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Daytime preservation of surface-hoar crystals

  • Akihiro Hachikubo (a1) and Eizi Akitaya (a1)
Abstract

Surface hoar growing for several clear and humid days were observed. During daytime, air and snow-surface temperature increased and relative humidity decreased, hence evaporation (sublimation) occurred at the snow surface. The amount of evaporation calculated using a bulk-transfer method suggests that the surface-hoar crystals which grew during the previous night should have disappeared but they were observed to survive on the snow surface even during the daytime. During the following night, new surface-hoar crystals formed on top of the older ones and grew even larger. This result indicates that, although the surface-hoar crystals evaporated into the air during the daytime, snow grains beneath the surface were warmed by solar radiation and evaporated to the air. They may partially condense into the surface-hoar crystals and make up for the reduction in size. Depth-hoar crystals formed beneath the snow surface for several days and the surface layer, composed of both types of hoar crystal, showed a very weak shear strength.

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Annals of Glaciology
  • ISSN: 0260-3055
  • EISSN: 1727-5644
  • URL: /core/journals/annals-of-glaciology
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