Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Refinement of MPS method for practical application to snow avalanches

  • Yoshihiko Saito (a1), Hirotaka Kato (a2), Masaya Otsuki (a1), Ichiro Kimura (a2), Yasuyuki Shimizu (a2) and Evgeny Isenko (a1)...

Abstract

This paper considers the possible commercial viability of applying the moving particle semi-implicit (MPS) method to avalanches. The MPS method is a powerful tool for reproducing the flow phenomenon with large-scale surface deformation. In order to apply this method to snow avalanches, we modified the original model to introduce constitutive equations of Bingham fluid, dilatant fluid and the erosion–deposition process. The modified model was applied to some cases and evaluated through comparison with experimental results and observed data.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Refinement of MPS method for practical application to snow avalanches
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Refinement of MPS method for practical application to snow avalanches
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Refinement of MPS method for practical application to snow avalanches
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Dent, JD and Lang, TE (1983) A biviscous modified Bingham model of snow avalanche motion. Ann. Glaciol., 4, 42–46
Gauer, P and Issler, D (2004) Possible erosion mechanisms in snow avalanches. Ann. Glaciol., 38, 384–392 (doi: 10.3189/172756404781815068)
Gauer, P and 7 others (2007) On full-scale avalanche measurements at the Ryggfonn test site, Norway. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., 49(1), 39–53 (doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2006.09.010)
Hutter, K, Koch, T, Plüss, C and Savage, SB (1995) The dynamics of avalanches of granular materials from initiation to runout: Part II. Laboratory experiments. Acta Mech., 109, 127–165
Kamiishi, I, Oda, K, Moriguchi, S, Sawada, K, Yashima, A and Machida, T (2010) Observation of avalanche motion in Chuetsu area and verification of fluid dynamics model. In Summaries: Japanese Society of Snow and Ice (JSSI) & Japan Society for Snow Engineering (JSSE) Joint Conference on Snow and Ice Research, 2010, Sendai, Japan [in Japanese] http://www.seppyo.org/jcsir/
Kern, M, Tiefenbacher, F and McElwaine, J (2004) The rheology of snow in large chute flows. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., 39(2–3), 181–192 (doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2004.03.006)
Koshizuka, S and Oka, Y (1996) Moving-particle semi-implicit method for fragmentation of incompressible fluid. Nucl. Sci. Eng., 123(3), 421–434
Nishimura, K (1990) Studies on the fluidized snow dynamics. Contrib. Inst. Low Temp. Sci., Ser. A 37
Oda, K, Moriguchi, S, Kamiishi, I, Yashima, A, Sawada, K and Sato, A (2011) Simulation of a snow avalanche model test using computational fluid dynamics. Ann. Glaciol., 52(58), 57–64 (doi: 10.3189/172756411797252284)
Sovilla, B, Schaer, M and Rammer, L (2008) Measurements and analysis of full-scale avalanche impact pressure at the Vallée de la Sionne test site. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., 51(2–3), 122–137 (doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2007.05.006)
Tai, YC, Wang, Y, Gray, JMNT and Hutter, K (1999) Methods of similitude in granular avalanche flows. In Hutter, K, Wang, Y and Beer , H eds. Advances in cold-region thermal engineering and sciences: technological, environmental, and climatological impact. (Lecture Notes in Physics 533) Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 415–428

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed