Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Concentrations and source variations of n-alkanes in a 21 m ice core and snow samples at Belukha glacier, Russian Altai mountains

  • Takayuki Miyake (a1), Fumio Nakazawa (a2), Hiroshi Sakugawa (a3), Nozomu Takeuchi (a4), Koji Fujita (a5), Keiichi Ohta (a6) and Masayoshi Nakawo (a7)...
Abstract

Ice-core and snow samples collected on Belukha glacier, Russian Altai mountains, were analyzed for n-alkanes by gas chromatography. On the basis of the total concentrations (T-HCs), carbon preference index (CPI) values and the plant wax contributions (WaxC n ), it is suggested that mountain glaciers on the Asian continent received higher loading of n-alkanes from natural and anthropogenic sources than the Greenland ice sheet. It appears that the loading and variation of n-alkanes on glaciers in the Altai are approximately the same as those of the mountain in general, because the concentrations, CPI values and WaxC n percentages of n-alkanes in Sofiyskiy glacier, also in the Russian Altai, are at the same levels as or slightly greater than those in ice-core and snow samples from Belukha glacier. It seems that the n-alkanes on Belukha glacier are derived mainly from higher plant wax and petroleum exhaust other than from diesel engines. Vertical profiles of T-HCs and CPI values of n-alkanes show that the non-WaxC n portions and T-HCs have recently increased with a decrease in CPI values on Belukha glacier. A similar trend of n-alkanes was reported for Sofiyskiy glacier, indicating that the influence of human activities has gradually increased around the Altai.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Concentrations and source variations of n-alkanes in a 21 m ice core and snow samples at Belukha glacier, Russian Altai mountains
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Concentrations and source variations of n-alkanes in a 21 m ice core and snow samples at Belukha glacier, Russian Altai mountains
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Concentrations and source variations of n-alkanes in a 21 m ice core and snow samples at Belukha glacier, Russian Altai mountains
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Delmas, R.J. 1992. Environmental information from ice cores. Rev. Geophys., 30(1), 121.
Fujii, Y. and 10 others. 2002. Outline of Japan–Russia joint glaciological research on Sofiyskiy Glacier, Russian Altai Mountains in 2000 and 2001. Bull. Glaciol. Res., 19, 5358.
Fujita, K., Takeuchi, N., Aizen, V. and Nikitin, S.. 2004. Glaciological observations on the plateau of Belukha Glacier in the Altai Mountains, Russia from 2001 to 2003. Bull. Glaciol. Res., 21, 5764.
Greenland Ice-Core Project (GRIP) Members. 1993. Climate instability during the last interglacial period recorded in the GRIP ice core. Nature, 364(6434), 203207.
Iizuka, Y. and 6 others. 2004. Chemical characteristics in a 22-m ice core on the Belukha Glacier, Russia. Polar Meteorol. Glaciol., 18, 114120.
Kameda, T. and 6 others. 2003. Seasonality of isotopic and chemical species and biomass burning signals remaining in wet snow in the accumulation area of Sofiyskiy Glacier, Russian Altai Mountains. Polar Meteorol. Glaciol., 17, 1524.
Kang, S. and 7 others. 2002. Glaciochemical records from a Mt. Everest ice core: relationship to atmospheric circulation over Asia. Atmos. Environ., 36(21), 33513361.
Kang, S.C., Mayewski, P.A., Qin, D.H., Sneed, S.A., Ren, J.W. and Zhang, D.Q.. 2004. Seasonal differences in snow chemistry from the vicinity of Mt. Everest, central Himalayas. Atmos. Environ., 38(18), 28192829.
Kawamura, K. and Kaplan, I.R.. 1986. Biogenic and anthropogenic organic compounds in rain and snow samples collected in southern California. Atmos. Environ., 20(1), 115124.
Kawamura, K. and Suzuki, I.. 1991. Lipid class compounds in the Greenland ice core samples: a preliminary result. Bull. Glacier Res., 9, 6570.
Kawamura, K., Suzuki, I., Fujii, Y. and Watanabe, O.. 1994. Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the ice core samples from Greenland. Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Meteorol. Glaciol., 8, 129139.
Legrand, M. and Mayewski, P.. 1997. Glaciochemistry of polar ice cores: a review. Rev. Geophys., 35(3), 219243.
Lin, J.J. and Lee, L.-C.. 2004. Characterization of n-alkanes in urban submicron aerosol particles (PM1). Atmos. Environ., 38(19), 29832991.
Masclet, P., Hoyau, V., Jaffrezo, J.L. and Cachier, H.. 2000. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon deposition on the ice sheet of Greenland. Part I. Superficial snow. Atmos. Environ., 34(19), 31953207.
Matsumoto, G. and Hanya, T.. 1980. Organic constituents in atmospheric fallout in the Tokyo area. Atmos. Environ., 14(12), 14091419.
Miyake, T. and 8 others. 2005. Concentrations, deposition rates and source variations of n-alkanes in Sofiyskiy Glacier, Russian Altai Mountains. Bull. Glaciol. Res., 22, 8187.
Nakazawa, F. and 8 others. 2004. Application of pollen analysis to dating of ice cores from lower-latitude glaciers. J. Geophys. Res., 109(F4), 4001. (10.1029/2004JF000125.)
Schneider, J.K., Gagosian, R.B., Cochrane, J.K. and Trull, T.W.. 1983. Particle size distributions of n-alkanes and 210Pb in aerosols off the coast of Peru. Nature, 304(5925), 429432.
Seinfeld, J.H. and Pandis, S.N.. 1998. Atmospheric chemistry and physics: from air pollution to climate change. New York, John Wiley and Sons.
Seppälä, M. 2004. Wind as a geomorphic agent in cold climates. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Shoji, H., Clausen, H.B. and Kameda, T.. 1991. Accumulation rate at Site-J and Dye-2, Greenland. Bull. Glacier Res., 9, 8588.
Simoneit, B.R.T. 1984. Organic matter of the troposphere. III: Characterization and sources of petroleum derived and pyrogenic residues in aerosols over the western United States. Atmos. Environ., 18(1), 51–67.
Simoneit, B.R.T. 1989. Organic matter of the troposphere. V: Application of molecular marker analysis to biogenic emissions into the troposphere for source reconciliations. J. Atmos. Chem., 8(3), 251275.
Simoneit, B.R.T. 2002. Biomass burning – a review of organic tracers for smoke from incomplete combustion. Appl. Geochem., 17(3), 129162.
Simoneit, B.R.T. and Mazurek, M.A.. 1982. Organic matter of the troposphere. II: Natural background of biogenic lipid matter in aerosols over the rural western United States. Atmos. Environ., 16(9), 21392159.
Simoneit, B.R.T., Chester, R. and Eglinton, G.. 1977. Biogenic lipids in particulates from the lower atmosphere over the eastern Atlantic. Nature, 267(5613), 582685.
Simoneit, B.R.T., Sheng, G., Chen, X., Fu, J., Zhang, J. and Xu, Y.. 1991. Molecular marker study of extractable organic matter in aerosols from urban areas of China. Atmos.Environ.,25A(11), 21112129.
Watanabe, O. and 10 others. 2003. General tendencies of stable isotopes and major chemical constituents of the Dome Fuji deep ice core. Nat. Inst. Polar Res. Mem., 57, Special Issue, 124.
Xie, S., Yao, T., Kang, S., Xu, Q., Duan, K. and Thompson, L.G.. 2000. Geochemical analyses of a Himalayan snowpit profile: implications for atmospheric pollution and climate. Org. Geochem., 31(1), 1523.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Annals of Glaciology
  • ISSN: 0260-3055
  • EISSN: 1727-5644
  • URL: /core/journals/annals-of-glaciology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 12 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 37 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 14th September 2017 - 19th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.