Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Bioarchaeological evidence for conflict in Iron Age north-west Cambodia

  • K.M. Domett (a1), D.J.W. O'Reilly (a2) and H.R. Buckley (a3)
Extract

Examination of skeletal material from graves at Phum Snay in north-west Cambodia revealed an exceptionally high number of injuries, especially to the head, likely to have been caused by interpersonal violence. The graves also contain a quantity of swords and other offensive weapons used in conflict. The authors propose a context for these warriors in the struggle between emergent polities in the Iron Age before the domination of Angkor.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Bioarchaeological evidence for conflict in Iron Age north-west Cambodia
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Bioarchaeological evidence for conflict in Iron Age north-west Cambodia
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Bioarchaeological evidence for conflict in Iron Age north-west Cambodia
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Aymonier, E. 1904. Le Cambodge. Volume 3: le groupe d'Angkor et l’histoire. Paris: Leroux.
Briggs, L. 1951. The ancient Khmer Empire (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 41). Philadelphia (PA): The American Philosophical Society.
Bronson, B. 1991. Theoretical aspects of bronze and iron use in ancient Southeast Asia. Paper presented at the Conference on The Higher Bronze Age of Southeast Asia and South China, Hua Hin, Thailand.
Buikstra, J. E. & Ubelaker, D. H. (ed.). 1994. Standards for data collection from human skeletal remains. Fayetteville (AR): Arkansas Archaeological Survey.
Byers, S. N. 2002. Introduction to forensic anthropology: a textbook. Boston (MA): Allyn & Bacon.
Chetwin, J. 2001. War before Angkor: the evidential and theoretical context of warfare in prehistoric Thailand. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Otago.
Chhem, R., Venkatesh, S. K., Wang, S-C., Wong, K-M., Ruhli, F. J., Siew, P. Y., Latinis, K. & Pottier, C. 2004. Multislice computed tomography of two 2000-year-old skeletons in a soil matrix from Angkor, Cambodia. Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal 55:235–41.
Clark, J. (ed.) 2007. Bayon: new perspectives. Bangkok: River.
Coedés, G. 1932. Etudes cambodgiennes—Banteay Chmar, Bayon, Banteay Srey. Bulletin de l'Ecole française d'Extr^eme-Orient 32:71112.
Coedés, G. 1937-1966. Les inscriptions du Cambodge. Hanoi & Paris: Ecole française d'Extrême Orient.
Coedés, G. 1968. The indianized states of Southeast Asia. Honolulu (HI): University of Hawaii Press.
Domett, K. M. 2005. The skeletal remains from Krasaing Thmei, Banteay Meanchey Province, Cambodia. Report to the Royal University of Fine Arts, Phnom Penh.
Domett, K. M. & O'reilly, D.J.W. 2009. Health in pre-Angkorian Cambodia: a bioarchaeological analysis of the skeletal remains from Phum Snay. Asian Perspectives 48:5678.
Domett, K. M. & Tayles, N. 2006. Adult fracture patterns in prehistoric Thailand: a biocultural interpretation. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 16:185–99.
Douglas, M. T. 1996. Paleopathology in human skeletal remains from the pre-metal, bronze and iron ages, northeastern Thailand. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Hawaii.
Evans, D., Pottier, C., Fletcher, R., Hensley, S., Tapley, I., Milne, A. & Barbetti, M. 2007. A comprehensive archaeological map of the world's largest preindustrial settlement complex at Angkor, Cambodia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104:1427782.
Finot, L. 1925. Inscriptions d’Angkor. Bulletin de l'Ecole française d'Extrême-Orient 25:289416.
Gerini, G. E. 1909. Researches on Ptolemy's geography of eastern Asia (further India and Indo-Malay archipelago) (Asiatic Society mongraphs 1). London: Royal Asiatic Society.
Goloubew, V. 1929. L'âge du bronze au Tonkin et dans le nord-Annam. Bulletin de I’Ecole française d'Extrême-Orient 29:146.
Higham, C.F.W. 2002. Early cultures of mainland Southeast Asia. Bangkok: River Books.
Higham, C.F.W. & Thosarat, R. 1998. Noen U-Loke and the implications for the origins of early states. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 17:44.
Higham, C.F.W. & Thosarat, R. 2006. Ban Non Wat: the first three seasons, in Bacus, E. A., Glover, I. C. & Pigott, V. C. (ed.) Uncovering Southeast Asia's past: selected papers from the 10th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists: the British Museum, London, 14-17 September 2004: 98104. Singapore: NUS Press.
Higham, C.F.W., Kijngam, A. & Talbot, S. 2007. The origins of the civilization of Angkor. Volume 2: the excavation of Noen U-Loke and Non Muang Kao. Bangkok: Fine Arts Department of Thailand.
Jacq-Hergoualc'h, M. 2007. The armies of Angkor: military structure and weaponry of the Khmers. Bangkok: Orchid Press.
Jacques, C. 1986. The royal city of Angkor and the State, as glimpsed in the inscriptions (9th to 12th centuries). Lecture at Oxford: 114.
Jurmain, R. 1999. Stories from the skeleton: behavioral reconstruction in human osteology. Amsterdam: Gordon & Breach.
Kaufman, M. H., Whitaker, D. & Mctavish, J. 1997. Differential diagnosis of holes in the calvarium: application of modern clinical data to palaeopathology. Journal of Archaeological Science 24:193218.
Le Bonheur, A. & Poncar, J. P. 1993. Of gods, kings, and men: bas-reliefs of Angkor Wat and Bayon. London: Serindia.
Lovell, N. C. 1997. Trauma analysis in paleopathology. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 40:139–70.
Lovell, N. C. 2008. Analysis and interpretation of skeletal trauma, in Katzenberg, M. A. & Saunders, S. R. (ed.) Biological anthropology of the human skeleton: 341–86. New York: Wiley.
O'Reilly, D. J. W. 2000. From the Bronze Age to the Iron Age in Thailand: applying the heterarchical approach. Asian Perspectives 39:119.
O'Reilly, D. J. W. 2004. Excavations at Phum Snay, Cambodia. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 24:129–32.
O'Reilly, D. J. W. & Pheng, S. 2001. Recent excavations in north-west Cambodia. Antiquity 75:265–6.
O'Reilly, D. J. W., Chanthourn, T. & Domett, K. 2004. A preliminary report on the excavation of an Iron Age cemetery at Phum Snay, Banteay Meanchey, Cambodia, 2003. Udaya Journal 5:219–25.
O'Reilly, D. J. W., Domett, K. & Pheng, S. 2006a. The excavation of a late prehistoric cemetery in northwest Cambodia. Udaya 7:207222.
O'Reilly, D. J. W., Von Den Driesch, A. & Voeum, V. 2006b. Archaeology and archaeozoology of Phum Snay: a late prehistoric cemetery in northwestern Cambodia. Asian Perspectives 45:188211.
Ortner, D. J. 2003. Identification of pathological conditions in human skeletal remains. San Diego (CA): Academic Press.
Oxenham, M. F., Walters, I., Nguyen, L. C. & Nguyen, K. T. 2001. Case studies in ancient trauma: mid-Holocene through metal periods in Northern Vietnam, in Hennenberg, M. (ed.) Causes and effects of human variation: 83102. Adelaide: Australasian Society for Human Biology, University of Adelaide.
Pautreau, J-P. & Mornais, P. 1998. Ban Wang Hi (Tha¨ilande) Travaux 1998. Journée Préhistorique et Protohistorique de Bretagne 1998:1116.
Pautreau, J.-P., Mornais, P. & Doy-Asa, T. 2003. Ban Wang Hai: excavations of an Iron-Age cemetery in northern Thailand. Bangkok: Silkworm.
Pietrusewsky, M. & Douglas, M.T. 2002. Ban Chiang, a prehistoric village site in northeast Thailand. 1: the human skeletal remains (Thai archaeology monograph series 1). Philadelphia (PA): University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Pietrusewsky, M., Ikehara-Quebral, R. & Douglas, M. T. 2006. The bioarchaeology of the Vat Komnou cemetery, Angkor Borei, Cambodia. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 26:8697.
Powers, N. 2005. Cranial trauma and treatment: a case study from the medieval cemetery of St Mary Spital, London. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 15:114.
Quatrehomme, G. & Isçan, M. Y. 1997. Postmortem skeletal lesions. Forensic Science International 89:155–65.
Reinecke, A., Vin, L. & Seng, S. 2009. The first golden age of Cambodia: excavation at Prohear. Bad Langensalza: Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, Phnom Penh.
Sørenson, P. 1973. Prehistoric iron implements from Thailand. Asian Perspectives 16:134–73.
Stark, M. 2004. Pre-Angkorian and Angkorian Cambodia, in Glover, I. & Bellwood, P. (ed.) Southeast Asia from prehistory to history: 89119. New York: Routledge Curzon Press.
Stodder, A.L.W. 2008. Taphonomy and the nature of archaeological assemblages, in Katzenberg, M. A. & Saunders, S. R. (ed.) Biological anthropology of the human skeleton: 71114. New York: Wiley.
Tayles, N. 1999. The excavation of Khok Phanom Di, a prehistoric site in central Thailand. Volume 5: the people (Reports of the Research Committee of the Society of Antiquaries of London 61). London: Society of Antiquaries of London.
Tayles, N. 2003. Murder or mortuary behaviour? An Iron Age enigma from northeast Thailand. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 13:197206.
Tayles, N., Halcrow, S. & Domett, K. 2007. The people of Noen U-Loke, in Higham, C.F.W., Kijngam, A. & Talbot, S. (ed.) The origins of the civilization of Angkor. Volume 2: the excavation of Noen U-Loke and Non Muang Kao: 244304. Bangkok: Fine Arts Department of Thailand.
Tuan-Lin, M. 1876. Ethnographie des peuples e trangers à la Chine. Geneva: Georg.
Walker, P. L. 2001. A bioarchaeological perspective on the history of violence. Annual Review of Anthropology 30:573–96.
Wallwork, C. 2006. An osteological investigation into unprovenenced remains from Koh Krabas, northwest Cambodia. Canberra: Australian National University, School of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Wheatley, P. 1961. The Golden Khersonese: studies in the historical geography of the Malay Peninsula before AD 1500. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press.
Wilen, R. 1987. Excavation and site survey in the Huay Sai Khao Basin, northeastern Thailand. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 7:94117.
Wolters, O. W. 1974. North-western Cambodia in the seventh century. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London 37:355–84.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed