Al-Rabadi, GJ, Torley, PJ, Williams, BA, Bryden, WL, Gidley, MJ 2011. Effect of extrusion temperature and pre-extrusion particle size on starch digestion kinetics in barley and sorghum grain extrudates. Animal Feed Science and Technology 168, 267–279.
ASAE (American Society of Agricultural Engineers) 1985. Methods of determining and expressing fineness of feed materials by sieving. American society of agricultural engineers standard S 319. American Society of Agricultural Engineers Yearbook Standards, ASAE, St Joseph, MI, USA.
Anguita, M, Gasa, J, Martín-Orúe, SM, Pérez, JF 2006. Study of the effect of technological processes on starch hydrolysis, non-starch polysaccharides solubilization and physicochemical properties of different ingredients using a two-step in vitro system. Animal Feed Science and Technology 129, 99–115.
Annison, G, Topping, DL 1994. Nutritional role of resistant starch: chemical structure and physiological function. Annual Review of Nutrition 14, 297–320.
Araya, H, Contreras, P, Alviña, M, Vera, G, Pak, N 2002. A comparison between an in vitro method to determine carbohydrate digestion rate and the glycemic response in young men. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 56, 735–739.
AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemistry) 2000. Official methods of analysis, 17th edition. AOAC, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
Bach Knudsen, KE 2011. Triennial growth symposium: effect of polymeric carbohydrates on growth and development in pigs. Journal of Animal Science 89, 1965–1980.
Behall, KM, Scholfield, DJ, Hallfrisch, J 2002. Plasma glucose and insulin reduction after breads varying in amylose content. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 56, 913–920.
Björck, I, Liljeberg, H, Ostman, E 2000. Low glycemic-index foods. British Journal of Nutrition 83, 149–155.
Blasel, HM, Hoffman, PC, Shaver, RD 2006. Degree of starch access: an enzymatic method to determine starch degradation potential of corn grain and corn silage. Animal Feed Science and Technology 128, 96–107.
Buyse, J, Janssens, K, van der Geyten, S, vas As, P, Decuypere, E, Darras, VM 2002. Pre- and post-prandial changes in plasma hormone and metabolite levels and hepatic deiodinase activities in meal-fed broiler chicken. British Journal of Nutrition 88, 641–653.
Chung, HJ, Shin, DH, Lim, ST 2008. In vitro starch digestibility and estimated glycemic index of chemically modified corn starches. Food Research International 41, 579–585.
Cummings, JH, Englyst, HN 1995. Gastrointestinal effects of food carbohydrate. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 61, S938–S945.
Deng, J, Wu, X, Bin, S, Li, TJ, Huang, R, Liu, Z, Liu, Y, Ruan, Z, Deng, Z, Hou, Y, Yin, YL 2010. Dietary amylose and amylopectin ratio and resistant starch content affect plasma glucose, lactic acid, hormone levels and protein synthesis in splanchnic tissues. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 94, 220–226.
Dona, AC, Pages, G, Gilbert, RG, Kuchel, PW 2010. Digestion of starch: in vivo and in vitro kinetics models used to characterize oligosaccharide or glucose release. Carbohydrate Polymers 80, 599–617.
Dona, AC, Pages, G, Gilbert, RG, Kuchel, PW 2011. Starch granule characterization by kinetic analysis of their stages during enzymic hydrolysis: 1H nuclear magnetic resonance studies. Carbohydrate Polymers 83, 1775–1786.
Englyst, HN, Kingman, SM, Cummings, JH 1992. Classification and measurement of nutritionally important starch fractions. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46, S33–S50.
Englyst, HN, Veenstra, J, Hudson, GJ 1996. Measurement of rapidly available glucose (RAG) in plant foods: a potential in vitro predictor of the glycaemic response. British Journal of Nutrition 75, 327–337.
European Community (EC) 1986. Council directive of 24 November 1986 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States regarding the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes. 1986/609/European Community Official Journal L358, 1–28.
Gallant, DJ, Bouchet, B, Buleon, A, Perez, S 1992. Physical characteristic of starch granule and susceptibility to enzymatic degradation. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46, S3–S13.
Garsetti, M, Vinoy, S, Lang, V, Holt, S, Loyer, S, Brand-Miller, JC 2005. The glycemic and insulinemic index of plain sweet biscuits: relationship to in vitro starch digestibility. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 24, 441–447.
Germaine, KA, Samman, S, Fryirs, CG, Griffiths, PJ, Johnson, SK, Quail, KJ 2008. Comparison of in vitro starch digestibility methods for predicting the glycaemic index of grain foods. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 88, 652–658.
Goñi, I, Garcia-Alonso, A, Saura-Calixto, F 1997. A starch hydrolysis procedure to estimate glycemic index. Nutrition Research 17, 427–437.
Granfeldt, Y, Drews, A, Björck, I 1994. Arepas made from high amylose corn flour produce favorable low glucose and insulin responses in healthy humans. Journal of Nutrition 125, 459–465.
Hasjim, J, Lavau, GC, Gidley, MJ, Gilbert, RG 2010. In vivo and in vitro starch digestion: are current in vitro techniques adequate? Biomacromolecules 11, 3600–3608.
Hooda, S, Matte, JJ, Vasanthan, T, Zjilstra, RT 2010. Dietary oat beta-glucan reduces peak net glucose flux and insulin production and modulates plasma incretin in portal-vein catheterized grower pigs. Journal of Nutrition 140, 1564–1591.
Jenkins, DJA, Wolever, TMS, Taylor, RH, Barker, H, Fielden, H, Baldwin, JM 1981. Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 34, 362–366.
Lee, PC, Brooks, SP, Kim, O, Heitlinger, LA, Lebenthal, E 1985. Digestibility of native and modified starches: in vitro studies with humans and rabbit pancreatic amylases and in vivo studies in rabbits. Journal of Nutrition 115, 93–103.
Lee, TT, Huang, YF, Chiang, CC, Chung, TK, Chiou, PWS, Yu, B 2011. Starch characteristics and their influences on in vitro and pig prececal starch digestion. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 59, 7353–7359.
Li, TJ, Dai, QZ, Yin, YL, Zhang, J, Huang, RL, Ruan, Z, Deng, Z, Xie, M 2008. Dietary starch sources affect net portal appearance of amino acids and glucose in growing pigs. Animal 2, 723–729.
Ludwig, DS 2002. The glycemic index: physiological mechanisms relating to obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Journal of the American Medical Association 287, 2414–2423.
Mahasukhonthachat, K, Sopade, PA, Gidley, MJ 2010. Kinetics of starch digestion in sorghum as affected by particle size. Journal of Food Engineering 96, 18–28.
Masoero, F, Gallo, A, Zanfi, C, Giuberti, G, Spanghero, M 2010. Chemical composition and rumen degradability of three corn hybrids treated with insecticides against the European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis). Animal Feed Science and Technology 155, 25–32.
Mateos, GG, Martin, F, Latorre, MA, Vicente, B, Lázaro, R 2007. The effect of inclusion of oat hulls in pig diets based on raw or cooked rice and maize. Animal Feed Science and Technology 135, 100–112.
Medel, P, Latorre, MA, de Blas, JC, Lázaro, R, Mateos, GG 2004. Heat processing of cereals in mash or pellet diets for young pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology 113, 127–140.
Menoyo, D, Serrano, MP, Barrios, V, Valencia, DG, Lázaro, R, Argente, J, Mateos, GG 2011. Cereal type and heat processing of cereal affect nutrient digestibility and dynamics of serum insulin and ghrelin in weanling pigs. Journal of Animal Science 89, 2793–2800.
Monro, JA, Mishra, S 2010. Database values for food-based dietary control of glycaemia. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 23, 406–410.
Morand, C, Rémésy, C, Levrat, MA, Demigé, C 1992. Replacement of digestible wheat starch by resistant corn starch alters splanchnic metabolism in rats. Journal of Nutrition 122, 345–354.
Murray, SM, Patil, AR, JrFahey, GC, Merchen, NR, Wolf, BW, Lai, CS, Garleb, KA 1998. Apparent digestibility of a debranched amylopectin-lipid complex and resistant starch incorporated into enteral formulas fed to ileal-cannulated dogs. Journal of Nutrition 128, 2032–2035.
Noah, L, Krempf, M, Lecannu, G, Maugére, P, Champ, M 2000. Bioavailability of starch and postprandial changes in splanchnic glucose metabolism in pigs. American Journal of Physiology, Endocrinology and Metabolism 278, 181–188.
Noblet, J, Bontems, V, Tran, G 2003. Estimation de la valeur énergétique des aliments pour le porc. INRA Productions Animales 16, 197–210.
Nutrient requirements for swine (NRC) 1998. NRC, 10th edition. Academic Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Parada, J, Aguilera, JM 2011. Review: starch matrices and the glycemic response. Food Science and Technology International 17, 187–204.
Reader, D, Johnson, ML, Hollander, P, Franz, M 1997. The Elycemic and Insulinemic response of resistant starch in a food bar vs. two commercially available bars in person with type II diabetes mellitus (abstract). Diabetes 46, 254A.
Regmi, PR, Matte, JJ, van Kempen, TATG, Zijlstra, RT 2010. Starch chemistry affects kinetics of glucose absorption and insulin response in swine. Livestock Science 134, 44–46.
Regmi, PR, van Kempen, TATG, Matte, JJ, Zijlstra, RT 2011. Starch with high amylose and low in vitro digestibility increases short-chain fatty acid adsorption, reduces peak insulin secretion, and modulates incretin secretion in pigs. Journal of Nutrition 19, 1–8.
SAS (Statistical Analytical System) 2003. SAS/SAT guide for personal computers, version 9.13. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
Sáyago-Ayerdi, SG, Tovar, J, Osorio-Dìaz, P, Paredes-López, O, Bello-Pérez, LA 2005. In vitro starch digestibility and predicted glycemic index of corn tortilla, black beans, and tortilla-bean mixture: effect of cold storage. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 53, 1281–1285.
Singh, J, Dartois, A, Kaur, L 2010. Starch digestibility in food matrix: a review. Trends in Food Science and Technology 21, 168–180.
Sajilata, MG, Singhal, RS, Kulkarni, PS 2006. Resistant starch – a review. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 5, 1–17.
Stevnebø, A, Sahlström, S, Svihus, B 2006. Starch structure and degree of starch hydrolysis of small and large starch granules from barley varieties with varying amylose content. Animal Feed Science and Technology 130, 23–38.
Sun, T, Lærke, HN, Jørgensen, H, Bach Knudsen, KE 2006. The effect of extrusion cooking of different starch sources on the in vitro and in vivo digestibility in growing pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology 131, 66–85.
Svihus, B, Uhlen, AK, Harstad, OM 2005. Effect of starch granule structure, associated components and processing on nutritive value of cereal starch: a review. Animal Feed Science and Technology 122, 303–320.
Tester, RF, Qi, X, Karkalas, J 2006. Hydrolysis on native starches with amylases. Animal Feed Science and Technology 130, 39–54.
Thorne, MJ, Thompson, LU, Jenkins, DJ 1983. Factors affecting starch digestibility and the glycemic response with special reference to legumes. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 38, 481–488.
van Kempen, TATG, Pujol, S, Tibble, S, Balfagon, A 2007. In vitro characterization of starch digestion and its implications for pigs. In Paradigms in pig science (ed. J Wiseman, MA Varley, S McOrist and B Kemp), pp. 515–525. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK.
van Kempen, TATG, Regmi, PR, Matte, JJ, Zijlstra, RT 2010. In vitro starch digestion kinetics, corrected for estimated gastric emptying, predict portal glucose appearance in pigs. Journal of Nutrition 140, 1227–1233.
Vicente, B, Valencia, DG, Pérez-Serrano, M, Lázaro, R, Mateos, GG 2008. The effects of feeding rice in substitution of corn and the degree of starch gelatinization of rice on the digestibility of dietary components and productive performance of young pigs. Journal of Animal Science 86, 119–126.
Vicente, B, Valencia, DG, Serrano, PM, Lázaro, R, Mateos, GG 2009. Effect of feeding rice and the degree of starch gelatinization of rice on nutrient digestibility and ileal morphology of young pigs. British Journal of Nutrition 101, 1278–1281.
Weurding, RE, Veldman, A, Venn, WAG, van der Aar, PJ, Verstegen, MWA 2001. In vitro starch digestion correlates well with rate and extent of starch digestion in broiler chickens. Journal of Nutrition 131, 2336–2342.
Wolever, TM, Jenkins, DJ, Jenkins, AL, Josse, RG 1991. The glycemic index: methodology and clinical implication. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 54, 846–854.
Wolever, TMS, Vorster, HH, Björck, I, Brand Miller, J, Brighenti, F, Mann, JI, Ramdath, DD, Granfeldt, Y, Holt, S, Perry, TL, Venter, C, Wu, X 2003. Determination of the glycemic index of foods: interlaboratory study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 57, 475–482.