Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Chung, Tae Ho Park, Chul and Choi, In Hag 2015. Effects of Korean Red Ginseng marc with aluminum sulfate against pathogen populations in poultry litters. Journal of Ginseng Research, Vol. 39, Issue. 4, p. 414.


    ×

Effect of aluminum sulfate on litter composition and ammonia emission in a single flock of broilers up to 42 days of age*

  • J. Madrid (a1), M. J. López (a1), J. Orengo (a1), S. Martínez (a1), M. Valverde (a1), M.D. Megías (a1) and F. Hernández (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1751731112000158
  • Published online: 10 February 2012
Abstract

New alternatives are necessary if the environmental impact linked to intensive poultry production is to be reduced, and different litter handling methods should be explored. Among these, acidifying amendments added to poultry litters has been suggested as a management practice to help reduce the potential environmental effect involved in multiple flock cycles. There have been several studies on the use of aluminum sulfate (alum) and its benefits, but almost no data are available under farm conditions in Europe. An experiment with Ross 308 broilers from 1 to 42 days of age was conducted to evaluate the effect of alum on litter composition, the solubility of some mineral elements and NH3 emission during a single flock-rearing period in commercial houses located in southeast Spain. Broilers were placed on clean wood shavings in four commercial houses, containing 20 000 broilers each. Before filling, alum was applied at a rate of 0.25 kg/m2 to the wood shavings of two poultry houses, whereas the remaining two were used as control. Litter from each poultry house was sampled every 3 to 5 days. Ammonia emissions from the poultry houses were monitored from 37 to 42 days of age. In comparison with the control group, alum treatment significantly reduced the pH level of the litter (P < 0.001) with an average difference of 1.32 ± 0.24 units. Alum-treated litter showed, on average, a higher electrical conductivity than the control litter (5.52 v. 3.63 dS/m). The dry matter (DM) and total N and P contents did not show differences between the treatments (P > 0.05). Regarding the NH4+-N content, alum-treated litter showed a higher value than the untreated litter, with an average difference of 0.16 ± 0.07% (on a DM basis). On average, alum-treated litter had lower water-soluble P, Zn and Cu contents than the untreated litter. Alum noticeably reduced the in-house ammonia concentration (P < 0.001), with an average of 4.8 ppm at 42 days of age (62.9% lower than the control), and ammonia emissions from 37 to 42 days of age were significantly reduced by the alum treatment (P < 0.001), representing a reduction of 73.3%. The lower pH values might have reduced ammonia volatilization from the litter, with a corresponding positive effect on the building environment and poultry health. For these reasons, litter amendment with alum could be recommended as a way of reducing the pollution potential of European broiler facilities during a single flock cycle.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Effect of aluminum sulfate on litter composition and ammonia emission in a single flock of broilers up to 42 days of age*
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Effect of aluminum sulfate on litter composition and ammonia emission in a single flock of broilers up to 42 days of age*
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Effect of aluminum sulfate on litter composition and ammonia emission in a single flock of broilers up to 42 days of age*
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
E-mail: jorengo@um.es
Footnotes
Hide All

The work was supported by (CDTI Project of the Ministry of Science and Technology, ref. 060004) Avícola Levantina S.A. (Murcia, Spain).

Footnotes
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

M Amon , M Dobeic , RW Sneath , VR Phillips , TH Misselbrook , BF Pain 1997. A farm-scale study on the use of clinoptilolite zeolite and De-odorase for reducing odour and ammonia emissions from broiler houses. Bioresource Technology 61, 229237.


LE Carr , FW Wheaton , LW Douglas 1990. Empirical models to determine ammonia concentrations from broiler chicken litter. Transactions of International Journal of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 33, 13371342.

IH Choi , PA Moore Jr 2008. Effects of liquid aluminum chloride additions to poultry litter on broiler performance, ammonia emissions, soluble phosphorus, total volatile fatty acids, and nitrogen contents of litter. Poultry Science 87, 19551963.

JC Do , IH Choi , KH Nahm 2005. Effects of chemically amended litter on broiler performances, atmospheric ammonia concentration, and phosphorus solubility in litter. Poultry Science 84, 679686.

DR Edwards , TS Daniel 1992. Environmental impacts of on-farm poultry waste disposal: a review. Journal of Environmental Quality 22, 361365.

HA Elliott , NE Collins 1982. Factors affecting ammonia release in broiler houses. Transactions of International Journal of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 25, 413424.

M Guo , W Song 2009. Nutrient value of alum-treated poultry litter for land application. Poultry Science 88, 17821792.

Z Liu , L Wang , D Beasley , E Oviedo 2007. Effect of moisture content on ammonia emissions from broiler litter: a laboratory study. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 58, 4153.

ME López-Mosquera , F Cabaleiro , MJ Sainz , A López-Fabal , E Carral 2008. Fertilizing value of broiler litter: effects of drying and pelletizing. Bioresource Technology 99, 56265633.

DM Miles , PA Moore Jr, DR Smith , DW Rice , HL Stilborn , DR Rowe , BD Lott , SL Branton , JD Simmons 2003. Total and water-soluble phosphorus in broiler litter over three flocks with alum litter treatment and dietary inclusion of high available phosphorus corn and phytase supplementation. Poultry Science 82, 15441549.

DM Miles , SL Branton , BD Lott 2004. Atmospheric ammonia is detrimental to the performance of modern commercial broilers. Poultry Science 83, 16501654.

PA Moore Jr, DM Miller 1994. Decreasing phosphorus solubility in poultry litter with aluminum, calcium and iron amendments. Journal of Environmental Quality 23, 325330.

PA Moore Jr, DR Edwards 2005. Long-term effects of poultry litter, alum-treated litter and ammonium nitrate on aluminum availability in soils. Journal of Environmental Quality 34, 21042111.

PA Moore Jr, DR Edwards 2007. Long-term effects of poultry litter, alum-treated litter and ammonium nitrate on phosphorus availability in soils. Journal of Environmental Quality 36, 163174.

PA Moore Jr, TC Daniel , DR Edwards , DM Miller 1995. Effect of chemical amendments on ammonia volatilization from poultry litter. Journal of Environmental Quality 24, 293300.

PA Moore Jr, TC Daniel , DR Edwards , DM Miller 1996. Evaluation of chemical amendments to reduce ammonia volatilization from poultry litter. Poultry Science 75, 315320.

PA Moore Jr, TC Daniel , JT Gilmour , BR Shreve , DR Edwards , BH Wood 1998. Decreasing metal runoff from poultry litter with aluminum sulfate. Journal of Environmental Quality 27, 9299.

PA Moore Jr, TC Daniel , DR Edwards 1999. Reducing phosphorus runoff and improving poultry production with alum. Poultry Science 78, 692698.

PA Moore Jr, TC Daniel , DR Edwards 2000. Reducing phosphorus runoff and inhibiting ammonia loss from poultry manure with aluminium sulfate. Journal of Environmental Quality 29, 3749.

PM Ndegwa , AN Hristov , J Arogo , RE Sheffield 2008. A review of ammonia emission mitigation techniques for concentrated animal feeding operations. Biosystems Engineering 100, 453469.

O Oenema , D Oudendag , GL Velthof 2007. Nutrient losses from manure management in the European Union. Livestock Science 112, 261272.

CW Ritz , BD Fairchild , MP Lacy 2004. Implications of ammonia production and emissions from commercial poultry facilities: a review. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 13, 684692.

A Sharpley , B Foy , P Withers 2000. Practical and innovative measures for the control of agricultural phosphorus losses to water: an overview. Journal of Environmental Quality 29, 19.

JT Sims , NJ Luka-McCafferty 2002. On-farm evaluation of aluminum sulfate (alum) as a poultry amendment: effects on litter properties. Journal of Environmental Quality 31, 20662073.

DR Smith , PA Moore Jr, DM Miles , BE Haggard , TC Daniel 2004. Decreasing phosphorus runoff losses from land-applied poultry litter with dietary modifications and alum addition. Journal of Environmental Quality 33, 22102216.

AS Tasistro , CW Ritz , DE Kissel 2007. Ammonia emissions from broiler litter: response to bedding materials and acidifiers. British Poultry Science 48, 399405.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

animal
  • ISSN: 1751-7311
  • EISSN: 1751-732X
  • URL: /core/journals/animal
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: