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Practice on castration of piglets in Europe

  • B. Fredriksen (a1), M. Font i Furnols (a2), K. Lundström (a3), W. Migdal (a4), A. Prunier (a5), F. A. M. Tuyttens (a6) and M. Bonneau (a5)...
Abstract

PIGCAS (Attitudes, practices and state of the art regarding piglet castration in Europe) is to our knowledge the first project that has focused on castration practice across European countries (European Union minus Bulgaria, Malta and Romania, plus Norway and Switzerland). About 250 million pigs are slaughtered in Europe each year. Of the 125 million male pigs, approximately 20% are left entire, less than 3% are castrated with anaesthesia and the rest is castrated without anaesthesia. The study identified large variations in castration procedures, both within and between countries. In females, castration is very rare, but is practiced without anaesthesia in special breeds/production systems in some of the southern countries.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
E-mail: Bente.Fredriksen@animalia.no
References
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von Borell EB, Baumgartner J, Giersing M, Jäggin N, Prunier A, Tuyttens FAM, Edwards SA 2009. Animal welfare implications of surgical castration and its alternatives in pigs. Animal (in press).
Campbell RG 2007. Improving the eating quality of pork: an Australian perspective. Proceedings of the 10th Annual Langford Food Industry Conference, School of Veterinary Science, Langford, 23–24 May 2007, pp. 5–8.
European Community 2001. Council Directive 2001/93/EC, amending Council Directive 91/630/EEC laying down minimum standards for the protection of pigs. Official Journal L 316 (1 December 2001), pp. 36–38.
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) 2004. Welfare aspects of the castration of piglets. Scientific Report of the Scientific Panel for Animal Health and Welfare on a request from the commission related to welfare aspects of the castration of piglets. EFSA – AHAW/04–087, Parma, Italy.
Fredriksen B, Lundström K, Migdal W, Prunier A, Tuyttens F, Bonneau M 2008. Assessment of the extent of the practice of castration and how it is performed in different European countries. Report of PIGCAS WP2: Practice. PIGCAS Project, Sine Loco.
Fredriksen B, Nafstad O 2006. Surveyed attitudes, perceptions and practices in Norway regarding the use of local anaesthesia in piglet castration. Research in Veterinary Science 81, 293295.
Jäggin N, Gerber S, Schatzmann U 2006. General anaesthesia, analgesia and pain associated with the castration of newborn piglets. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 48 (suppl. 1), 2730. doi: 10.1186/1751-0147-48-S1-S12.
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Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture and Food 2003. Regulation 2003-02-18 nr 175: Regulations on Housing of Swine. Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Oslo, Norway.
Prunier A, Bonneau M, von Borell EB, Cinotti S, Gunn M, Fredriksen B, Giersing M, Morton DB, Tuyttens FAM, Velarde A 2006. A review of the welfare consequences of surgical castration in piglets and evaluation of non-surgical methods. Animal Welfare 15, 277289.
Spoolder HAM, Baltussen WHM 2008. PIGCAS Stakeholder Congress. Research Report 103, pp. 138. Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Taylor AA, Weary DM 2000. Vocal responses of piglets to castration: identifying procedural sources of pain. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 70, 1726.
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animal
  • ISSN: 1751-7311
  • EISSN: 1751-732X
  • URL: /core/journals/animal
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