Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Temperature reconstruction from glacier length fluctuations in the Himalaya

  • Argha Banerjee (a1) and Mohd Farooq Azam (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

A temperature reconstruction in the glacierized Himalaya over the past centuries using glacial length fluctuation records is challenging due to the abundance of debris-covered glaciers and a scarcity of glacial length fluctuation data. Using idealized flowline model simulations, we show that supraglacial debris cover significantly alters the length fluctuations only when the debris cover is very thick. An expanded database of length fluctuation records for 43 glaciers in the Himalaya and Karakoram is compiled and a standard linear inversion procedure is applied to a subset of 34 glaciers in this database. The reconstructed temperature anomaly during 1860-2010 indicates a continued warming of the region with a total temperature change of ~1.6 K. A close resemblance of the regional temperature anomaly to global trends is seen.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Temperature reconstruction from glacier length fluctuations in the Himalaya
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Temperature reconstruction from glacier length fluctuations in the Himalaya
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Temperature reconstruction from glacier length fluctuations in the Himalaya
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
Correspondence: Argha Banerjee <argha@iiserpune.ac.in>
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

S Adhikari and P Huybrechts (2009) Numerical modelling of historical front variations and the 21st century evolution of glacier AX010, Nepal Himalaya. Ann. Glaciol., 50(52), 2734 (doi: 10.3189/172756409789624346)

S Adhikari , SJ Marshall and P Huybrechts (2011) On characteristic timescales of glacier AX010 in the Nepalese Himalaya. Bull. Glaciol. Res., 29, 1929 (doi: 10.5331/bgr.29.19)

Y Ageta and K Higuchi (1984) Estimation of mass balance components of a summer-accumulation type glacier in the Nepal Himalaya. Geogr. Ann. A, 249255 (doi: 10.2307/520698)

MF Azam and 10 others (2012) From balance to imbalance: a shift in the dynamic behaviour of Chhota Shigri Glacier (western Himalaya, India). J. Glaciol., 58, 315324 (doi: 10.3189/2012JoG11J123)

SR Bajracharya and P Mool (2009) Glaciers, glacial lakes and glacial lake outburst floods in the Mount Everest region, Nepal. Ann. Glaciol., 50(53), 8186 (doi: 10.3189/172756410790595895)

R Bali , KK Agarwal , SN Ali and P Srivastava (2010) Is the recessional pattern of Himalayan glaciers suggestive of anthropogenically induced global warming? Arab. J. Geosci., 4, 10871093 (doi: 10.1007/s12517-010-0155-9)

R Bali , SN Ali , KK Agarwal , SK Rastogi , K Krishna and P Srivastava (2013) Chronology of late Quaternary glaciation in the Pindar valley, Alaknanda Basin, Central Himalaya (India). J. Asian Earth Sci., 66, 224233 (doi: 10.101 6/j.jseaes.2O13.01.011)

A Baneijee and R Shankar (2014) Estimating the avalanche contribution to the mass balance of debris covered glaciers. Cryosphere Discuss., 8(1), 641657 (doi: 10.51 94/tcd-8-641-2014)

E Berthier , Y Arnaud , R Kumar , S Ahmad , P Wagnon and P Chevallier (2007) Remote sensing estimates of glacier mass balances in the Himachal Pradesh (western Himalaya, India). Remote Sens. Environ., 108, 327338 (doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2006.11.017)

R Bhambri , T Bolch , RK Chaujar and SC Kulshreshtha (2011) Glacier changes in the Garhwal Himalayas, India 1968-2006 based on remote sensing. J. Glaciol., 57(203), 543556 (doi: 10.31 89/002214311796905604)

R Bhambri , T Bolch , P Kawishwar , DP Dobhal , D Srivastava and B Pratap (2013) Heterogeneity in glacier response in the upper Shyok Valley, northeast Karakoram. Cryosphere, 7, 13851398 (doi: 10.51 94/tc-7-1385-2013)

T Bolch , T Pieczonka and DI Benn (2011) Multi-decadal mass loss of glaciers in the Everest area (Nepal Himalaya) derived from stereo imagery. Cryosphere, 5, 349358, (doi: 10.5194/tc-5-349-2011)

T Bolch and 11 others (2012) The state and fate of Himalayan glaciers. Science, 336, 310314 (doi: 10.1126/science.1215828)

B Bookhagen and DW Burbank (2010) Toward a complete Himalayan hydrological budget: spatiotemporal distribution of snowmelt and rainfall and their impact on river discharge. J. Geophys. Res., 115, F03019 (doi: 10.1029/2009JF001426)

AP Dimri and SK Dash (2012) Wintertime climatic trends in the western Himalayas. Climatic Change, 111(3-4), 775800 (doi: 10.1007/s10584-011-0201-y)

K Fujita (2008) Effect of precipitation seasonality on climatic sensitivity of glacier mass balance. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 276(1), 1419 (doi: 10.101 6/j.epsl.2008.08.028)

P Gantayat , AV Kulkarni and J Srinivasan (2014) Estimation of ice thickness using surface velocities and slope: case study at Gangotri Glacier, India. J. Glaciol., 60(220), 277 (doi: 10.3189/2014JoG13J078)

J Gardelle , E Berthier and Y Arnaud (2012) Slight mass gain of Karakoram glaciers in the early 21 st century. Nature Geosci., 5, 322325 (doi: 10.1038/ngeo1450)

J Gardelle , E Berthier , Y Arnaud and A Kääb (2013) Region-wide glacier mass balances over the Pamir-Karakoram-Himalaya during 1999-2011. Cryosphere, 7, 12631286 (doi: 10.5194/tc-7-1263-2013)

K Hewitt (2011) Glacier change, concentration, and elevation effects in the Karakoram Himalaya, upper Indus basin. Mt. Res. Dev., 31, 188200

S Hou and 9 others (2007) Summer temperature trend over the past two millennia using air content in Himalayan ice. Climate Past, 3, 17

W Immerzeel (2008) Historical trends and future predictions of climate variability in the Brahmaputra basin. Int. J. Climatol., 28, 243254 (doi: 10.1002/joc.1528)

A Kääb , E Berthier , C Nuth , J Gardelle and Y Arnaud (2012) Contrasting patterns of early 21st century glacier mass change in the Himalaya. Nature, 488(7412), 495498 (doi: 10.1038/nature11324)

JS Kargel , JG Cogley , GJ Leonard , U Haritashya and A Byers (2011) Himalayan glaciers: the big picture is a montage. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA (PNAS), 108(36), 1470914710 (doi: 10.1073/pnas.1111663108)

E Klok and J Oerlemans (2003) Deriving historical equilibrium-line altitudes from a glacier length record by linear inverse modelling. Holocene, 13(3), 343351 (doi: 10.11 91/0959683603hl627rp)

PW Leclercq and J Oerlemans (2012) Global and hemispheric temperature reconstruction from glacier length fluctuations. Climate Dyn., 38(5-6), 10651079 (doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1145-7)

VGJ Leysinger , MJ Siegert and AJ Payne (2004) Reconstructing ice-sheet accumulation rates at ridge B, East Antarctica. Ann. Glaciol, 39, 326330 (doi: 10.3189/172756404781814519)

TG Longstaff (1910) Dr. Longstaff’s Himalayan expedition, 1909. Geogr. J., 35, 6465

MP Lüthi (2014) Little Ice Age climate reconstruction from ensemble reanalysis of Alpine glacier fluctuations. Cryosphere, 8(2), 639650 (doi: 10.5194/tc-8-639-2014)

MP Lüthi , A Bauder and M Funk (2010) Volume change reconstruction of Swiss glaciers from length change data. J. Geophys. Res., 115, F04022 (doi: 10.1029/2010JF001 695)

PA Mayewski and PA Jeschke (1979) Himalayan and Trans-Himalayan glacier fluctuations since AD 1812. Arct. Alp. Res., 11(3), 267287

CP Morice , JJ Kennedy , NA Rayner and PD Jones (2012) Quantifying uncertainties in global and regional temperature change using an ensemble of observational estimates: the HadCRUT4 dataset. J. Geophys. Res., 117, D08101 (doi: 10.1029/2011JD017187)

J Oerlemans (2005). Extracting a climate signal from 169 glacier records. Science, 308(5722), 675677 (doi: 10.1126/science.1107046)

P Pandey and G Venkatraman (2013) Changes in the glaciers of Chandra-Bhaga basin, Himachal Himalaya, India, between 1980 and 2010 measured using remote sensing. Int. J. Remote Sens., 34(15), 55845597 (doi: 10.1109/ICARSS.2011.6049898)

B Pratap , DP Dobhal , M Mehta and R Bhambri (2015) Influence of debris cover and altitude on glacier surface melting: a case study on Dokriani Glacier, central Himalaya, India. Ann. Glaciol., 56(70), 916 (doi: 10.31 89/201 5AoG70A971)

A Racoviteanu , Y Arnaud , M Williams and WF Manley (2014) Spatial patterns in glacier area and elevation changes from 1962 to 2006 in the monsoon-influenced eastern Himalaya. Cryo-sphere Discuss., 8, 39493998 (doi: 10.5194/tcd-8-3949-2014)

JW Ren , PF Jing , JC Pu and X Qin (2006) Glacier variations and climate change in the central Himalaya over the past few decades. Ann. Glaciol., 43, 218222 (doi: 10.3189/172756406781812230)

D Scherler , B Bookhagen and MR Strecker (2011) Hillslope-glacier coupling: the interplay of topography and glacial dynamics in High Asia. J. Geophys. Res., 116, F02019 (doi: 10.1029/2010JF001751)

S Schmidt and M Nüsser (2009) Fluctuations of Raikot Glacier during the past 70 years: a case study from the Nanga Parbat massif, northern Pakistan. J. Glaciol., 55(194), 949959 (doi: 10.3189/002214309790794878)

AB Shrestha , CP Wake , PA Mayewski , and JE Dibb (1999) Maximum temperature trends in the Himalaya and its vicinity: an analysis based on temperature records from Nepal for the period 1971-94. J. Climate, 12(9), 27752786 (doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1999)012<2775:MTTITH>2.0.CO;2)

AB Shrestha , CP Wake , JE Dibb and PA Mayewski (2000) Precipitation fluctuations in the Nepal Himalaya and its vicinity and relationship with some large scale climatological parameters. Int. j. Climatol., 20(3), 317327

D Steiner and 6 others (2008) Sensitivity of European glaciers to precipitation and temperature - two case studies. Climate Change, 90, 413441 (doi: 10.1007/s10584-008-9393-1)

L Tian and 7 others (2003) Oxygen-18 concentrations in recent precipitation and ice cores on the Tibetan Plateau. J. Geophys. Res., 108(D9), 4293 (doi: 10.1029/2002JD002173)

C Vincent and 10 others (2013). Balanced conditions or slight mass gain of glaciers in the Lahaul and Spiti region (northern India, Himalaya) during the nineties preceded recent mass loss. Cryosphere, 7, 569582 (doi: 10.5194/tc-7-569-2013)

P Wagnon and 10 others (2007) Four years of mass balance on Chhota Shigri Glacier, Himachal Pradesh, India, a new benchmark glacier in the western Himalaya. J. Glaciol., 53, 603611 (doi: 10.3189/002214307784409306)

P Wagnon and 11 others (2013) Seasonal and annual mass balances of Mera and Pokalde glaciers (Nepal Himalaya) since 2007. Cryosphere, 7, 17691786 (doi: 10.5194/tc-7-1769-2013)

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Annals of Glaciology
  • ISSN: 0260-3055
  • EISSN: 1727-5644
  • URL: /core/journals/annals-of-glaciology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 172 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 164 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.