Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Active tectonics and land-use strategies: a Palaeolithic example from northwest Greece

  • Geoff Bailey (a1), Geoff King (a2) and Derek Sturdy (a3)
Abstract

Tectonic movements – continuously re-moulding the surface of the earth over the inexorable activity of underlying plate motions – are rarely taken into account when assessing landscape change, except as an exotic hazard to human life or a temporary disruption in longer-term trends. Active tectonics also create and sustain landscapes that can be beneficial to human survival. The tectonic history of northwest Greece shows Palaeolithic sites located to take advantage of tectonically created features at both local and regional scales.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Ambraseys, N.N. 1989. Temporary seismic quiescence: SE Turkey, Geophysical Journal, 96 311–31.
Bailey, G.N. 1982. Coasts, lakes, and littorals, in Jarman, M.R. Jarman, H.N. & Bailey, G.N. (ed.), Early European agriculture: 72107. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bailey, G.N. 1992. The Palaeolithic of Klithi in its wider context, Annual of the British School of Archaeology at Athens 87: 128.
Bailey, G.N., Carter, P.L. Gamble, C.S. & Hlggs, H.P. 1983a. Epirus revisited: seasonality and inter–site variation in the Upper Palaeolithic of north–west Greece, in Bailey, G.N. (ed.), Hunter-gatherer economy in prehistory: a European perspective: 6478. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bailey, G.N., Carter, P.L. Gamble, C.S. & Hlggs, H.P. 1983b. Asprochaliko and Kastritsa: further investigations of Palaeolithic settlement and economy in Epirus (north–west Greece), Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 49: 1542.
Bailey, G.N., Carter, P.L. Gamble, C.S. Hlggs, H.P. & Roubet, C. 1984 Palaeolithic investigations in Epirus: the results of the first season’s excavations at Klithi, 1983, Annual of the British School of Archaeology at Athens 79: 722.
Bailey, G.N. & Gamble, C.S. 1990. The Balkans at 18,000 BP: the view from Epirus, in Gamble, C.S. & Soffer, O. (ed.), The world at 18,000 BP: 148–67. London: Unwin Hyman.
Bailey, G.N., Gamble, C.S. Hlggs, H.P. Roubet, C. Sturdy, D.A. & Webley, D.P. 1986a. Palaeolithic investigations at Klithi: preliminary results of the 1984–1985 field seasons, Annual of the British School of Archaeology at Athens 81: 735.
Bailey, G.N., Gamble, C.S. Hlggs, H.P. Roubet, C. Webley, D.P. Gowlett, J.A.J. Sturdy, D.A. & Turner, C. 1986b. Dating results from Palaeolithic sites and palaeoenvironments in Epirus (north–west Greece), in Gowlett, J.A.J. & Hedges, R.E.M. (ed.), Archaeological Results from Accelerator Dating: 99107. Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology.
Bailey, G.N., Lewin, J. Macklin, M.G. & Woodward, J.C. 1990. The ‘Older Fill’ of Epirus, north–west Greece and its relationship to the Palaeolithic archaeology and glacial history of the region, Journal of Archaeological Science 17: 145–50.
Bailey, G.N., Papaconstantinou, V. & Sturdy, D.A. 1992. Asprochaliko and Kokkinopilos: TL dating and reinterpretation of Middle Palaeolithic sites in Epirus, north–west Greece, Cambridge Archaeological Journal 2: 136–44.
Bailey, G.N. & Thomas, G. 1987. The use of percussion drilling to obtain core samples from rocksheiter deposits, Antiquity 61: 430–39.
Bennett, K.D., Tzedakis, P.C. & Willis, K.J. 1991. Quaternary refugia of north European trees, Journal of Biogeography 18: 103–15.
Bottema, S. 1974 Late Quaternary vegetation history of northwestern Greece. Groningen: Groningen University Press.
Campbell, J.K. 1964. Honour, family and patronage. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Carrigan, C.R., King, G.C.P. & Barr, G.E. 1991. Water–table excursions induced by seismic and volcanic events at Yucca Mountain, Geology 19: 1157–60.
Clarke, D.L. 1976. Mesolithic Europe: the economic basis, in Sieveking, G. de G. Longworth, LH. & Wilson, K.E. (ed.), Problems in economic and social archaeology: 449–81. London: Duckworth.
Dakaris, S.I., Hlggs, E.S. & Hey, R.W. 1964. The climate, environment and industries of Stone Age Greece, part I, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 30: 199244.
Davidson, D.A. 1980. Erosion in Greece during the first and second millennia BC, in Cullingford, R.A. Davidson, D.A. & Lewin, J. (ed.), Timescales in geomorphology: 143–59. Chichester: Wiley.
Demets, C., Gordon, R.G. Argus, D.F. & Stein, R.S. 1990. Current plate motions, International Geophysical Journal: 101: 425–78.
Ellis, M. & King, G.C.P. 1991. Structural control of flank volcanism in continental rifts, Science 254: 839–42.
Gibbs, H.S. 1964. Soils of Northland, in National resources survey, Part III – Northland region: 2537. Wellington: Government Printer.
Hlggs, E.S. 1978. Environmental changes in northern Greece, in Brice, W.C. (ed.), The environmental history of the Near and Middle East since the last ice age: 41–9. London: Academic Press.
Hlggs, E.S. & Vita-FINZI, C. 1966. The climate, environment and industries of Stone Age Greece, part II, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 32: 129.
Hlggs, E.S. & Webley, D.P. 1971. Further information concerning the environment of Palaeolithic man in Epirus, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 37: 367–80.
Hlggs, E.S. Vita-FINZI, C. Harris, D.R. & Fagg, A.E. 1967. The climate, environment and industries of Stone Age Greece, part III, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 33: 129
Huxtable, J., Gowlett, J.A.J. Bailey, G.N. Carter, P.L. & Papaconstantinou, U. 1992. Thermoluminescence dates and a new analysis of the early Mousterian from Asprochaliko, Current Anthropology 33: 109–14.
King, G.C.P., & Bailey, G.N. 1985. The palaeoenvironment of some archaeological sites in Greece: the influence of accumulated uplift in a seismically active region, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 51: 273–82.
King, G.C.P., & Ellis, M. 1990. The origin of large local uplift in extensional regions, Nature 348: 2027.
King, G.C.P. & Lindh, A.G. In press. Predictability and the evolution of culture, in Van der Leeuw, S. (ed.), Proceedings of the Cambridge conference on dynamical descriptions and human systems. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
King, G.C.P. & Stein, R.S. 1983. Surface folding, river terrace deformation rate and earthquake repeat time in a reverse faulting environment: the Coalinga, California, earthquake of May 1983, in The 1983 Coalinga, California, earthquake: 61–9. Sacramento (CA): California Division of Mines and Geology. Special Publication 66.
King, G.C.P. Sturdy, D.A., & Whitney, J. In press. Landscape geometry and the active tectonics of northwest Greece, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America.
Kotzambopoulou, E. 1988. Faunal analysis of the Kastritsa Cave, Greece. Unpublished MPhil. thesis, Cambridge University.
Legge, A.J. 1972. Cave climates, in Higgs, E.S. (ed.), Papers in economic prehistory: 97103. Cambridge Cambridge University Press.
Lewin, J., Macklin, M.G. & Woodward, J.C. 1991. Late Quaternary fluvial sedimentation in the Voi’domatis basin, Epirus, northwest Greece, Quaternary Research 35: 103–15.
Pope, K.O., & Van ANDEL, T.H. 1984. Late Quaternary alluviation and soil formation in the Southern Argolid: its history, causes and archaeological implications. Journal of Archaeological Science 11: 281306.
Prentice, I.C., Guiot, J. & Harrison, S.P. 1992. Mediterranean vegetation, lake levels and palaeoclimate at the last glacial maximum, Nature 360: 658–60.
Site characterization plan. 1988. Yucca Mountain Site, Nevada research and development area, Nevada. Oak Ridge (TN): US Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information.
Slemmons, D.B., Engdahl, E.R. Zoback, M.D. & Blackwell, D.D. (ed.). 1991. The neotectonics of North America: Boulder Colorado, decade map 1. Boulder (CO): Geological Society of America.
Sordinas, A. 1969. Investigations of the prehistory of Corfu during 1964–1966, Balkan Studies 10: 393424.
Stein, R.S. & King, G.C.P. 1984. Seismic potential revealed by surface folding: the 1983 Coalinga, California, earthquake, Science 224: 869–72.
Sturdy, D.A. 1975. Some reindeer economies in prehistoric Europe, in Higgs, E.S. (ed.), Palaeoeconomy. 5595. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sturdy, D.A. & Webley, D.P. 1988. Palaeolithic geography: or where are the deer? World Archaeology 19: 262–80.
Tapponier, P. 1977. Evolution tectonique du Système alpin en Mediterranée: poinconnément et écrasement rigide-plastique, Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France 19: 437–60.
Tapponier, P. & Molnar, P. 1977. Active faulting and tectonics in China, Journal of Geophysical Research 82: 2905–30.
Valansise, G. 1992. Geological records of combined tectonic processes in the central Santa Cruz mountains. Loma Prieta: United States Geological Survey.
Van ANDEL, T.H. & Zangger, E. 1990. Landscape stability and destabilization in the prehistory of Greece, in Bottema, S. Entjes-Nieborg, G.Van Zeist, W. (ed.), Man’s role in the shaping of the eastern Mediterranean landscape.: 139–57. Rotterdam: Balkema.
Vita-FINZI, C. 1969. The Mediterranean valleys: geological changes in historical times. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Vita-FINZI, C. 1978. Archaeological sites in their setting. London: Thames-Hudson.
Wagstaff, J.M. 1981. Buried assumptions: some problems in the interpretation of the ‘Younger Fill’ raised by recent data from Greece, Journal of Archaeological Science 8: 247–64.
Willis, K.J. 1989. Late Quaternary vegetation history of Epirus northwest Greece. Unpublished Ph.D dissertation, Cambridge University.
Woodward, J. 1990. Late Quaternary sedimentary environments in the Voidomatis Basin, northwest Greece. Unpublished Ph.D dissertation, Cambridge University.
Zhang, P. Ellis, M. Slemmons, D.B. & Mao, F. 1990. Right-lateral displacements and the Holocene slip rate associated with prehistoric earthquakes along the southern Panamint Valley fault zone: implications for southern Basin and Range tectonics and coastal California deformation, Journal of Geophysical Research 95: 4857–72.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed