Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-4rdrl Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-14T05:54:06.293Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Angkor Wat: an introduction

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 December 2015

Roland Fletcher
Affiliation:
Department of Archaeology, University of Sydney, Quadrangle Building A14, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia (Email: roland.fletcher@sydney.edu.au)
Damian Evans
Affiliation:
l'École française d'Extrême-Orient, The Siem Reap Centre, Boeung Daun Pa, Slorkram, Siem Reap BP 93 300, Cambodia (Email: damian.evans@efeo.net)
Christophe Pottier
Affiliation:
l'École française d'Extrême-Orient, The Bangkok Centre, Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Center, 20 Borommaratchachonnani Road, Bangkok 10170, Thailand (Email: pottiersydney@gmail.com)
Chhay Rachna
Affiliation:
Angkor International Centre of Research and Documentation, APSARA National Authority, Siem Reap, Kingdom of Cambodia (Email: chhayrachna@gmail.com)

Abstract

The temple of Angkor Wat, visited annually by tens of thousands of tourists, is without question one of the great archaeological sites of mainland Southeast Asia. Less obvious to the casual visitor is that it was but a single element in a large dispersed city. The papers in this special section demonstrate how recent research using LiDAR, ground-penetrating radar and targeted excavation have transformed our understanding of Angkor Wat and its surroundings.

Type
Research
Copyright
Copyright © Antiquity Publications Ltd, 2015 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Briggs, L.P. 1999 [1951]. The ancient Khmer Empire. Bangkok: White Lotus.Google Scholar
Brotherson, D. 2015. The fortification of Angkor Wat. Antiquity 89: 1456–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cœdès, G. 1906. La stèle de Ta-Prohm. Bulletin de l’École française d'Extrême-Orient 6: 4486. http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/befeo.1906.4251 Google Scholar
Cœdès, G. 1920. A propos de la date d’édification d'Angkor Vat. Journal Asiatique 15: 96100.Google Scholar
Cœdès, G. 1929. Nouvelles données chronologiques et généalogiques sur la dynastie de Mahidhrarapura. Bulletin de l’École française d'Extrême-Orient 29: 297305.Google Scholar
Cœdès, G. 1940. La destination funéraire des grands monuments khmèrs. Bulletin de l’École française d'Extrême-Orient 40: 315–49.Google Scholar
Cœdès, G. 1941. La stèle du Práh Khan d'Angkor. Bulletin de l’École française d'Extrême-Orient 41: 255302. http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/befeo.1941.5711 Google Scholar
Cœdès, G. 1962. La date d'exécution des deux bas-reliefs tardifs d'Angkor Vat (with a note by J. Boisselier). Journal Asiatique 250: 235–48.Google Scholar
Cœdès, G. & Dupont, P.. 1943–1946. Les stèles de Sdok Kak Thom, Phnom Sandak et Práh Vihār. Bulletin de l’École française d'Extrême-Orient 43: 56154. http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/befeo.1943.5738 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, D. 2013. The archaeological landscape of Koh Ker, north-west Cambodia. Bulletin de l’École française d'Extrême-Orient 97–98: 91150.Google Scholar
Evans, D. & Fletcher, R.. 2015. The landscape of Angkor Wat redefined. Antiquity 89: 1402–19.Google Scholar
Evans, D.H., Pottier, C., Fletcher, R.J., Hensley, S., Tapley, I., Milne, A. & Barbetti, M.. 2007. A comprehensive archaeological map of the world's largest pre-industrial settlement complex at Angkor, Cambodia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 104: 14277–82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0702525104 Google Scholar
Evans, D.H., Fletcher, R.J., Pottier, C., Chevance, J.-B., Soutif, D., Suy, Tan Boun, Sokrithy, Im, Darith, Ea, Tina, Tin, Samnang, Kim, Cromarty, C., De Greef, S., Hanus, K., Bâty, P., Kuszinger, R., Shimoda, I. & Boornazian, G.. 2013. Uncovering archaeological landscapes at Angkor using LiDAR. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110: 12595–600. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1306539110 Google Scholar
Feneley, M. 2014. The context of the West Mebon Viṣṇu, in Klokke, M.J. & Degroot, V. (ed.) Materializing Southeast Asia's past: selected papers from the 12th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists, 2013: 140–55. Singapore: NUS Press.Google Scholar
Fletcher, R.J. 2009. Low-density, agrarian-based urbanism: a comparative view. Insights 2 (4): 119.Google Scholar
Fletcher, R.J. 2012. Low-density, agrarian-based urbanism: scale, power and ecology, in Smith, M.E. (ed.) The archaeology of complex societies: 285320. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Fletcher, R.J. & Pottier, C.. 2002. The gossamer city: a new inquiry. Museum International 54 (1–2): 2327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-0033.00360 Google Scholar
Fletcher, R.J., Barbetti, M., Evans, D., Than, Heng, Sokrithy, Im, Chan, Khieu, Penny, D., Pottier, C. & Somaneath, Tous. 2003. Redefining Angkor: structure and environment in the largest low density urban complex of the pre-industrial world. UDAYA, Journal of Khmer Studies 4: 107–25.Google Scholar
Gaucher, J. 2004. Angkor Thom, une utopie réalisée? Structuration de l'espace et modèle indien d'urbanisme dans le Cambodge ancien. Arts Asiatiques 59: 5886. http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/arasi.2004.1515 Google Scholar
Giteau, M. 1975. Iconographie du Cambodge post-angkorien (Publications de l’École française d'Extrême-Orient 100). Paris: l’École française d'Extrême-Orient.Google Scholar
Glaize, M. 1944. Les monuments du groupe d'Angkor. Saigon: Portail.Google Scholar
Greater Angkor Project. 2005. GAP preliminary report. The West Mebon. Siem Reap: Documentation Centre—APSARA National Authority.Google Scholar
Groslier, B.-P. 1974. Agriculture et religion dans l'Empire angkorien. Etudes rurales 53–56: 95117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Groslier, B.-P. 1979. La cité hydraulique angkorienne: exploitation ou surexploitation du sol? Bulletin de l’École française d'Extrême-Orient 66: 161202. http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/befeo.1979.4014 Google Scholar
Groslier, B.-P. 2006. Angkor and Cambodia in the sixteenth century according to Portuguese and Spanish sources. Bangkok: Orchid.Google Scholar
Higham, C. 2001. The civilisation of Angkor. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.Google Scholar
Jacques, C. 1978. Études d’épigraphie cambodgienne, X. Autour de quelques toponymes de l'inscription de Pràsàt Trapẵṅ Run K 598. La capitale angkorienne de Yaśovarman Ier à Sūryavarman Ier. Bulletin de l’École française d'Extrême-Orient 65: 281321.Google Scholar
Jacques, C. & Freeman, M.. 1997. Angkor: cities and temples. London: Thames & Hudson.Google Scholar
Jacques, C. & Lafond, P.. 2007. The Khmer Empire: cities and sanctuaries, fifth to thirteenth century. Bangkok: River.Google Scholar
Kak, S. 1999. The solar numbers in Angkor Wat. Indian Journal of History of Science 34: 117–26.Google Scholar
Lucero, L., Fletcher, R.J. & Coningham, R.. 2015. From ‘collapse’ to urban diaspora: the transformation of low-density, dispersed agrarian urbanism. Antiquity 89: 1139–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2015.51 Google Scholar
Marchal, H. 1928. Guide archéologique aux temples d'Angkor. Paris & Bruxelles: G. Van Oest.Google Scholar
Maxwell, S.T. 2008. The stele inscription of Preah Khan, Angkor: text with translation and commentary. UDAYA, Journal of Khmer Studies 8: 1114.Google Scholar
McGee, T.G. 1991. The emergence of the desakota regions in Asia: expanding a hypothesis, in Ginsburg, N., Poppel, B. & McGee, T.G. (ed.) The extended metropolis: 325. Honolulu: University of Hawaiʻi Press.Google Scholar
Moore, E. 1989. Water management in early Cambodia: evidence from aerial photography. The Geographical Journal 155: 204–14. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/635062 Google Scholar
O'Naghten, H.M. 2000. Les temples du Cambodge: architecture et espace sacré. Paris: Société Nouvelle Libraire Orientaliste Paul Geuthner.Google Scholar
Pottier, C. 1998. Elaboration d'une carte archéologique de la région d'Angkor, in Manguin, P.-Y. (ed.) Southeast Asian archaeology 1994: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists, Paris, 24th–28th October 1994 (volume 1): 179–94. Hull: Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, University of Hull.Google Scholar
Pottier, C. 2000. A la recherche de Goloupura. Bulletin de l’École française d'Extrême-Orient 87: 79107.Google Scholar
Pottier, C. 2003. Nouvelles recherches sur l'aménagement du territoire angkorien à travers l'histoire. Comptes-rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions Belles-Lettres 147: 427–49.Google Scholar
Pottier, C. 2006. Early urban settlements in Angkor, in International Conference on East Asian Architectural Culture—discussion papers: 133–39. Kyoto: Takahashi.Google Scholar
Pottier, C. 2012. Beyond the temples: Angkor and its territory, in Haendel, A. (ed.) Old myths, new approaches: interpreting ancient religious sites in Southeast Asia: 1227. Clayton: Monash University.Google Scholar
Roveda, V. 2002. Sacred Angkor. The carved reliefs of Angkor Wat. Bangkok: River.Google Scholar
Santi, P. 2008. À propos de l'origine des noms d'Angkor Vat et de Siem Reap. Siksacakr 10: 3950.Google Scholar
Sonnemann, T.S., O'Reilly, D., Rachna, Chhay, Fletcher, R.J. & Pottier, C.. 2015. The buried ‘towers’ of Angkor Wat. Antiquity 89: 1420–38.Google Scholar
Southworth, W. 2003. The date of Angkor Wat, in Karlström, A. & Källén, A. (ed.) Fishbones and glittering emblems: papers from EURASSEA 2002: 381–90. Stockholm: Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities.Google Scholar
Stark, M.T., Evans, D., Rachna, Chhay, Piphal, Heng & Carter, A.. 2015. Residential patterning at Angkor Wat. Antiquity 89: 1439–55.Google Scholar
Stencel, R., Gifford, F. & Moron, E.. 1976. Astronomy and cosmology at Angkor Wat. Science 193: 781–87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.193.4250.281 Google Scholar
Storey, G.R. 2006. Introduction, in Storey, G.R. (ed.) Urbanism in the pre-industrial world: cross-cultural approaches: 126. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.Google Scholar
Tan, N.H., Sokrithy, Im, Than, Heng & Chan, Khieu. 2014. The hidden paintings of Angkor Wat. Antiquity 88: 549–65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003598X00101176 Google Scholar
Thompson, A. 2004. Pilgrims to Angkor: a Buddhist ‘cosmopolis’ in Southeast Asia? Bulletin of the Department of Archaeology, Royal University of Fine Arts 3: 88119.Google Scholar
Walker-Vadillo, V. 2009. New boat paintings from Angkor Wat? International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 38: 421–23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-9270.2009.00242.x Google Scholar
Walker-Vadillo, V. 2014. A VOC ship in the walls of Angkor Wat? Poster presented at the 78th Annual Meeting of the SAA, Honolulu, Hawai‘i, 3–7 April 2013. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/4323625/A_VOC_in_the_walls_of_Angkor_Wat (accessed 06 October 2015).Google Scholar
Zhou, Daguan. Trans. 2007. A record of Cambodia: the land and its people (translated by R. Harris). Chiang Mai: Silkworm.Google Scholar