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Bronze Age metal circulation in China

  • A.M. Pollard (a1), P. Bray (a1), P. Hommel (a1), Y.-K. Hsu (a1), R. Liu (a1) and J. Rawson (a1)...
Abstract
Abstract

The Shang (c. 1500–1045 BC) and Zhou dynasties (c. 1045–771 BC) of China are famous for their sophisticated ritual bronze vessels. Sourcing the leaded tin-bronze has, however, proved to be a challenge. A new systematic approach to metal chemistry uses trace elements and isotopes to characterise the underlying circulation pattern. It reveals the complexity of the copper sources on which the late Shang capital at Anyang depended for its bronzes, suggesting the transport of copper from distant regions in the south, on the Yangtze, and from north-east China. The new interpretational system furthers our understanding of the network on which successive Chinese dynasties depended for copper, lead and tin, and attempts to give equal weight to the archaeological and chemical data.

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*(Author for correspondence: R. Liu; email: ruiliang.liu@stx.ox.ac.uk)
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

R.W. Bagley 1977. P'an-lung-ch'eng: a Shang city in Hupei. Artibus Asiae 39: 165219. https://doi.org/10.2307/3250165

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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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