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Assam Megaliths

  • J. H. Hutton
Extract

Assam is one of the very few remaining areas in which rude megalithic monuments are still erected and, like the most notable of the others—Madagascar—is on the fringe of the diffusion area of Indonesian civilization. Far apart as the two countries are, rough stone monuments are in both associated with a cult of the dead; both areas have cultural connexions with the Pacific. This paper, however, deals only with Assam, and its purpose is to give a brief account of the megalithic work existing there and thus to throw some light, perhaps, on the purposes and methods which may have been responsible for similar work in the prehistoric past of other countries.

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Original authorities on the megalithicwork of Assam in approximately chronological order :–

Hannay, .–Ancient temples in the vicinity of Suddyah. J.A.S.B. June 1848.
Hannay, .– The Sil Háko or stone bridge in Zillah Kamrup. J.A.S.B. iv of 1851.
Dalton, .–Notes on Assam Temple Ruins. J.A.S.B. i of 1855.
Barron, .–Note on Stone Implements from the Naga Hills. J.A.I. 1, app. vii.
Godwin-Austen, .–Rude Stone Monuments of Certain Naga Tribes. J.A.I. iv.
Godwin-Austen, .– On the Ruins at Dimapur, J.A.S.B. i of 1874.
Bloch, .–Annual Report of the Archaeological Survey of India, Bengal Circle, 1902-03, and 1905.
Gurdon, .–The Khasis. 1914.
Hutton, .–Carved Stone Monoliths at Dimapur. J.R.A.I. LII.
Hutton, .– Meaning and Method of Erection of Monoliths by Naga Tribes. J.R.A.I. LII.
Hutton, .– Carved Monoliths at Jamuguri. J.R.A.I., LIII.
Hutton, .– Carved Stones in the Dayang Valley. J.A.S.B. xx.
Hutton, .– Use of Stone in the Naga Hills. J.R.A.I. LVI.
Hutton, .– Disposal of the Dead at Wakching. Man, 1927, 44.
Hutton, .– Megalithic work in the Jaintia Hills. J.A.S.B. xxii.
Hutton, .– Significance of Headhunting in Assam. J.R.A.I. LVIII.
Hutton, .– Two Tours east of the Naga Hills. M.A.S.B. xi, no. 1.
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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