Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-7ccbd9845f-l8x48 Total loading time: 0.37 Render date: 2023-01-28T22:49:23.805Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Article contents

New optical and radiocarbon dates from Ngarrabullgan Cave, a Pleistocene archaeological site in Australia: implications for the comparability of time clocks and for the human colonization of Australia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2015

Bruno David
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology and Sociology, The University of Queensland, Queensland 4072, Australia. E-mail: b.david@mailbox.uq.oz.au
Richard Roberts
Affiliation:
School of Earth Sciences, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia. E-mail: georgr@lure.latrobe.edu.au
Claudio Tuniz
Affiliation:
Physics Division, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, PMB 1, Menai, NSW 2234, Australia. E-mail: tuniz@anpnt22.ansto.gov.au
Rhys Jones
Affiliation:
Division of Archaeology and Natural History, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.
John Head
Affiliation:
Division of Archaeology and Natural History, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.

Extract

The human settlement of Australia falls into that period where dating is hard because it is near or beyond the reliable limit of radiocarbon study; instead a range of luminescence methods are being turned to (such as thermoluminescence at Jinmium: December 1996 ANTIQUITY). Ngarrabullgan Cave, a rock-shelter in Queensland, now offers a good suite of radiocarbon determinations which match well a pair of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dates — encouraging sign that OSL determinations can be relied on.

Type
Notes
Copyright
Copyright © Antiquity Publications Ltd. 1997

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Altken, M.J. 1990. Science-based dating in archaeology. Longman: London.Google Scholar
Altken, M.J. 1994. Optical dating: a non-specialist review, Quaternary Science Reviews 13: 503–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allen, J. 1994. Radiocarbon determinations, luminescence dating and Australian archaeology, Antiquity 68: 339–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allen, J. & Holdaway, S.. 1995. The contamination of Pleistocene radiocarbon determinations in Australia, Antiquity 69: 101–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bard, E., Arnold, M., Fairbanks, R.G. & Hamelw, B.. 1993. 230Th-234U and 14C ages obtained by mass spectrometry on corals, Radiocarbon 35: 191–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bell, W.T. 1991. Thermoluminescence dates for the Lake Mungo Aboriginal fireplaces and the implications for radiocarbon dating, Archaeometry 33: 4350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boëda, E., Connan, J., Dessort, D., Muhesen, S., Mercier, N., Valladas, H. & Tisnérat, N.. 1996. Bitumen as a hatting material on Middle Palaeolithic artefacts, Nature 380: 336–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brumby, S. 1992. Regression analysis of ESR/TL dose-response data, Nuclear Tracks and Radiation Measurements 20: 595–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chappell, J., Head, J. & Magee, J.. 1996. Beyond the radiocarbon limit in Australian archaeology and Quaternary research, Antiquity 70: 543–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
David, B. 1993. Nurrabullgin Cave: preliminary results from a pre-3 7,000 year old rocksheiter, Archaeology in Oceania 28: 5054.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Duller, G.A.T. 1995. Luminescence dating using single aliquote: methods and applications, Radiation Measurements 24: 217–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fullagar, R. & David, B.. In press. Defining site use over >37,000 years of occupation at Ngarrabullgan Cave (Australia): residue and use wear analyses of stone artefacts, Cambridge Archaeological Journal.37,000+years+of+occupation+at+Ngarrabullgan+Cave+(Australia):+residue+and+use+wear+analyses+of+stone+artefacts,+Cambridge+Archaeological+Journal.>Google Scholar
Fullagar, R., Price, D. & Head, L.. 1996. Early human occupation of northern Australia: archaeology and thermoluminescence dating of Jinmium rock-shelter, Northern Territory, Antiquity 70: 751–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guyodo, Y. & Valet, J-P.. 1996. Relative variations in geomagnetic intensity from sedimentary records: the past 200,000 years, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 143: 2336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huntley, D.J., Godfrey-Smith, D.I. & Thewalt, M.L.W.. 1985. Optical dating of sediments, Nature 313: 105–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Laj, C., Mazaud, A. & Duplessy, J.C.. 1996. Geomagnetic intensity and 14C abundance in the atmosphere and ocean during the past 50 kyr, Geophysical Research Letters 23: 2045–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lamothe, M., Balescu, S. & Auclaer, M.. 1994. Natural IRSL intensities and apparent luminescence ages of single feldspar grains extracted from partially bleached sediments, Radiation Measurements 23: 555–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mejdahl, V. 1979. Thermoluminscence dating: beta-dose attenuation in quartz grains, Archaeometry 21: 6172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murray, A.S., Marten, R., Johnston, A. & Martin, P.. 1987. Analysis for naturally occurring radionuclides at environmental concentrations by gamma spectrometry, Journal of Radio-analytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Articles 115: 263–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murray, A.S. & Roberts, R.G.. Submitted. Determining the burial time of single grains of quartz using optically stimulated luminescence, Earth and Planetary Science Letters.Google Scholar
Murray, A.S., Roberts, R.G. & Wintle, A.G.. In press. Equivalent dose measurement using a single aliquot of quartz, Radiation Measurements. Google Scholar
Nambí, K.S.V. & Aitken, M.J.. 1986. Annual dose conversion factors for TL and ESR dating, Archaeometry 28: 202–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O'Connor, S. 1995. Carpenter's Gap rocksheiter 1:40,000 years of Aboriginal occupation in the Napier Ranges, Kimber-ley, WA, Australian Archaeology 40: 58–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Olley, J.M., Murray, A. & Roberts, R.G.. 1996. The effects of disequilibria in the uranium and thorium decay chains on burial dose rates in fluvial sediments, Quaternary Science Reviews 15: 751–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Prescott, J.R. & Hutton, J.T.. 1994. Cosmic ray contributions to dose rates for luminescence and ESR dating: large depths and long-term time variations, Radiation Measurements 23: 497500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rhodes, E.J. 1988. Methodological considerations in the optical dating of quartz, Quaternary Science Reviews 7: 395400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roberts, R.G. & Jones, R.. 1994. Luminescence dating of sediments: new light on the human colonisation of Australia, Australian Aboriginal Studies 1994 (2): 217.Google Scholar
Roberts, R.G., Jones, R. & Smith, M.A.. 1990. Thermoluminescence dating of a 50,000 year-old human occupation site in northern Australia, Nature 345: 153–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roberts, R.G., Jones, R. & Smith, M.A. 1994a. Beyond the radiocarbon barrier in Australian prehistory, Antiquity 68: 611–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roberts, R.G., Jones, R. et al. 1994b. The human colonisation of Australia: optical dates of 53,000 and 60,000 years bracket human arrival at Deaf Adder Gorge, Northern Territory, Quaternary Science Reviews 13: 575–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roberts, R.G., Spooner, N.A. & Questiaux, D.G.. 1994c. Palaeo-dose underestimates caused by extended-duration preheats in the optical dating of quartz, Radiation Measurements 23: 647–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, M.A., Prescott, J.R. & Head, M.J.. In press. Comparison of 14C and luminescence chronologies at Puritjarra rock shelter, central Australia, Quaternary Science Reviews.Google Scholar
Wintle, A.G. 1993. Recent developments in optical dating of sediments, Radiation Protection Dosimetry 47: 627–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
33
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

New optical and radiocarbon dates from Ngarrabullgan Cave, a Pleistocene archaeological site in Australia: implications for the comparability of time clocks and for the human colonization of Australia
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

New optical and radiocarbon dates from Ngarrabullgan Cave, a Pleistocene archaeological site in Australia: implications for the comparability of time clocks and for the human colonization of Australia
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

New optical and radiocarbon dates from Ngarrabullgan Cave, a Pleistocene archaeological site in Australia: implications for the comparability of time clocks and for the human colonization of Australia
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *