Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

ADORNMENT, RITUAL AND IDENTITY: INSCRIBED MINOAN JEWELLERY

  • Josephine Verduci (a1) and Brent Davis (a1)

Abstract

In this paper, we re-examine inscribed items of Minoan jewellery in the light of the increasing number of studies on ancient eastern Mediterranean jewellery and its meanings. We reach a fourfold conclusion. First: as these objects, with one exception, are clearly associated with adult females, while the exception (a ring) cannot be affiliated with a particular gender or age, inscribed Minoan jewellery seems so far to lie mostly outside the purview of men. Second: these objects were almost certainly used to construct and broadcast the elite identity (and perhaps authority) of the people who wore them. Third: the objects may also have served as apotropaic amulets and/or symbols of rites of passage for their wearers, thus expressing certain rituals associated with the lives of the people who wore them. Fourth: inscribed items of Minoan jewellery may have played an active role in linking elite Minoan (and particularly elite Minoan female) identity and authority to the divine.

Στολισμός, λατρεία και ταυτότητα: ενεπίγραφα Μινωικά κοσμήματα

Στο προκείμενο άρθρο, εξετάζουμε εκ νέου επιλεγμένα ενεπίγραφα Μινωικά κοσμήματα αντικείμενα υπό το φως του διαρκώς αυξανόμενου αριθμού μελετών με επίκεντρο την ανατολική Μεσογειακή τέχνη του κοσμήματος και της σημασίας της. Καταλήγουμε στα εξής τέσσερα συμπεράσματα. Πρώτον, καθώς τα εν λόγω αντικειμένα (εξαιρουμένου ενός) σχετίζονται σαφέστατα με ενήλικες γυναίκες, ενώ το κατ᾽ εξαίρεσιν αντικείμενο (ένα δακτυλίδι) δεν μπορεί να ταυτιστεί με συγκεκριμένο φύλο ή ηλικία, τα ενεπίγραφα Μινωικά κοσμήματα δεν σχετίζονται κατά κύριο λόγο με άνδρες. Δεύτερον, τα αντικείμενα αυτά χρησιμοποιήθηκαν για να κατασκευάσουν και να μεταδώσουν την ταυτότητα της άρχουσας τάξης (και πιθανώς την εξουσία) των ανθρώπων που τα φορούσαν. Τρίτον, τα αντικείμενα πιθανώς λειτουργούσαν ως αποτροπαϊκά φυλακτά και/ή σύμβολά διαβατήριων τελετών για τους φορείς τους, εκφράζοντας ως εκ τούτου ορισμένες τελετουργίες σχετιζόμενες με τον τρόπο ζωής των ανθρώπων που τα φορούσαν. Τέταρτον, τα ενεπίγραφα αντικείμενα της Μινωικής τέχνης του κοσμήματος πιθανώς είχαν συμβάλει στη σύνδεση της ταυτότητας και της εξουσίας της Μινωικής άρχουσας τάξης (και ιδιαιτέρως των μελών της γυναικείας άρχουσας τάξης) με το θείο.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Alexiou, S. 1975. ‘Cleansing of silver objects in the new laboratory in the Heraklion Museum’, Ἀρχαιολογικὰ Ἀνάλεκτα ἐξ Ἀθηνῶν 8, 138–9.
Alexiou, S. and Brice, W.C. 1972. ‘A silver pin from Mavro Spelio with an inscription in Linear A: Her. Mus. 540’, Kadmos 11, 113–24.
Alexiou, S. and Brice, W.C. 1976. ‘A silver pin from Platanos with an inscription in Linear A: Her. Mus. 498’, Kadmos 15, 1827.
Bielefeld, E. 1968. Schmuck (Archaeologia Homerica I.C; Göttingen).
Blinkenberg, C. 1926. Fibules grecques et orientales (Copenhagen).
Boardman, J. 1970. ‘Cypriot finger rings’, Annual of the British School at Athens 65, 515.
Boardman, J. 2001. Greek Gems and Finger Rings: Early Bronze Age to Late Classical (London).
Branigan, K. 1974. Aegean Metalwork of the Early and Middle Bronze Age (Oxford).
Braunstein, S.L. 2011. ‘The meaning of Egyptian-style objects in the Late Bronze cemeteries of Tell el-Farʿah (South)’, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 364, 136.
Brice, W.C. 1997. ‘Notes on the Cretan Hieroglyphic script VII’, Kadmos 36, 93–6.
Buchholz, H.-G. 1970. ‘Ägäische Kunst gefälscht’, Acta Praehistorica et Archaeolgia 1, 113–35.
Buchholz, H.-G. and Karageorghis, V. 1973. Prehistoric Greece and Cyprus: An Archaeological Handbook (London).
Budge, E.A.W. 1961. Amulets and Talismans (New Hyde Park, NY).
Chapouthier, F. 1938. ‘Inscription hiéroglyphique gravée sur un bloc de calcaire’, Bulletin de correspondance hellénique 62, 104–9.
Davaras, C. 1975. ‘Early Minoan jewellery from Mochlos’, Annual of the British School at Athens 70, 101–14.
Davaras, C. 1980. ‘ΚΔ' Εφορεία Προϊστορικών και Κλασικών Αρχαιοτήτων: Μίλατος’, Ἀρχαιολογικὸν Δελτίον 35, 521–3.
Davis, B. 2014. Minoan Stone Vessels with Linear A Inscriptions (Aegaeum 36; Leuven).
Davis, E.N. 1986. ‘Youth and age in the Thera frescoes’, American Journal of Archaeology 90, 399406.
Day, J. 2011. ‘Crocuses in context: A diachronic survey of the crocus motif in the Aegean Bronze Age’, Hesperia 80, 337–79.
Demargne, P. 1945. Fouilles exécutées a Mallia: Exploration des necrópoles (1921–1933) (Études Crétoises 7; Athens).
Dimopoulou-Rethemiotaki, N. and Rethemiotakis, G. 1978. “Υστερομινωικό νεκροταφείο στο Μετόχι Καλού Ηρακλείου”, Ἀρχαιολογικòν Δελτίον 33, 40109.
Doumas, C. 1992. The Wall Paintings of Thera (Athens).
Duhoux, Y. 1977. Le disque de Phaestos. Archéologie, épigraphie, édition critique, index (Louvain).
Effinger, M. 1996. Minoischer Schmuck (British Archaeological Reports International Series 646; Oxford).
Evans, A.J. 1900. ‘Mycenaean Cyprus as illustrated in the British Museum excavations’, Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 30, 199220.
Evans, A.J. 1906. ‘Prehistoric tombs of Knossos’, Archaeologia 59, 391563.
Evans, A.J. 1921–35. The Palace of Minos: A Comparative Account of the Successive Stages of the Early Cretan Civilization as Illustrated by the Discoveries at Knossos, 4 vols. (London).
Ferrara, S. 2012. Cypro-Minoan Inscriptions, vol. 1: Analysis (Oxford).
Forsdyke, E.J. 1926–7. ‘The Mavro Spelio cemetery at KnossosAnnual of the British School at Athens 28, 243–96.
Gansell, A.R. 2007. ‘Identity and adornment in the third-millennium bc Mesopotamian “Royal Cemetery” at Ur’, Cambridge Archaeological Journal 17, 2946.
Gjerstad, E. 1934. The Swedish Cyprus Expedition I (Stockholm).
Godart, L. 1979. ‘Le linéaire A et son environnement’, Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici 20, 2742.
Godart, L. 1995. Le disque de Phaistos: L'énigme d'une écriture (Athens).
Godart, L. and Olivier, J.-P. 1982. Recueil des inscriptions en linéaire A, vol. 4: Autres documents (Études Crétoises 21.4; Paris).
Godart, L. and Olivier, J.-P. 1985. Recueil des inscriptions en linéaire A, vol. 5: Addenda, corrigenda, concordances, index et planches des signes (Études Crétoises 21.5; Paris).
Golani, A. 2009a. ‘Metallic and non-metallic jewelry’, in Panitz-Cohen, N. and Mazar, A. (eds.), Excavations at Tel Beth-Shean 1989–1996, vol. 3: The 13th–11th Century bce Strata in Areas N and S (Jerusalem), 612–33.
Golani, A. 2009b. ‘The development, significance and function of jewelry and the evolution of the jeweler's craft in the land of Israel during the Iron Age II’ (unpublished PhD dissertation, Tel Aviv University).
Goring, E. 1989. ‘Death in everyday life: Aspects of burial practice in the Late Bronze Age’, in Peltenburg, E.J. (ed.), Early Society in Cyprus (Edinburgh), 95105.
Goring, E. 1996. ‘Jewelry from an intact tomb: Evidence from Bronze Age Cyprus’, in Calinescu, A. (ed.), Ancient Jewelry and Archaeology (Bloomington, IN), 2634.
Grajetzki, W. 2003. Burial Customs in Ancient Egypt: Life in Death for Rich and Poor (London).
Green, J.D.M. 2006. ‘Ritual and social structure in the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age southern Levant: The cemetery at Tell Es-Sa'idiyeh, Jordan’ (unpublished PhD dissertation, University College, London).
Günkel-Maschek, U. 2012. ‘The symbolic meaning of the olive branch as a head ornament’, in Nosch and Laffineur (eds.) 2012, 361–7.
Haas-Lebegyev, J. 2012. ‘Construction of gendered identity through jewellery’, in Nosch and Laffineur (eds.) 2012, 425–32.
Hallager, B.P. 2012. ‘Pins and buttons in Late Minoan III dresses?’, in Nosch and Laffineur (eds.) 2012, 353–9.
Harding, G.L. 1953. ‘Four tomb groups from Jordan: An Early Iron Age tomb from Madaba’, Palestine Exploration Fund Annual 4, 2733.
Hastings, H.R. 1905. ‘A Bronze-Age “pocket” From Avgo (Crete)’, American Journal of Archaeology 9, 277–87.
Hayden, B. 1998. ‘Practical and prestige technologies: The evolution of material systems’, Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 5, 155.
Helms, M.W. 1988. Ulysses' Sail: An Ethnographic Odyssey of Power, Knowledge, and Geographical Distance (Princeton, NJ).
Higgins, R.A. 1980a. Greek and Roman Jewellery, 2nd edn (London).
Higgins, R.A. 1980b. ‘Jewellery, seals and other finds’, in Popham, M.R., Sackett, L.H. and Themelis, P.G. (eds.), Lefkandi I: The Iron Age (text volume) (British School at Athens Supp. Vol. 11; London), 217–30.
Hnila, P. 2010. ‘Notes on the Authenticity of the Phaistos Disk’, in Novotná, M., Jobst, W., Dufková, M. and Kuzmová, K. (eds.), ANODOS: Studies of the Ancient World in Honour of Marie Dufková (Bratislava), 5966.
Holland, L.B. 1929. ‘Mycenaean plumes’, American Journal of Archaeology 33, 173205.
Hood, M.S.F. 1958. ‘Archaeology in Greece, 1958’, Archaeological Reports 5, 324.
Hood, S. 1971. The Minoans: Crete in the Bronze Age (London).
Hood, S. 1978. The Arts in Prehistoric Greece (Harmondsworth).
Hooker, J.T. 1979. The Origin of the Linear B Script (Minos Supp. Vol. 8; Salamanca).
Hutchinson, R.W. 1956. ‘A Late Minoan tomb at Knossos’, Annual of the British School at Athens 51, 6873.
Jacobsthal, P. 1956. Greek Pins and their Connections with Europe and Asia (Oxford).
Karageorghis, V. 1974. Excavations at Kition: The Tombs I (Nicosia).
Kilian-Dirlmeier, I. 1984. Nadeln der frühhelladischen bis archaischen Zeit von der Peloponnes (Munich).
Knapp, A.B. 1986. ‘Production, exchange and socio-political complexity on Bronze Age Cyprus’, Oxford Journal of Archaeology 5, 3560.
Knapp, A.B. 1996. ‘Power and ideology on prehistoric Cyprus’, in Hellström, P. and Alroth, B. (eds.), Religion and Power in the Ancient Greek World (Boreas 24; Uppsala), 925.
Konstantinidi, E.M. 2001. Jewellery Revealed in the Burial Contexts of the Greek Bronze Age (British Archaeological Reports International Series 912; Oxford).
Kopaka, K. (ed.) 2009. FYLO: Engendering Prehistoric ‘Stratigraphies’ in the Aegean and the Mediterranean (Aegaeum 30; Liège).
Krzyszkowska, O. 2005. Aegean Seals: An Introduction (London).
Lagarce, E. 1976. ‘Remarques sur l'utilisation des scarabées, scaraboïdes, amulettes et figurines de type égyptien à Chypre’, in Karageorghis, V., Clerc, G., Lagarce, E. and Leclant, J. (eds.), Fouilles de Kition II: Objets égyptiens et égyptisants (Nicosia), 167–82.
Legarra Herrero, B. 2011. ‘The secret lives of the Early and Middle Minoan tholos cemeteries: Koumasa and Platanos’, in Murphy, J.M.A. (ed.), Prehistoric Crete: Regional and Diachronic Studies on Mortuary Systems (Philadelphia), 4984.
McEnroe, J.C. 2010. Architecture of Minoan Crete: Constructing Identity in the Aegean Bronze Age (Austin).
Marinatos, S. 1967. Kleidung, Haar- und Barttracht (Archaeologia Homerica I.A–B; Göttingen).
Masson, E. 1985. ‘Inscriptions et marques chypro-minoennes à Kition’, in Karageorghis, V. (ed.), Excavations at Kition II (Nicosia), 280–4.
Masson, E. 2002. ‘Cypro-Minoan scripts’, Zbornik Matice srpske za klasične studije 4–5, 7580.
Masson, O. 1957. ‘Cylindres et cachets chypriotes portants des caractères chypro-minoens’, Bulletin de correspondance hellénique 81, 637.
Megaw, A.H.S. 1953. ‘Archaeology in Cyprus, 1952’, Journal of Hellenic Studies 73, 135–6.
Meskell, L.M. 2003. ‘Memory's materiality: Ancestral presence, commemorative practice and disjunctive locales’, in Van Dyke, R.M. and Alcock, S.E. (eds.), Archaeologies of Memory (Malden, MA), 3455.
Meskell, L.M. and Joyce, R.A. 2003. Embodied Lives: Figuring Ancient Maya and Egyptian Experience (London).
Müller, W. 2005. ‘Gold rings on Minoan fingers’, in Bradfer-Burdet, I., Detournay, B. and Laffineur, R. (eds.), KPHΣ-TEXNITES. Recueil d'articles en l'honneur de Jean-Claude Poursat (Aegaeum 26; Liège), 171–6.
Murray, A.S., Smith, A.H. and Walters, H.B. 1900. Excavations in Cyprus (London).
Niemeier, B. 1990. ‘Cult scenes on gold rings from the Argolid’, in Hägg, R. and Nordquist, G.C. (eds.), Celebrations of Death and Divinity in the Bronze Age Argolid (Skrifter utgivna av Svenska Institutet i Athen [octavo series] 40; Stockholm), 165–70.
Nosch, M.-L. and Laffineur, R. (eds.) 2012. KOSMOS: Jewellery, Adornment and Textiles in the Aegean Bronze Age (Aegaeum 33; Liège).
Olivier, J.-P. 1982. ‘La bague en or de Mavro Spelio et son inscription en linéaire A’, in Hadermann-Misguich, L. and Raepsaet, G. (eds.), Rayonnement grec: Hommages à Charles Delvoye (Brussels), 1526.
Olivier, J.-P. 1986. ‘Cretan writing in the second millennium bc ’, World Archaeology 17, 377–89.
Olivier, J.-P. 2010. ‘Rapport 1996–2000 sur les textes en écriture Hiéroglyphique Crétoise, en Linéaire A et en Linéaire B’, Pasiphae 3, 187–97.
Olivier, J.-P., Godart, L. and Laffineur, R. 1981. ‘Une épingle Minoenne en or avec inscription en Linéaire A’, Bulletin de correspondance hellénique 105, 325.
Overbeck, G.F. 1989. ‘The cemeteries and the graves’, in Overbeck, J.C. (ed.), Ayia Irini: Period IV: the Stratigraphy and the Find Deposits (Keos VII.1; Mainz), 189204.
Palaima, T.G. 1989. ‘Cypro-Minoan scripts: Problems of historical context’, in Duhoux, Y., Palaima, T.G. and Bennet, J. (eds.), Problems in Decipherment (Bibliothèque des Cahiers de l'Institut de Linguistique de Louvain 49; Louvain-la-Neuve), 121–87.
Papaeuthymiou-Papanthimou, A. 1979. Σκεύη και σύνεργα του καλλωπισμού στον κρητομυκηναϊκό χώρο (Thessaloniki).
Peregrine, P. 1991. ‘Some political aspects of craft specialization’, World Archaeology 23, 111.
Persson, A.W. 1931. The Royal Tombs at Dendra near Midea (Lund).
Picón, C.A. 1983. ‘Bronze jewellery’, Classical Review 33, 100–2.
Pini, I. (ed.) 1992. Kleinere griechische Sammlungen, Supplementum 1A: Ägina-Korinth (Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel V.1A; Berlin).
Pini, I. 2010. Aegean and Cypro-Aegean Non-sphragistic Decorated Gold Finger Rings of the Bronze Age (Aegaeum 31; Liège).
Platon, N. 1951. ‘The Maza sanctuary (Kalo Chorio, Pediada) and Minoan peak sanctuaries’, Κρητικά Χρονικά 5, 96160.
Platon, N. and Pini, I. (eds.) 1984. Iraklion archäologisches Museum, 3: Die Siegel der Neupalastzeit (Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel II.3; Berlin).
Pomadère, M. 2012. ‘Dressing and adorning children in the Aegean Bronze Age’, in Nosch and Laffineur (eds.) 2012, 433–9.
Pope, M. 1956. ‘Cretan axe-heads with Linear A inscriptions’, Annual of the British School at Athens 51, 132–5.
Popham, M.R., Catling, E.A. and Catling, H.W. 1974. ‘Sellopoulo tombs 3 and 4, two Late Minoan graves near Knossos’, Annual of the British School at Athens 69, 195257
Popham, M.R., Sackett, L.H. and Themelis, P.G. 1979. Lefkandi I: The Iron Age (plates volume) (British School at Athens Supp. Vol. 11; London).
Pulak, C. 1988. ‘The Bronze Age shipwreck at Ulu Burun, Turkey’, American Journal of Archaeology 92, 137.
Pulak, C. 1998. ‘The Uluburun Shipwreck: An Overview’, International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 27, 188224.
Rehak, P. 1996. ‘Aegean breechcloths, kilts, and the Keftiu paintings’, American Journal of Archaeology 100, 3551.
Rehak, P. 2000. ‘The Isopata ring and the question of narrative in neopalatial glyptic’, in Müller, W. (ed.), Minoisch-mykenische Glyptik: Stil, Ikonographie, Funktion (Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Beiheft 6; Berlin), 269–75.
Rehak, P. 2009. ‘Some unpublished studies by Paul Rehak on gender in Aegean art (ed. John G. Younger)’, in Kopaka (ed.) 2009, 11–17.
Rehak, P. and Younger, J.G. 1998. ‘Review of Aegean prehistory VII: Neopalatial, Final Palatial, and Postpalatial Crete’, American Journal of Archaeology 102, 91173.
Ridgway, B.S. 1987. ‘Ancient Greek women and art: The material evidence’, American Journal of Archaeology 91, 399409.
Sakellarakis, J. A. 1967. ‘Minoan Cemeteries at Arkhanes’, Archaeology 20 (4), 276–81.
Sakellarakis, Y. and Sakellaraki, E. 1997. Archanes: Minoan Crete in a New Light, vol. 1 (Athens).
Schliemann, H. 1878. Mycenae: A Narrative of Researches and Discoveries at Mycenae and Tiryns (New York).
Schoep, I. 1999. ‘The origins of writing and administration on Crete’, Oxford Journal of Archaeology 18, 265–76.
Schoep, I. 2001. ‘Some notes on the “Hieroglyphic” deposit from Knossos’, Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici 43, 143–58.
Seager, R.B. 1912. Explorations in the Island of Mochlos (Boston, MA).
Shaw, M.C. 1998. ‘The painted plaster reliefs from Pseira’, in Betancourt, P.P. and Davaras, C. (eds.), Pseira II: Building AC (the ‘Shrine’) and Other Buildings in Area A (Philadelphia), 5576.
Sherratt, S. 2003. ‘Visible writing: Questions of script and identity in Early Iron Age Greece and Cyprus’, Oxford Journal of Archaeology 22, 225–42.
South, A.K., Goring, E., Moyer, C.J. and Russell, P. in press. Vasilikos Valley Project 4: Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios III: Tombs 9, 11–21 (Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology 71.4; Jonsered).
Televantou, C. 1984. “Κοσμήματα από την προϊστορική Θήρα”, Ἀρχαιολογικὴ Ἐφημερίς 1984, 1454.
Vagnetti, L. 1972. ‘Su alcuni spilloni di tipo Minoico dall'agorà di Atene’, Archeologia Classica 24, 364–71.
Vandenabeele, F. 1985. ‘La chronologie des documents en Linéaire A’, Bulletin de correspondance hellénique 109, 320.
Verduci, J. 2008. ‘Wasp-waisted Minoans: A study of the Minoan belt and body modification in antiquity’ (unpublished MA thesis, University of Melbourne).
Verduci, J. 2014. ‘Personal display in the Southern Levant and the question of cultural origins’, in Golani, A. and Wygnańska, Z. (eds.), Beyond Ornamentation (Polish Archaeology in the Mediterranean 23/2; Warsaw), 247–68.
Verduci, J. in press. ‘The Iron I/IIA jewellery from Tomb 1 at Tell eṣ-Ṣâfī/Gath, Israel’, in Maeir, A.M. (ed.) Tell es-Safi/Gath II: Report on the 2006–2011 Seasons (Ägypten und Altes Testament series; Wiesbaden).
Verlinden, C. 1984. Les statuettes anthropomorphes crétoises en bronze et en plomb, du IIIe millénaire au VIIe siècle av. J.-C. (Archaeologia Transatlantica 4; Louvain-la-Neuve).
Vermeule, E.T. 1959. ‘A gold Minoan double axe’, Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts 57, 416.
Vlachopoulos, A. 2008. ‘The wall paintings from the Xeste 3 building at Akrotiri: Towards an interpretation of the iconographic programme’, in Brodie, N., Doole, J., Gavalas, G. and Renfrew, C. (eds.), ORIZON: A Colloquium on the Prehistory of the Cyclades (Cambridge), 491506.
Voskos, I. and Knapp, A.B. 2008. ‘Cyprus at the end of the Late Bronze Age: Crisis and colonization or continuity and hybridization?’, American Journal of Archaeology 112, 659–84.
Walberg, G. 1978. The Kamares Style: Overall Effects (Boreas 10; Uppsala).
Webb, J.M. 2002. ‘Device, image and coercion: The role of glyptic in the political economy of Late Bronze Age Cyprus’, in Smith, J. (ed.), Script and Seal Use on Cyprus in the Bronze and Iron Ages (Archaeological Institute of America Colloquia and Conference Papers 4; Boston, MA), 111–54.
Whittaker, H. 2005. ‘Social and symbolic aspects of Minoan writing’, European Journal of Archaeology 8, 2941.
Xanthoudides, S. 1924. The Vaulted Tombs of the Mesara (Liverpool).
Young, W.J. 1959. ‘Technical examination of a Minoan gold double axe’, Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts 57, 1720.
Younger, J.G. 1977. ‘Non-sphragistic uses for Minoan-Mycenaean sealstones and rings’, Kadmos 16, 141–59.
Younger, J.G. 1988. The Iconography of Late Minoan and Mycenaean Sealstones and Finger Rings (Bristol).
Younger, J.G. 1992. ‘Representations of Minoan–Mycenaean jewellery’, in Laffineur, R. and Crowley, J.L. (eds.), EIKON: Aegean Bronze Age Iconography: Shaping a Methodology (Aegaeum 8; Liège), 257–94.
Younger, J.G. 2009. ‘“We are woman”: Girl, maid, matron in Aegean art’, in Kopaka (ed.) 2009, 207–213.
Younger, J.G. 2014. Linear A Texts in Phonetic Transcription. (Available online <http://people.ku.edu/~jyounger/LinearA/> accessed February 2015.)
Zervos, C. 1956. L'art de la Crète néolithique et minoenne (Paris).

ADORNMENT, RITUAL AND IDENTITY: INSCRIBED MINOAN JEWELLERY

  • Josephine Verduci (a1) and Brent Davis (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed