Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Dome Concordia ice microstructure: impurities effect on grain growth

  • Jérôme Weiss (a1), Jérôme Vidot (a1), Michel Gay (a1), Laurent Arnaud (a1), Paul Duval (a1) and Jean Robert Petit (a1)...
Abstract

We present a detailed analysis of the microstructure in the shallow part (100–580m) of the European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA) ice core at Dome Concordia. In the Holocene ice, the average grain-size increases with depth. This is the normal grain-growth process driven by a reduction of the total grain-boundary energy. Deeper, associated with the Holocene–Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) climatic transition, a sharp decrease of the average grain-size is observed. to explain modifications to the microstructure with climatic change, we discuss the role of soluble and insoluble (microparticles) impurities in the grain-growth process of Antarctic ice, coupled with an analysis of the pinning of grain boundaries by microparticles. Our data indicate that high soluble impurity content does not necessarily imply a slowing-down of grain-growth kinetics, whereas the pinning of grain boundaries by dust particles located along the boundaries does explain modifications to the microstructure (small grain-sizes; change in grain-size distributions, etc.) observed in volcanic ash layers or dusty LGM ice.Moreover, classical mean-field models of grain-boundary pinning are in good quantitative agreement with the evolution of grain-size along the EPICA ice core. This suggests a major role for dust in the modification of shallow polar ice microstructure.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Dome Concordia ice microstructure: impurities effect on grain growth
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Dome Concordia ice microstructure: impurities effect on grain growth
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Dome Concordia ice microstructure: impurities effect on grain growth
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Abbruzzese, G. and Lucke, K.. 1992. Theory of grain growth in the presence of second phase particles. Mater. Sci. Forum , 94–96, 597604.
Alley, R.B. and Woods., G.A. 1996. Impurity influence on normal grain growth in the GISP2 ice core, Greenland. J. Glaciol., 42(141), 255260.
Alley, R.B., Perepezko, J.H. and Bentley, C.R.. 1986a. Grain growth in polar ice: I. Theory. J. Glaciol., 32(112), 415424.
Alley, R.B., Perepezko, J.H. andBentley, C.R.. 1986b. Grain growth in polar ice: II. Application. J. Glaciol., 32(112), 425433.
Alley, R.B., Perepezko, J.H. and Bentley., C.R. 1988. Long-term climate changes from crystal growth. Nature, 332(6165), 592593.
Alley, R.B., Gow, A. J. and Meese., D.A. 1995. Mappin. c-axis fabrics to study physical processes in ice. J. Glaciol., 41(137), 197203.
Anderson, M.P., Grest, G. S. and Srolovitz., D.J. 1989. Computer simulation of normal grain growth in three dimensions. Philos.Mag. B, 59(3), 293329.
Arnaud, L., J.Weiss,M. Gay and Duval, P.. 2000. Shallow-ice microstructure at Dome Concordia, Antarctica. Ann. Glaciol., 30, 812.
Barnes, P. R.F.,Mulvaney, R., K.Robinsonand E.W.Wolff. 2002. Observations of polar ice from the Holocene and the glacial period using the scanning electron microscope. Ann. Glaciol., 35 (see paper in this volume).
Burke, J.E. and D.Turnbull. 1952. Recrystallization and grain growth. Prog. Metal Phys., 3, 220292.
De La Chapelle, S., Castelnau, O., Lipenkov, V. and Duval, P..1998. Dynamic recrystallization and texture development in ice as revealed by the study of deep ice cores in Antarctica and Greenland. J. Geophys. Res. , 103(B3), 50915105.
Delmonte, B., J.-R. Petit and Maggi, V.. 2002. Glacial to Holocene implications of the new 27. 00. year dust record from the EPICA Dome C (East Antarctica) ice core. Climate Dyn., 18(8), 647660.
Duval, P. and Castelnau, O.. 1995. Dynamic recrystallization of ice in polar ice sheets. J. Phys. (Paris), IV(5), Colloq. C3,197205. (Supplément au 3.)
Duval, P. and Lorius, C.. 1980. Crystal size and climatic record down to the last ice age from Antarctic ice. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 48(1), 5964.
Fisher, D.A. and R.M.Koerner. 1986. on the special rheological properties of ancient microparticle-laden Northern Hemisphere ice as derived from bore-hole and core measurements. J. Glaciol., 32(112), 501510.
Gay, M. and J.Weiss. 1999. Automatic reconstruction of polycrystalline ice microstructure from image analysis: application to the EPICA ice core at Dome Concordia, Antarctica. J. Glaciol., 45(151), 547554.
Gottstein, G.,Molodov, D. A. and Shvindlerman., L.S. 1998. Grainboundary mobility in metals: the current status. In Weil and, H., B. L. Adams and Rollett, A.D., eds. Grain growth in polycrystalline materials III.Warrendale, PA, the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 373386.
Gow, A. J. 1969. On the rates of growth of grains and crystals in South Polar firn. J. Glaciol., 8(53), 241252.
Gow, A.J. and Williamson, T.. 1976. Rheologicalimplications of the internal structure and crystal fabrics of the West Antarctic ice sheet as revealed by deep core drilling at Byrd Station. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 87(12), 16651677.
Higgins, G. T. 1974. Grain boundary migration and grain growth. Metal Sci., 8, 143150.
Hillert, M. 1965. On the theory of normal and abnormal grain growth. Acta Metall., 13, 227238.
Humphreys, F.J. and Hatherly, M.. 1996. Recrystallization and related annealing phenomena. Oxford, etc., Pergamon Press.
Jouzel, J. and 1 others. 2001. A new 27 kyr high resolution East Antarctic climate record. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(16), 31993202.
Li, Jun, Jacka, T. H. and Morgan, V.. 1998. Crystal-size and microparticle record in the ice core from Dome Summit South, Law Dome, East Antarctica. Ann. Glaciol., 27, 343348.
Lucke, K. and Detert, K.. 1957. A quantitative theory of grain-boundary motion and recrystallization in metals in the presence of impurities. Acta Metall., 5, 628637.
Lucke, K. and Stuwe., H.P. 1971. On the theory of impurity controlled grain boundary motion. Acta Metall., 19, 10871099.
Montagnat, M. and 6 others. 2001. High crystalline quality of large single crystals of subglacial ice above Lake Vostok (Antarctica) revealed by hard X-ray diffraction. C.R. Acad. Sci. (Série IIa), 333(8), 419425.
Petit, J.R., Duval, P. and Lorius, C.. 1987. Long-term climatic changes indicated by crystal growth in polar ice. Nature, 326(6108), 6264.
Petit, J.R., Duval, P. and Lorius, C.. 1988. Reply to comment on ``Long-term climate changes from crystal growth’’. Nature , 332(6165), 593.
Petit, J.R. and 1 others. 1999. Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica. Nature, 399(6735), 429436.
Ralph, B., 1990. Grain growth. Mater. Sci.Technol., 6, 11391144.
Riege, S.P., Thompson, C.V. and Frost., H.J. 1998. the effect of particle-pinning on grain size distributions in 2D simulations of grain growth. In Weiland, H., B. L. Adams and Rollett, A.D., eds. Grain growth in polycrystalline materials III. Warrendale, PA, the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 295301.
Röthlisberger, R. 2000. Chemische Spuren in antarktischen Eis: Resultate des EPICA-Eisbohrkerns von Dom Concordia. (Ph.D. thesis, University of Bern.)
Schwander, J., Jouzel, J., Hammer, C.U., Petit, J.R., Udisti, R. and Wolff, E.. 2001. A tentative chronology for the EPICA Dome Concordia ice core. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(22), 42434246.
Smith, C. S. 1948. Grains, phases, and interfaces: an interpretation of microstructure. Trans.Metall. Soc. AIME 175,1551.
Song, X.,Liu, G. and Gu, N.. 2000. Simulation of the influence of the quantity of second-phase particles on grain growth. Z.Metallkd., 91(3), 227231.
Steffensen, J. P. 1997. the size distribution of microparticles from selected segments of the GRIP ice core representing different climatic periods. J. Geophys. Res. , 102(C12), 26,755–26,763.
Tweed, C.J., Nansen, N. and Ralph, B.. 1982. Grain growth in samples of aluminium containing alumina particles. Metall.Trans., Ser. A ,14, 22352243.
Weygand, D. 1998. Simulation numérique de la croissance des grains. (Thèse de doctorat, Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble.)
Weygand, D.,Bréchet, Y., Lépinoux, J. and Gust, W.. 1998. Three dimensional grain growth: a vertexdynamics simulation. Philos. Mag. B, 79(5), 703716.
Wolff, E., Basile, I., J.-R. Petit and Schwander, J.. 1999. Comparison of Holocene electrical records from Dome C andVostok, Antarctica. Ann. Glaciol., 29, 8993.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Annals of Glaciology
  • ISSN: 0260-3055
  • EISSN: 1727-5644
  • URL: /core/journals/annals-of-glaciology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed