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Fast computation of a viscoelastic deformable Earth model for ice-sheet simulations

  • Ed Bueler (a1), Craig S. Lingle (a2) and Jed Brown (a1)
Abstract

The model used by Lingle and Clark (1985) to approximate the deformation of the Earth under a single ice stream is adapted to the purposes of continent-scale ice-sheet simulation. The model combines a layered elastic spherical Earth (Farrell, 1972) with a viscous half-space overlain by an elastic plate lithosphere (Cathles, 1975). For the half-space model we identify a new mathematical formulation, essentially a time-dependent partial differential equation, which generalizes and improves upon the standard elastic plate lithosphere with relaxing asthenosphere model widely used in ice-sheet simulation. The new formulation allows a significantly faster numerical strategy, a spectral collocation method based directly on the fast Fourier transform. We verify this method by comparing to an integral formula for a disk load. We also demonstrate that the magnitudes of numerical errors made in approximating coupled ice-flow/Earth-deformation systems are significantly smaller than pairwise differences between several Earth models. Our implementation of the Lingle and Clark (1985) model offers important features of spherical, layered, self-gravitating, viscoelastic Earth models without the computational expense.

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References
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Annals of Glaciology
  • ISSN: 0260-3055
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