pp. 5971. Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, Fl, USA.
Collier, RJ, Dahl, GE, VanBaale, MJ 2006. Major advances associated with environmental effects on dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 89, 12441253.
Collier, RJ, Collier, JL, Rhoads, RP, Baumgard, LH 2008. Invited review: genes involved in the bovine heat stress response. Journal of Dairy Science 91, 445454.
Collier, RJ, Eley, RM, Sharma, AK, Pereira, RM, Buffington, DE 1981. Shade management in subtropical environment for milk yield and composition in holstein and jersey cows. Journal of Dairy Science 64, 844849.
Collin, A, Vaz, MJ, Le Dividich, J 2002. Effects of high temperature on body temperature and hormonal adjustments in piglets. Reproduction Nutrition Development 42, 4553.
Collin, A, Picard, M, Yahav, S 2005. The effect of duration of thermal manipulation during broiler chick's embryogenesis on body weight and body temperature of post hatched chicks. Animal Research 54, 105112.
Collin, A, Lebreton, Y, Fillaut, F, Vincent, A, Thomas, F, Herpin, P 2001a. Effects of exposure to high temperature and feeding level on regional blood flow and oxidative capacities of tissues in piglets. Experimental Physiology 86, 8391.
Collin, A, van Milgen, J, Dubois, S, Noblet, J 2001b. Effect of high temperature and feeding level on energy utilization in piglets. Journal of Animal Science 79, 18491857.
Collin, A, Van Milgen, J, Le Dividich, J 2001c. Modelling the effect of high, constant temperature on food intake in young growing pigs. Animal Science 72, 519527.
Collin, A, Berri, C, Tesseraud, S, Rodón, FE, Skiba-Cassy, S, Crochet, S, Duclos, MJ, Rideau, N, Tona, K, Buyse, J, Bruggeman, V, Decuypere, E, Picard, M, Yahav, S 2007. Effects of thermal manipulation during early and late embryogenesis on thermotolerance and breast muscle characteristics in broiler chickens. Poultry Science 86, 795800.
Cooper, MA, Washburn, KW 1998. The relationship of body temperature to weight gain, feed consumption and feed utilization in broilers under heat stress. Poultry Science 77, 237242.
Cummins, KA 1992. Effect of dietary acid detergent fiber on responses to high environmental temperature. Journal of Dairy Science 75, 14651471.
Curtis, SE 1983. Environmental management in animal agriculture. Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA, USA.
D'Allaire, S, Drolet, R, Brodeur, D 1996. Sow mortality associated with high ambient temperatures. Canadian Veterinary Journal 37, 237239.
Daghir, NJ 2009. Nutritional strategies to reduce heat stress in broilers and broiler breeders. Lohmann Information 44, 615.
Dale, NM, Fuller, HL 1980. Effect of diet composition on feed intake and growth of chicks under heat stress. II. Constant vs. cycling temperatures. Poultry Science 59, 14341441.
Davis, MS, Mader, TL, Holt, SM, Parkhurst, AM 2003. Strategies to reduce feedlot cattle heat stress: effects on tympanic temperature. Journal of Animal Science 81, 649661.
Debut, M, Berri, C, Baeza, E, Sellier, N, Arnould, C, Guemene, D, Jehl, N, Boutten, B, Jego, Y, Beaumont, C, Bihan-Duval, El 2003. Variation of chicken technological meat quality in relation to genotype and preslaughter stress conditions. Poultry Science 82, 18291838.
De Basilio, V, Vilarino, M, Yahav, S, Picard, M 2001. Early age thermal conditioning and a dual feeding program for male broilers challenged by heat stress. Poultry Science 80, 2936.
De Basilio, V, Lovera, M, Tepper, E, Becerra, A, Bastianelli, D, Rojas, J 2010. Restricción de alimento diurno reduce muerte por calor en granjas avícolas comerciales. Revista Científica 10, 4252.
Dove, CR, Haydon, KD 1994. The effect of various diet nutrient densities and electrolyte balances on sow and litter performance during two seasons of the year. Journal of Animal Science 72, 11011106.
Dutertre, C, Massabie, P, Ginestet, S, Granier, R 1998. Effects of evaporative cooling on pig house ambience and on fattening pig growth performance. Journées de la Recherche Porcine en France 30, 337342.
FAO statistics 2010. http://faostat.fao.org/
Falconer, DS, Mackay, TFC 1996. Introduction to quantitative genetics, 4th edition. Addison Wesley Longman, Harlow, Essex, UK.
Finocchiaro, R, van Kaam, JBCH, Portolano, B, Misztal, I 2005. Effect of heat stress on production of mediterranean dairy sheep. Journal of Dairy Science 88, 18551864.
Gabarrou, JF, Gearert, PA, François, N, Guillaumin, S, Picard, M, Bordas, A 1998. Energy balance of laying hens selected on residual food consumption. British Poultry Science 39, 7989.
Gaughan, J, Lacetera, N, Valtora, E, Khalifah, HH, Hahn, L, Mader, T 2009. Response of domestic animals to climate challenges. In Biometeorology for adaptation to climate variability and change (ed. KL Ebi, I Burton and GR McGregor), pp. 131170. Springer, Aukland, New Zealand.
Gaughan, JB, Bonner, S, Loxton, I, Mader, TL, Lisle, A, Lawrence, R 2010. Effect of shade on body temperature and performance of feedlot steers. Journal of Animal Science 88, 40564067.
Géraert, PA 1998. Amino acids nutrition for poultry in hot conditions. Australian Poultry Science Symposium op 1, 2633.
Géraert, PA, Guillaumin, S, Leclercq, B 1993. Are genetically lean broilers more resistant to hot climate? British Poultry Science 34, 643653.
Géraert, PA, Padilha, JC, Guillaumin, S 1996. Metabolic and endocrine changes induced by chronic heat exposure in broiler chickens: growth performance, body composition and energy retention. British Journal of Nutrition 75, 195204.
Ghazalah, AA, Abd-Elsamee, MO, Ali, AM 2008. Influence of dietary energy and poultry fat on the response of broiler chicks to heat therm. International Journal of Poultry Science 7, 355359.
Gregory, NG 2010. How climatic changes could affect meat quality. Food Research International 43, 18661873.
Haeussermann, A, Hartung, E, Jungbluth, T, Vranken, E, Aerts, JM, Berckmans, D 2007. Cooling effects and evaporation characteristics of fogging systems in an experimental piggery. Biosystems Engineering 97, 395405.
Hahn, G, Gaughan, JB, Mader, TL, Eigenberg, RA 2009. Thermal indices and their applications for livestock environements. In Livestock energetics and thermal environemental management (ed. JA DeShazer), pp. 113130. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St Joseph, MI, USA.
Hahn, GL 1999. Dynamic responses of cattle to thermal heat loads. Journal of Animal Science 77, 1020.
Hansen, PJ 2004. Physiological and cellular adaptations of zebu cattle to thermal stress. Animal Reproduction Science 82–83, 349360.
Havenstein, GB, Ferket, PR, Qureshi, MA 2003. Growth, liveability, and feed conversion of 1957 versus 2001 broilers when fed representative 1957 and 2001 broiler diets. Poultry Science 82, 15001508.
Hillman, PE, Scott, NR, Van Tienhoven, A 1985. Physiological responses and adaptations to hot and cold environments. In Stress physiology in livestock. vol. 3, Poultry (ed. MK Yousef), pp. 27–71. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
Holik, V 2009. Management of laying hens to minimize heat stress. Lohmann Information 44, 1629.
Holt, SM, Gaughan, JB, Mader, TL 2004. Feeding strategies for grain-fed cattle in a hot environment. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 55, 719725.
Horowitz, M 2002. From molecular and cellular to integrative heat defense during exposure to chronic heat. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology – Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology 131, 475483.
Huber, JT, Higginbotham, G, Gomez-Alarcon, RA, Taylor, RB, Chen KH Chan, SC, Wu, Z 1994. Heat stress interactions with protein, supplemental fat, and fungal cultures. Journal of Dairy Science 77, 20802090.
Hurwitz, S, Plavnik, I, Rosenberg, I, BenGal, I, Talpaz, H, Bartov, I 1987. Differential response to dietary carbohydrates and fat of turkeys kept at various environmental temperatures. Poultry Science 66, 13461357.
Igono, MO, Steevens, BJ, Shanklin, MD, Johnson, HD 1985. Spray cooling effects on milk production, milk composition, and rectal temperatures of cows during a moderate temperate summer season. Journal of Dairy Science 68, 979985.
Ikeguchi, A, Xin, H 2001. Field evaluation of a sprinkling system for cooling commercial laying hens in Iowa. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 17, 217221.
Ingram, DL 1967. Stimulation of cutaneous glands in the pig. Journal of Comparative Pathology 77, 9398.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2007. Palaeoclimate. In Climate Change 2007: the Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (ed. S Solomon, D Qin, M Manning, Z Chen, M Marquis, KB Averyt, M Tignor and HL Miller). pp. 433497. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA.
Jeon, JH, Yeon, SC, Choi, YH, Min, W, Kim, S, Kim, PJ, Chang, HH 2006. Effects of chilled drinking water on the performance of lactating sows and their litters during high ambient temperatures under farm conditions. Livestock Science 105, 8693.
Kadzere, CT, Murphy, MR, Silznikove, N, Maltz, E 2002. Heat stress in lactating dairy cows: a review. Livestock Production Science 77, 5991.
Katsumata, M, Kaji, Y, Saitoh, M 1996. Growth and carcass fatness responses of finishing pigs to dietary fat supplementation at a high ambient temperature. Animal Science 62, 591598.
Kim, SW, Hurley, WL, Wu, G, Ji, F 2009. Ideal amino acid balance for sows during gestation and lactation. Journal of Animal Science 87, E123E132.
Kisliouk, T, Meiri, N 2009. A critical role for dynamic changes in histone H3 methylation at the Bdnf promoter during postnatal thermotolerance acquisition. European Journal of Neuroscience 30, 19091922.
Knapp, DM, Grummer, RR 1991. Response of lactating dairy cows to fat supplementation during heat stress. Journal of Dairy Science 74, 25732579.
Kucuk, O, Sahin, N, Sahin, K 2003. Supplemental zinc and vitamin A can alleviate negative effects of heat stress in broiler chickens. Biology Trace Element Research 94, 225235.
Kunavongkrit, A, Suriyasomboon, A, Lundeheim, N, Heard, TW, Einarsson, S 2005. Management and sperm production of boars under differing environmental conditions. Proceedings of the Vth International Conference on Boar Semen Preservation, Doorwerth, Netherlands, 24–27 August 2003, pp. 657–667.
Kutlu, HR 2001. Influences of wet feeding and supplemenntation with ascorbic acid on performance and carcass composition of broiler chiks exposed to high ambient temperature. Archiv fur Tierernahrung 54, 127139.
Le Bellego, L, van Milgen, J, Noblet, J 2002. Effects of high ambient temperature on protein and lipid deposition and energy utilization in growing pigs. Animal Science 75, 8596.
Le Dividich, J, Noblet, J, Herpin, P, van Milgen, J, Quiniou, N, Wiseman, J, Varley, MA, Chadwick, JP 1998. Thermoregulation. In Progress in Pig Science (ed. J Wiseman, MA Varley and JP Chadwick), pp. 229263. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK.
Lefaucheur, L, Le Dividich, J, Mourot, J, Monin, G, Ecolan, P, Krauss, D 1991. Influence of environmental temperature on growth, muscle and adipose tissue metabolism, and meat quality in swine. Journal of Animal Science 69, 28442854.
Leterrier, C, Colina, Y, Collin, A, Bastianelli, D, Constantin, P, De Basilio, V 2009. Effets d’élévations tardives de la température ambiante sur la température corporelle et l'hyperventilation chez le poulet. 8e Journées de la Recherche Avicole, St-Malo, 25 et 26 mars 2009, pp. 218–222.
Lin, H, Jiao, HC, Buyse, J, Decuypere, E 2006. Strategies for preventing heat stress in poultry. World's Poultry Science Journal 62, 7186.
Luiting, P, Vangen, O, Rauw, WM, Knap, PW, Beilharz, RG 1997. Physiological consequences of selection for growth. Proceedings of the 48th annual meeting of the European Association for Animal Production, Vienna, Austria, p. 40.
Mader, TL, Davis, MS 2004. Effect of management strategies on reducing heat stress of feedlot cattle: feed and water intake. Journal of Animal Science 82, 30773087.
Marai, IFM, El-Darawany, AA, Fadiel, A, Abdel-Hafez, MAM 2007. Physiological traits as affected by heat stress in sheep – a review. Small Ruminant Research 71, 112.
Mardsen, A, Morris, TR 1987. Quantitative review of the effect of environmental temperature on food intake, egg output and energy balance in laying pullets. British Poultry Science 28, 693704.
Mashaly, MM, IIIHendricks, GL, Kalama, MA, Gehad, AE, Abbas, AO, Patterson, PH 2004. Effect of heat stress on production parameters and immune responses of commercial laying hens. Poultry Science 83, 889894.
McGlone, JJ, Stansbury, WF, Tribble, LF 1988. Management of lactating sows during heat stress: effects of water drip, snout coolers, floor type and a high energy-density diet. Journal of Animal Science 66, 885891.
McGuire, MA, Beede, DK, DeLorenzo, MA, Wilcox, CJ, Huntington, GB, Reynolds, CK, Collier, RJ 1989. Effects of thermal stress and level of feed intake on portal plasma flow and net fluxes of metabolites in lactating Holstein cows. Journal of Animal Science 67, 10501060.
Messias de Bragança, M, Mounier, AM, Prunier, A 1998. Does feed restriction mimic the effects of increased ambient temperature in lactating sows? Journal of Animal Science 76, 20172024.
Meyerhoeffer, DC, Wettemann, RP, Coleman, SW, Wells, ME 1985. Reproductive criteria of beef bulls during and after exposure to increased ambient temperature. Journal of Animal Science 60, 352357.
Minvielle, F, Kayang, B, Inoue-Murayama, M, Miwa, M, Vignal, A, Gourichon, D, Neau, A, Monvoisin, J-L, Ito, S 2005. Microsatellite mapping of QTL affecting growth, feed consumption, egg production, tonic immobility and body temperature of Japanese quail. BMC Genomics 6, 8796.
Mitlohner, FM, Morrow, JL, Dailey, JW, Wilson, SC, Galyean, ML, Miller, MF, McGlone, JJ 2001. Shade and water misting effects on behavior, physiology, performance, and carcass traits of heat-stressed feedlot cattle. Journal of Animal Science 79, 23272335.
Moraes, VMB, Malheiros, RD, Bruggeman, V, Collin, A, Tona, K, Van As, P, Onagbesan, OM, Buyse, J, Decuypere, E, Macari, M 2003. Effect of thermal conditioning during embryonic development on aspects of physiological responses of broilers to heat stress. Journal of Thermal Biology 28, 133140.
Moraes, VMB, Malheiros, RD, Bruggeman, V, Collin, A, Tona, K, Van As, P, Onagbesan, OM, Buyse, J, Decuypere, E, Macari, M 2004. The effect of timing of thermal conditioning during incubation on embryo physiological parameters and its relationship to thermotolerance in adult broiler chickens. Journal of Thermal Biology 29, 5561.
Moran, DS, Eli-Berchoer, L, Heled, Y, Mendel, L, Schocina, M, Horowitz, M 2006. Heat intolerance: does gene transcription contribute? Journal of Applied Physiology 100, 13701376.
Morand-Fehr, P, Doreau, M 2001. Ingestion et digestion chez les ruminants soumis à un stress à la chaleur. INRA Production Animales 14, 1527.
Morrison, SR 1983. Ruminant heat stress effect on production and means of alleviation. Journal of Animal Science 57, 15941600.
Morrow-Tesch, JL, McGlone, JJ, Salak-Johnson, JL 1994. Heat and social stress effects on pig immune measure. Journal of Animal Science 72, 25992609.
Mutaf, S, Seber Kahraman, N, Firat, MZ 2008. Surface wetting and its effect on body and surface temperatures of domestic laying hens at different thermal conditions. Poultry Science 87, 24412450.
Myer, RO, Brendemuhl, JH, Bucklin, RA 2008. Effect of season on growth performance of finishing pigs fed low-protein, amino acid supplemented diets. Journal of Applied Animal Research 34, 18.
Nadaf, J, Pitel, F, Gilbert, H, Duclos, MJ, Vignoles, F, Beaumont, C, Vignal, A, Porter, TE, Cogburn, LA, Aggrey, SE, Simon, J, Le Bihan-Duval, E 2009. QTL for several metabolic traits map to loci controlling growth and body composition in an F2 intercross between high- and low-growth chicken lines. Physiological Genomics 38, 241249.
Nardone, A, Valentini, A 2000. The genetic improvement of dairy cows in warm climates. In Livestock production and climatic uncertainty in the Mediterranean. Proceeding of the joint ANPA-EAAP-CHIEAM-FAO symposium (ed. F Guessous, N Rihani and A Ilham), pp. 185–191. EAAP Publication no. 94, Wageningen Press, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Nichols, DA, Ames, DR, Hines, RH 1979. Evaporative cooling systems for swine. Report of Progress, Agricultural Experiment Station, Kansas State University, pp. 6–9.
Nichols, DA, Thaler, RC, Murphy, JP, Hines, RH, Nelssen, JL 1987. The value of drip versus spray cooling at two flow rates to reduce heat stress of finishing pigs. Report of Progress, Agricultural Experiment Station, Kansas State University, pp. 58–60.
Nienaber, JA, Hahn, GL 2007. Livestock production system management responses to thermal challenges. International Journal of Biometeorology 52, 149157.
Olson, TA, Hammond, AC, JrChase, CC 2003. Evidence of a major gene influencing hair length and heat tolerance in Bos taurus cattle. Journal of Animal Science 81, 8090.
Ozkan, S, Akbas, Y, Altan, O, Altan, A, Ayhan, V, Ozkan, K 2003. The effect of short-term fasting on performance traits and rectal temperature of broilers during the summer season. British Poultry Science 44, 8895.
Pettigrew, JE, Moser, RL, Cornelius, SG, Miller, KP 1985. Feed consumption by lactating sows as affected by feeder design and corn particle size. Journal of Animal Science 61(suppl.1), 107.
Picard, M, Sauveur, B, Fernadji, F, Angulo, I, Mongin, P 1993. Ajustements technico-économiques possibles de l'alimentation des volailles dans les pays chauds. INRA Production Animale 6, 87103.
Piestun, Y, Shinder, D, Ruzal, M, Halevy, O, Brake, J, Yahav, S 2009a. Thermal manipulations during broiler embryogenesis: effect on the acquisition of thermotolerance. Poultry Science 87, 15161525.
Piestun, Y, Halevy, O, Yahav, S 2009b. Thermal manipulations of broiler embryos – the effect on thermoregulation and development during embryogenesis. Poultry Science 88, 26772688.
Prunier, A, Quesnel, H, Messias de Bragança, M, Kermabon, AY 1996. Environmental and seasonal influences on the return-to-oestrus after weaning in primiparous sows – a review. Livestock Production Science 45, 103110.
Prunier, A, Soede, NM, Quesnel, H, Kemp, B, Pluske, JR, Le Dividich, J, Verstegen, MWA 2003. Productivity and longevity of weaned sows. In Weaning the pig. Concepts and consequences (ed. JR Pluske, J Le Dividich and MWA Verstegen), pp. 385419. Wageningen Academic Publishers, the Netherlands.
Quiniou, N, Noblet, J 1999. Influence of high ambient temperatures on performance of multiparous lactating sows. Journal of Animal Science 77, 21242134.
Quiniou, N, Gaudré, D, Rapp, S, Guillou, D 2000. Influence de la température ambiante et de la concentration en nutriments de l'aliment sur les performances de lactation de la truie primipare. Journée des Recherches Porcines en France 32, 275282.
Quinteiro-Filho, WM, Ribeiro, A, Ferraz-de-Paula, V, Pinheiro, ML, Sakai, M, Sa, LRM, Ferreira, AJP, Palermo-Neto, J 2010. Heat stress impairs performance parameters, induces intestinal injury, and decreases macrophage activity in broiler chickens. Poultry Science 89, 19051914.
Ravagnolo, O, Misztal, I, Hoogenboom, G 2000. Genetic component of heat stress in dairy cattle, development of heat index function. Journal of Dairy Science 83, 21202125.
Renaudeau, D 2008a. Nutrition of the lactating sows in hot conditions. In 3rd CLANA Congress. Colegio Latinamericano de Nutricion Animal, Cancun, Q. Roo, Mexico.
Renaudeau, D 2008b. Effect of housing conditions (clean vs. dirty) on growth performance and feeding behavior in growing pigs in a tropical climate. Tropical Animal Health and Production 41, 559563.
Renaudeau, D, Quiniou, N, Noblet, J 2001. Effects of exposure to high ambient temperature and dietary protein level on performance of multiparous lactating sows. Journal of Animal Science 79, 12401249.
Renaudeau, D, Noblet, J, Dourmad, JY 2003. Effect of ambient temperature on mammary gland metabolism in lactating sows. Journal of Animal Science 81, 217231.
Renaudeau, D, Leclercq-Smekens, M, Herin, M 2006. Difference in skin characteristics in European (Large White) and Caribbean (Creole) growing pigs with reference to thermoregulation. Animal Research 55, 209217.
Renaudeau, D, Huc, E, Noblet, J 2007. Acclimation to high ambient temperature in Large White and Caribbean Creole growing pigs. Journal of Animal Science 85, 779790.
Renaudeau, D, Gourdine, JL, St-Pierre, NR 2011. A meta-analysis of the effect of high ambient temperature on growing–finishing pigs. Journal of Animal Science 89, 22202230.
Renaudeau, D, Gourdine, JL, Quiniou, N, Noblet, J 2005. Feeding behaviour of lactating sows in hot conditions. Pig News and Information 26, 17N22N.
Renaudeau, D, Gourdine, JL, Silva, BAN, Noblet, J 2008. Nutritional routes to attenuate heat stress in pigs. In Livestock and Global Climate Change (ed. P. Rowginson, M. Steele, A. Nefzaoui), pp. 134138. Hammamet, Tunisia, Cambridge University Press.
Renaudeau, D, Anais, C, Tel, L, Gourdine, JL 2010. Effect of temperature on thermal acclimation in growing pigs estimated using a nonlinear function. Journal of Animal Science 88, 37153724.
Renaudeau, D, Mandonnet, N, Tixier-Boichard, M, Noblet, J, Bidanel, JP 2004. Atténuer les effets de la chaleur sur les performances des porcs: la voie génétique [Attenuate the effects of high ambient temperature on pig performance: the genetic selection]. INRA Productions Animales 17, 93108.
Rhoads, ML, Kim, JW, Collier, RJ, Crooker, BA, Boisclair, YR, Baumgard, LH, Rhoads, RP 2010. Effects of heat stress and nutrition on lactating Holstein cows: II. Aspects of hepatic growth hormone responsiveness. Journal of Dairy Science 93, 170179.
Rhoads, ML, Rhoads, RP, VanBaale, MJ, Collier, RJ, Sanders, SR, Weber, WJ, Crooker, BA, Baumgard, LH 2009. Effects of heat stress and plane of nutrition on lactating Holstein cows: I. Production, metabolism, and aspects of circulating somatotropin. Journal of Dairy Science 92, 19861997.
Richardson, EC, Herd, RM, Archer, JA, Arthur, PF 2004. Métabolic differences in Angus steers divergently selected for residual feed intake. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 44, 441452.
Roman-Ponce, H, Thatcher, WW, Buffington, DE, Wilcox, CJ, Horn, HHV 1977. Physiological and production responses of dairy cattle to a shade structure in a subtropical environment. Journal of Dairy Science 60, 424430.
Ryan, DP, Boland, MP, Kopel, E, Armstrong, D, Munyakazi, L, Godke, RA, Ingraham, RH 1992. Evaluating two different evaporative cooling management systems for dairy cows in a hot, dry climate. Journal of Dairy Science 75, 10521059.
Sahin, K, Kucuk, O 2001. A simple way to reduce heat stress in laying hens as judged by egg laying, body weight gain and biochemical parameters. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica 49, 421430.
Sanchez, WK, McGuire, MA, Beede, DK 1994. Macromineral nutrition by heat stress interactions in dairy cattle: review and original research. Journal of Dairy Science 77, 20512079.
Sánchez, JP, Misztal, I, Aguilar, I, Zumbach, B, Rekaya, R 2009. Genetic determination of the onset of heat stress on daily milk production in the US Holstein cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 92, 40354045.
Sartor, V, Baêta, FC, Tinôco, IFF, Luz, ML 2003. Performance of an evaporative cooling system of a finishing phase swine barn. Scientia Agricola 60, 1317.
Sauveur, B, Picard, M 1987. Environmental effects on egg quality (Chap. 14). In Egg quality current problems and recent advances (ed. RG Wel and CG Belyavin), pp. 219234. Butterworths, London, UK.
Schenck, BC, Stahly, TS, Cromwell, GL 1992a. Interactive effects of thermal environment and dietary amino acid and fat levels on rate and efficiency of growth of pigs housed in a conventional nursery. Journal of Animal Science 70, 38033811.
Schenck, BC, Stahly, TS, Cromwell, GL 1992b. Interactive effects of thermal environment and dietary lysine and fat levels on rate, efficiency, and composition of growth of weanling pigs. Journal of Animal Science 70, 37913802.
Schneider, PL, Beede, DK, Wilcox, CJ 1986. Responses of lactating cows to dietary sodium source and quantity and potassium quantity during heat stress. Journal of Dairy Science 69, 99110.
Schoenherr, WD, Stahly, TS, Cromwell, GL 1989a. The effects of dietary fat or fiber addition on yield and composition of milk from sows housed in a warm or hot environment. Journal of Animal Science 67, 482495.
Schoenherr, WD, Stahly, TS, Cromwell, GL 1989b. The effects of dietary fat or fiber addition on energy and nitrogen digestibility in lactating, primiparous sows housed in a warm or hot environment. Journal of Animal Science 67, 473481.
Shkolnik, A, Choshniak, I 2006. The special physiology and history of the black Bedouin goat. In Adaptation to live in the desert (ed. T Shkolnik). A.R.A. Ganter Verlag K.-G., Ruggell.
Silva, BAN, Oliveira, RFM, Donzele, JL, Fernandes, HC, Lima, AL, Renaudeau, D, Noblet, J 2009. Effect of floor cooling and dietary amino acids content on performance and behaviour of lactating primiparous sows during summer. Livestock Science 120, 2534.
Skaar, TC, Grummer, RR, Dentine, MR, Stauffacher, RH 1989. Seasonal effects of prepartum and postpartum fat and niacin feeding on lactation performance and lipid metabolism. Journal of Dairy Science 72, 20282038.
Smith, A 1973. Some effects of high environmental temperatures on the productivity of laying hens – a review. Tropical Animal Health and Production 5, 259271.
Smith, A 1974. Changes in the average weight and shell thickness of eggs produced by hens exposed to high environmental temperatures – a review. Tropical Animal Health and Production 6, 237244.
Smith, AJ, Oliver, J 1972. Some nutritional problem associated with egg production at high environmental temperatures. 4. The effect of prolonged exposure to high environmental temperatures on the productivity of pullets fed on high energy diets. Rhodesian Journal of Agricultural Research 10, 4360.
Spencer, JD, Gaines, AM, Rentfrow, G, Cast, W, Usry, JL, Allee, GL 2001. Supplemental fat and/or reduced dietary protein crude protein effects on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and meat quality of late finishing barrows reared in controlled hot environment. Journal of Animal Science 79, 66 (Abstract).
Stahly, TS, Cromwell, GL, Overfield, JR 1981. Interactive effects of season of year and dietary fat supplementation, lysine source and lysine level on the performance of swine. Journal of Animal Science 53, 12691277.
Stansbury, WF, McGlone, JJ, Tribble, LF 1987. Effects of season, floor type, air temperature and snout cooler on sow and litter performance. Journal of Animal Science 65, 15071513.
Suriyasomboon, A, Lundeheim, N, Kunavongkrit, A, Einarsson, S 2004. Effect of temperature and humidity on sperm production in Duroc boars under different housing systems in Thailand. Livestock Production Science 89, 1931.
Tanor, MA, Leeson, S, Summers, JD 1984. Effect of heat stress and diet composition on performance of White-Leghorn hens. Poultry Science 63, 304310.
Tao, X, Xin, H 2003. Surface wetting and its optimization to cool broiler chikens. Transactions of the ASABE 46, 483490.
Taylor, SE, Buffington, DE, Collier, RJ, Delorenzo, MA 1986. Evaporative cooling for dairy cow in Florida. ASAE Paper No. 86-4022, St. Joseph, MI, USA.
Temim, S, Chagneau, AM, Peresson, R, Tesseraud, S 2000. Chronic heat exposure alters protein turnover of three different skeletal muscles in finishing broiler chickens fed 20 or 25% protein diets. Journal of Nutrition 130, 813819.
Temim, S, Chagneau, AM, Guillaumin, S, Michel, J, Peresson, R, Géraert, PA, Tesseraud, S 1999. Effects of chronic heat exposure and protein intake on growth performance, nitrogen retention and muscle development in broiler chickens. Reproduction Nutrition Development 39, 145156.
Tesseraud, S, Temim, S 1999. Modifications métaboliques chez le poulet de chair en climat chaud: conséquences nutritionnelles. INRA Production Animales 12, 353363.
Tona, K, Onagbesan, O, Bruggeman, V, Collin, A, Berri, C, Duclos, M, Tesseraud, S, Buyse, J, Decuypere, E, Yahav, S 2008. Effects of heat conditioning at d 16 to 18 of incubation or during early broiler rearing on embryo physiology, post-hatch growth performance and heat tolerance. Archiv für Geflügelkunde 72, S7583.
Travel, A, Nys, Y, Lopes, E 2010. Facteurs physiologiques et environnementaux influençant la production et la qualité de l'oeuf. INRA Productions Animales 23, 155166.
Turner, LW, Monegue, HJ, Gates, RS, Lindemann, MD 1997. Fan, sprinkler, and sprinkler plus fan systems for cooling growing-finishing swine. In ASAE Annual International Meeting, Minneapolis, MN, USA, 10–14 August 1997, 13pp.
Turner, LW, Chastain, JP, Hemken, RW, Gates, RS, Crist, WL 1992. Reducing heat stress in dairy cows through sprinklers and fan cooling. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 8, 251256.
Tzschentke, B, Nichelmann, M 1997. Influence of prenatal and postnatal acclimation on nervous and peripheral thermoregulation. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences 15, 8794.
Umar Faruk, M, Lescoat, P, Bouvarel, I, Nys, Y, Tukur, HM 2010. Use of whole millet (Pennisetum glaucum) and protein–mineral concentrate in poultry feeding is an efficient feed management method in Nigeria. XIII European Poultry Conference, 24–27 August 2010, Tours, France.
Valtorta, SE, Leva, PE, Gallardo, MR 1997. Evaluation of different shades to improve dairy cattle well-being in Argentina. International Journal of Biometeorology 41, 6567.
van Milgen, J, Noblet, J 2003. Partitioning energy intake to heat, protein, and fat in growing pigs. Journal of Animal Science 81, E86E93.
West, JW 1994. Interactions of energy and bovine somatotropin with heat stress. Journal of Dairy Science 77, 20912102.
West, JW 1999. Nutritional strategies for managing the heat-stressed dairy cow. Journal of Animal Science 77, 2135.
West, JW 2003. Effects of heat-stress on production in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 86, 21312144.
Wettmann, RP, Wells, ME, Omtvedt, IT, Pope, CE, Turman, EJ 1976. Influence of elevated ambient temperature on reproductive performance of boars. Journal of Animal Science 42, 664669.
Wiersma, F, Armstrong, DV 1989. Microclimate modification to improve milk production in hot arid climates. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Agricultural Engineering. Agricultural Engineering (ed. VA Dodd and PM Grace), pp. 14331440. A. Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
Wolfenson, D 2009. Impact of heat stress on production and fertility of dairy cattle. In Proceedings of the 18th Annual Tri-State Dairy Nutrition Conference, Fort Wayne, IN, USA, 21–22 April 2009, pp. 55–59.
Yahav, S 2009. Alleviating heat stress in domestic fowl – different strategies. World Poultry Science Journal 65, 719732.
Yahav, S, McMurtry, JP 2001. Thermotolerance acquisition in broiler chickens by temperature conditioning early in life – the effect of timing and ambient temperature. Poultry Science 80, 16621666.
Yahav, S, Ruzal, M, Shinder, D 2008. The effect of ventilation on performance, body and surface temperature of young turkeys. Poultry Science 87, 133137.
Yahav, S, Straschnow, A, Plavnik, I, Hurwitz, S 1996. Effects of diurnal cyclic versus constant temperatures on chicken growth and food intake. British Poultry Science 37, 4354.
Yahav, S, Straschnow, A, Plavnik, I, Hurwitz, S 1997. Blood system response of chickens to changes in environmental temperature. Poultry Science 76, 627633.
Yahav, S, Collin, A, Shinder, D, Picard, M 2004a. Thermal manipulations during broiler chick embryogenesis: effects of timing and temperature. Poultry Science 83, 19591963.
Yahav, S, Straschnow, A, Luger, D, Shinder, D, Tanny, J, Cohen, S 2004b. Ventilation, sensible heat loss, broiler energy, and water balance under harsh environmental conditions. Poultry Science 83, 253258.
Yahav, S, Shinder, D, Tanny, J, Cohen, S 2005. Sensible heat loss – the broilers paradox. Worlds Poultry Science Journal 61, 419435.
Yahav, S, Shinder, D, Ruzal, M, Giloh, M, Piestun, Y 2009. Controlling body temperature – the opportunities for highly productive domestic fowl. In Body temperature control (ed. AB Cisneros and BL Goins), pp. 6598. NovaScience Publishers Inc., New York, USA.
Yamamoto, S, Young, BA, Purwanto, BP, Nakamasu, F, Matsumoto, T 1994. Effect of solar radiation on the heat load of dairy heifers. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 45, 17411749.
Yossifoff, M, Kisliouk, T, Meiri, N 2008. Dynamic changes in DNA methylation during thermal control establishment affect CREB binding to the brain-derived neurotrophic factor promoter. European Journal of Neuroscience 28, 22672277.
Yunianto, VD, Hayashi, K, Kaneda, S, Ohtsuka, A, Tomita, Y 1997. Effect of environmental temperature on muscle protein turnover and heat production in tube-fed broiler chickens. British Journal of Nutrition 77, 897909.
Zerjal, T, Gourichon, D, Rivet, B, Bordas, A 2010. The effect of the Frizzle (F) gene on egg production traits under standard and high ambient temperature. 9th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Leipzig, Germany, August 1–6, 2010.
Zimbleman, RB, Rhoads, RP, Rhoads, ML, Duff, GC, Baumgard, LH, Collier, RJ 2009. A re-valuation of the impact of temperature humidity index (THI) and black globe humidity index (BGHI) on milk production in high producing dairy cows. Proceedings of the 24th Annual Southwest Nutrition and Management Conference, pp. 158–168.
Zhao, HJ, Guo, DZ 2005. Effects of selenium and vitamin E on the free radical metabolism of pigs suffering from heat stress. Chinese Journal of Veterinary Science 25, 7880.
Zulkifli, I, Htin, N, Alimon, AR, Loh, TC, Hair-Bejo, M 2007. Dietary selection of fat by heat-stressed broiler chickens. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science 20, 245251.
Zumbach, B, Misztal, I, Tsuruta, S, Sanchez, JP, Azain, M, Herring, W, Holl, J, Long, T, Culbertson, M 2008. Genetic components of heat stress in finishing pigs: development of a heat load function. Journal of Animal Science 86, 20822088.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

animal
  • ISSN: 1751-7311
  • EISSN: 1751-732X
  • URL: /core/journals/animal
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed