Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Boat remains and maritime trade in the Persian Gulf during the sixth and fifth millennia BC

  • Robert Carter (a1)
Extract

Archaeological excavations in Kuwait have revealed the earliest remains anywhere of sea-going boats. The author explains these remains and the distribution of Ubaid pottery as evidence for a system of maritime exchange in the Arabian Neolithic driven by status and ceremony.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Beech, M., Elders, J. & Shepherd, E. 2000. Reconsidering the ‘Ubaid of the southern Gulf: new results from excavations on Dalma Island, U.A.E. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 30: 41–7.
Berndt, R.M. 1951. Ceremonial exchange in western Arnhem Land. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 7: 156–76.
Bourriau, J. & Oates, J. 1997. Spinning or sailing?: the boat models from Eridu. Antiquity 71: 719–21.
Breniquet, C. 1987. Les petits objets de la fouille de Tell el ‘Oueili, in Huot, J.-L. (ed.) Larsa (10e campagne, 1983) et ‘Oueili (4e campagne, 1983): rapport préliminaire 73: 141–58. Paris: Editions Recherche sur les Civilisations.
Burkholder, G. 1972. Ubaid sites and pottery in Saudi Arabia. Archaeology 25: 264–9.
Carter, R. 2002. Ubaid-period boat remains from As-Sabiyah: excavations by the British Archaeological Expedition to Kuwait. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 32: 1330.
Carter, R. 2003. The Neolithic origins of seafaring in the Arabian Gulf, Archaeology International 2002/2003: 44–l7.
Carter, R. forthcoming. ‘Ubaid pottery and plaster vessels from DA-11, in Beech, M. & Shepherd Popescu, E. (ed.) Excavations at an early 5th millennium BCsettlement on Dalma island, United Arab Emirates.Oxford: Archaeopress.
Carter, R.A., Crawford, H.E.W. Mellalieu, S. & Barrett, D. 1999. The Kuwait/British Archaeological Expedition to as-Sabiyah: report on the first season’s work. Iraq 61: 4358.
Carter, R.A. & Crawford, H.E.W. 2001. The Kuwait/British Archaeological Expedition to as-Sabiyah: report on the second season’s work. Iraq 63: 120.
Carter, R.A. 2002. The Kuwait/British Archaeological Expedition to as-Sabiyah: report on the third season’s work. Iraq 64: 113.
Carter, R.A. 2003. The Kuwait/British Archaeological Expedition to as-Sabiyah: report on the fourth season’s work. Iraq 65: 7790.
Casson, L. 1995. Ships and seamanship in the ancient world. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Cleuziou, S. & Tosi, M. 2000. Ra’s al-Jinz and the prehistoric coastal cultures of the Ja’alan. Journal of Oman Studies 11: 1974.
Connan, J., Carter, R.A. Crawford, H.E.W. Tobey, M. Charrié-Duhaut, A. Jarvie, D. Albrecht, P. & Norman, K. 2005. A comparative geochemical study of bituminous boat remains from H3, As-Sabiyah (Kuwait), and RJ-2, Ra’s al-Jinz (Oman). Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 15: 146.
Connan, J. & Nishiaki, Y. 2003. The bituminous mixtures of Tell Kosak Shamali on the Upper Euphrates (Syria) from the early Ubaid to the post Ubaid: composition of mixtures and origin of bitumen, in Nishiaki, Y. & Matsutani, T. (ed.) Tell Kosak Shamali - the archaeological investigations on the Upper Euphrates, Syria, Volume II: Chalcolithic technology and subsistence: 283306. Tokyo: The University Museum and the University of Tokyo.
Dalton, G. 1977. Aboriginal economies in stateless societies, in Earle, T.K. & Ericson, J.E. (ed.) Exchange systems in prehistory: 191212. NewYork, San Francisco, London: Academic Press.
De Cardi, B. 1986. Some aspects of Neolithic settlement in Bahrain and adjacent regions, in Al-Khalifa, S.H.A. & Rice, M. (ed.) Bahrain through the ages: the archaeology: 8793. London, New York, Sydney, Henley: KPI.
Dickson, H.R.P. 1956. Kuwait and her neighbours. London: Allen & Unwin.
Dietler, M. 2001. Theorizing the feast: rituals of consumption, commensal politics and power in African contexts, in Dietler, M. & Hayden, B. (ed.) Feasts: archaeological and ethnographic perspectives on food, politics and power. Washington, DC and London: Smithsonian Institution.
Forest, J.-D. 1996. Éléments de chronologie, in Huot, J.-L. (ed.) Oueili. Travaux de 1987 et 1989. Paris: Editions Recherche sur les Civilisations.
Frifelt, K. 1995. The island of Umm an-Nar. The third millennium settlement. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.
Golding, M. 1974. Evidence for pre-Seleucid occupation of east Arabia. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 4: 1931.
Hall, H. & Woolley, L. 1927. Ur excavations, volume I. Al-ߢUbaid Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hayden, B. 2001. Fabulous feasts: a prolegomenon to the importance of feasting, in Dietler, M. & Hayden, B. (ed.) Feasts: archaeological and ethnographic perspectives on food, politics and power. Washington, DC and London: Smithsonian Institution.
Hermansen, B.D. 1993. ‘Ubaid and ED pottery from five sites at ‘Ain as-Sayh, Saudi Arabia. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 4: 126–44.
Højlund, F. & Anderson, H.H. 1994. Qala’at al-Bahrain 1. The northern citywall and the Islamic fortress. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.
Junker, L.L. 2001. The evolution of ritual feasting systems in prehispanic Philippine chiefdoms, in Dietler, M. & Hayden, B. (ed.) Feasts: archaeological and ethnographic perspectives on food, politics and power: 267310. Washington, DC and London: Smithsonian Institution.
Kallweit, H. 2003. Remarks on the late stone age in the U.A.E., in Potts, D. Al-Naboodah, H. & Hellyer, P. (ed.) Archaeology of the United Arab Emirates. Proceedings ofthe First International Conference on the Archaeologyofthe U.A.E.: 5664, Trident, London.
Kiesewetter, H., Uerpmann, H.-P. & Jasim, S.A. 2000. Neolithic jewellery from Jebel al-Buhais 18. Proceedings ofthe Seminar for Arabian Studies 30: 137–46.
Lenzen, H.J. 1968. Vorläufiger Bericht über die von dem Deutschen Archäologischen Institut und der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft aus Mitteln der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft unternommenen Ausgrabungen in Uruk-Warka. XXIV. Winter 1965/1966. Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag.
Lloyd, S. & Safar, F. 1943. Tell Uqair. Excavations by the Iraq Government Directorate of Antiquities in 1940 and 1941. Journal of Near Eastern Studies 2: 131–89.
Lorimer, J.G. 1908. Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman andCentralArabia. Volume 2, Geographical and Statistical. Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing.
Malinowski, B. 1984. Argonauts of the western Pacific. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland.
Marshall, Y. & Maas, A. 1997. Dashing dishes. World Archaeology 28: 275–90.
Masry, A.H. 1974. Prehistory in northeastern Arabia: the problem of interregional interaction. Miami, FL: Field Research Projects.
Masry, A.H. 1997. Prehistory in northeastern Arabia: the problem of interregional interaction, 2nd edition. London and New York: Kegan Paul.
Mcclure, H.A. & Al-Shaikh, N.Y. 1993. Palaeogeography of an ‘Ubaid archaeological site, Saudi Arabia. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 4: 107–25.
Oates, J. 1983. Ubaid Mesopotamia reconsidered, in Young, T.C. Smith, P.E.C. & Mortensen, P. (ed.) The hilly flanks and beyond: essays in the prehistory of southwestern Asia presented to Robert J. Braidwood: 251–81. Chicago, IL: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.
Oates, J. 1993. Trade and power in the fifth and fourth millennia BC: new evidence from northern Mesopotamia. World Archaeology 24: 403–22.
Oates, J., Davidson, T.E. Kamilli, D. & Mckerrel, H. 1977. Seafaring merchants of Ur? Antiquity 51: 221–34.
Ochsenschlager, E. 1992. Ethnographic evidence for wood, boats, bitumen and reeds in southern Iraq. Ethnoarchaeology at al-Hiba. Bulletin ofSumerian Agriculture 6: 4778.
Phillips, C.S. 2002. Prehistoric Middens and a cemetery from the southern Arabian Gulf, in Cleuziou, S. Tosi, M. & Zarins, J. (ed.) Essays on the late prehistoryofthe Arabian Peninsula: 169–86. Rome: Istituto Italiano Per L’Africa e L’Oriente.
Piesinger, C.M. 1983. Legacy of Dilmun - the roots of ancient maritime trade in eastern Coastal Arabia in the 4th/3rd millenniums BC. PhD Thesis, University of Winsconsin.
Polanyi, K. 1957. The economy as instituted process, in Polanyi, K. Arensberg, C. & Pearson, H. (ed.) Trade and market in the earlyempires. Economies in history and theory. New York, NY: Free Press.
Potts, D.T. 1990. The Arabian Gulf in antiquity, Volume 1. Oxford: Clarendon.
Potts, D.T. 1995. Watercraft of the lower sea, in Dittmann, R. Finkbeiner, U. & Hauptmann, H. (ed.) Beiträge zur Kulturgeshichte Vorderasiens: Festschrift für Rainer MichaelBoehmer 559571. Mainz: Philipp von Zabern.
Potts, D.T. 1997. Mesopotamian civilization: the material foundations. London: Athlone.
Qualls, C. 1981. Boats of Mesopotamia before 2000 B.C. PhD Thesis, Columbia University.
Renfrew, C. 1975. Trade as action at a distance: questions of integration and communication, in Sabloff, J. & Lamberg-Karlovsky, C.C. (ed.) Ancient civilization and trade: 359. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press.
Safar, F. & Lloyd, S. 1981. Eridu. Baghdad: Ministry of Culture and Information.
Schwartz, M. 2002. Early evidence of reed boats from southeast Anatolia. Antiquity 76: 617–8.
Schwartz, M. & Hollander, D. 2001. Annealing, distilling, reheating and recycling: bitumen processing in the ancient Near East. Paléorient 26: 8391.
Stein, G. 2002. From passive periphery to active agents: emerging perspectives in the archaeology of interregional interaction. American Anthropologist 104: 903–16.
Strathern, A. 1971. The rope of Moka: big-menand ceremonial exchange in Mount Hagen, New Guinea. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Thesiger, W. 1994. The Marsh Arabs. Dubai: Motivate.
Thuesen, I. 2000. Ubaid expansion in the Khabur.New evidence from Tell Mashnaqa, in Roualt, O. & Wäfler, M. (ed.) Subartu VIII: La Djéziré et lEuphrate Syriens, de la Protohistoire à la fin du IIe Millénaire av. JC: 71–9. Turnhout: Brepols.
Uerpmann, H.-P. & Uerpmann, M. 1996. ‘Ubaid pottery in the eastern Gulf: new evidence from Umm al-Qaiwain (U.A.E.) Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 7: 125–39.
Vosmer, T. 2000a. Model of a third millennium BC reed boat based on evidence from Ra’s al-Jinz. Journal of Oman Studies 11: 149–53.
Vosmer, T. 2000b. Ships in the ancient Arabian Sea: the development of a hypothetical reed boat model. Proceedings ofthe Seminar for Arabian Studies 30: 235–42.
Vosmer, T. 2003a. The Magan boat project: a process of discovery, a discovery of process. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 33: 4958.
Vosmer, T. 2003b. The naval architecture of early Bronze Age reed-built boats of the Arabian Sea, in Potts, D. Al-Naboodah, H. & Hellyer, P. (ed.) Archaeology of the United Arab Emirates. Proceedings ofthe First International Conference on the Archaeologyofthe U.A.E.: 152–7, Trident, London.
Weissner, P. 2001. Of feasting and value. Enga feasts in a historical perspective (Papua New Guinea), in Dietler, M. & Hayden, B. (ed.) Feasts: archaeological and ethnographic perspectives on food, politics and power: 115–43. Washington, DC and London: Smithsonian Institution.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO