An JY, Zheng JX, Li JY, Zeng D, Qu LJ, Xu GY, Yang N 2010. Effect of myofiber characteristics and thickness of perymisium and endomysium on meat tenderness of chickens. Poultry Science 89, 1750–1754.
Association of Official Analytical Chemists 1990. Official methods of analysis of AOAC, 15th edition, AOAC, Washington, DC, USA.
Baeza E, Dessay C, Wacreinier N, Marché G, Listrata A 2002. Effect of selection for improved body weight and composition on muscle and meat characteristics in Muscovy duck. British Poultry Science 43, 560–568.
Baeza E, Salichon MR, Marché G, Wacrenier N, Dominguez B, Culioli J 2000. Effects of age and sex on the structural, chemical and technological characteristics of Mule ducks meat. British Poultry Science 41, 300–307.
Barton L, Marounek M, Kudrna V, Bures D, Zahradkova R 2008. Growth, carcass traits, chemical composition and fatty acid profile in beef from Charolais and Simmental bulls fed different types of dietary lipids. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 88, 2622–2630.
Berri C 2004. Breeding and quality of poultry. In Poultry meat processing and quality (ed. GC Mead), pp. 21–37. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge UK.
Berri C, Wacrenier N, Millet N, Le Bihan-Duval E 2001. Effect of selection for improved body composition on muscle and meat characteristics of broilers from experimental and commercial lines. Poultry Science 80, 833–838.
Berri C, Le Bihan-Duval E, Baeza E, Chartrin P, Picgirard L, Jehal N, Quentin M, Picard M, Duclos MJ 2005. Further processing characteristics of breast and leg meat from fast-, medium- and slow-growing commercial chickens. Animal Research 54, 123–134.
Castellini C, Mugnai C, Dal Bosco A 2002. Effect of organic production system on broiler carcass and meat quality. Meat Science 60, 219–225.
Castellini C, Berri C, Le Bihan-Duval E, Martino G 2008. Qualitative attributes and consumer perception of organic and free-range poultry meat. World’s Poultry Science Journal 64, 500–512.
CIE 1978. International Commission on Illumination, recommendations on uniform colour spaces, colour difference equations, psychometric colour terms. Bureau Central de la C.I.E., Paris. C.I.E. Publication [No.15 (E-1.3.1) 1971/ (TO-1.3) ] suppl. 15.
Christopherson SW, Glass RL 1969. Preparation of milk methyl esters by alcoholysis in an essentially non-alcoholic solution. Journal of Dairy Science 52, 1289–1290.
Debut M, Berri C, Baéza E, Sellier N, Arnould C, Guémené D, Jehal N, Boutten B, Jego Y, Beaumont C, Le Bihan-Duval E 2003. Variation of chicken technological meat quality in relation to genotype and pre-slaughter stress condition. Poultry Science 82, 1829–1838.
Delpech P, Dumont BL, Nefzaoui A 1983. Influence du rationnement et du patrimoine génétique de poulets sur les charactéristiques physico-chimiques et sensorielles de la viande à différents ages. In Proceedings of the 6th European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat, pp. 21–27, Ploufragan, France.
European Commission 1991. Commission Regulation (EEC) No 1538/91 of 5 June 1991. Introducing detailed rules for implementing Regulation (EEC) No 1906/90 on certain marketing standards for poultry meat. Official Journal of European Union L 143, 1–38.
European Commission 1999. Council Regulation (EC) No. 1804/99 of July 1999 amending Regulation No 2092/91 on organic production of agricultural products and indications referring thereto on agricultural products and foodstuffs to include livestock production. Official Journal of European Union L 222, 1–28.
European Commission 2007. Council Regulation (EC) No. 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products and repealing Regulation (EEC) no 2092/91. Official Journal of European Union L 189, 1–23.
Fanatico AC, Cavitt LC, Pillai PB, Emmert JL, Owens CM 2005a. Evaluation of slower growing broiler genotypes grown with and without outdoor access: meat quality. Poultry Science 84, 1785–1790.
Fanatico AC, Pillai PB, Cavitt LC, Owens CM, Emmert JL 2005b. Evaluation of slower growing broiler genotypes grown with and without outdoor access: growth performance and carcass yield. Poultry Science 84, 1321–1327.
Fletcher DL 2002. Poultry meat quality. World’s Poultry Science Journal 58, 131–145.
Folch J, Lees M, Sloane-Stanley GH 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 22, 497–509.
Gordon SH, Charles DR 2002. Niche and organic chicken products. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK.
Grey TC, Robinson D, Jones JM, Stock SW, Thomas NL 1983. Effect of age and sex on the composition of muscle and skin from commercial broiler strain. British Poultry Science 24, 219–231.
Havenstein GB, Ferket PR, Qureshi MA 2003. Carcass composition and yield of 1957 vs 2001 broilers when fed representative 1957 and 2001 broiler diets. Poultry Science 82, 509–1518.
Jeacocke RE 1977. Continuous measurement of the pH of beef muscle in intact beef carcasses. Journal of Food Technology 12, 375–386.
Kolar K 1990. Colorimetric determination of hydroxyproline as measure of collagen content in meat and meat products: NMKL collaborative study. Association of Official Analytical Chemists Journal 73, 54–57.
Laszczyk-Legendre A 1999. Label Rouge traditional free range poultry: a concept including quality, environment and welfare. In Proceedings of 14th European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat. vol. 1, pp. 255–264. Bologna, Italy.
Le Bihan-Duval E, Berri C, Baeza E, Millet N, Beaumont C 2001. Estimation of the genetic parameters of meat characteristics and of their genetic correlations with growth and body composition in an experimental broiler line. Poultry Science 80, 839–843.
Lepetit J 2008. Collagen contribution to meat toughness: theoretical aspects. Meat Science 80, 960–967.
Lonergan SM, Deeb N, Fedlet CA, Lamont SJ 2003. Breast meat quality and composition in unique chicken populations. Poultry Science 82, 1990–1994.
Magdelaine P, Spiess MP, Valceschini E 2008. Poultry meat consumption trends in Europe. World’s Poultry Science Journal 64, 53–63.
Ministero delle Politiche Agricole e Forestali 2001. Decreto 29 marzo 2001: Modificazione dell’allegato I del decreto ministeriale 4 agosto 2000, in materia di attuazione del regolamento CEE n. 1804/99 del 19 luglio 1999, sul metodo delle produzioni animali biologiche. Gazzetta Ufficiale 182 del 07-08-2001.
Papinaho PA, Fletcher DL 1996. The effect of stunning amperage and deboning time on early rigor development and breast meat quality of broilers. Poultry Science 75, 672–676.
Ponte PIP, Alves SP, Bessa RJB, Ferriera LMA, Gama LT, Brás JLA, Fontes CMGA, Prates JAM 2008. Influence of pasture intake on the fatty acid composition, and cholesterol, tocopherols, and tocotrienols content in meat from free-range broilers. Poultry Science 87, 80–88.
Quentin M, Bouvarel I, Berri C, Le Bihan-Duval E, Baeza E, Jego Y, Picard M 2003. Growth, carcass composition and meat quality response to dietary concentrations in fast-, medium- and slow-growing commercial broilers. Animal Research 52, 65–77.
Rizzi C, Marangon A, Chiericato GM 2007. Effect of genotype on slaughtering performance and meat physical and sensory characteristics of organic laying hens. Poultry Science 86, 128–135.
Rymer C, Givens DI 2006. Effect of species and genotype on the efficiency of enrichment of poultry meat with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Lipids 41, 445–451.
SAS 1988. SAS/STAT Guide for personal computers, Version 6.03 edition. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
Touraille C, Ricard FP, Kopp J, Valin C, Leclerq B 1981. Chicken meat quality. 2 Changes with age of some physical chemical and sensory characteristics of the meat. Archiv für Geflügelkunde 45, 97–104.
World’s Poultry Science Association. Working Group No. 5 1984. Method of dissection of broiler carcases and description of parts (ed. J Fris Jensen), Frederiksberg Copenhagen, Denmark, Papworth Everard, Cambridge, UK.