Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The chronology of culture: a comparative assessment of European Neolithic dating approaches

  • Katie Manning (a1), Adrian Timpson (a1) (a2), Sue Colledge (a1), Enrico Crema (a1), Kevan Edinborough (a1), Tim Kerig (a1) and Stephen Shennan (a1)...
Abstract

Archaeologists have long sought appropriate ways to describe the duration and floruit of archaeological cultures in statistical terms. Thus far, chronological reasoning has been largely reliant on typological sequences. Using summed probability distributions, the authors here compare radiocarbon dates for a series of European Neolithic cultures with their generally accepted ‘standard’ date ranges and with the greater precision afforded by dendrochronology, where that is available. The resulting analysis gives a new and more accurate description of the duration and intensity of European Neolithic cultures.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The chronology of culture: a comparative assessment of European Neolithic dating approaches
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The chronology of culture: a comparative assessment of European Neolithic dating approaches
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The chronology of culture: a comparative assessment of European Neolithic dating approaches
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
The online version of this article is published within an Open Access environment subject to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution licence ;.
Corresponding author
Author for correspondence (Email: k.manning@ucl.ac.uk)
References
Hide All
Aitchison, T., Ottaway, B. & Al-Ruzaiza, A.S.. 1991. Summarizing a group of 14C dates on the historical time scale: with a worked example from the Late Neolithic of Bavaria. Antiquity 65: 10816.
Bayliss, A.L. & Whittle, A.W.R. (ed.). 2007. Histories of the dead: building chronologies for five southern British long barrows (Cambridge Archaeological Journal 17, Supplement 1). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Billamboz, A. & Köninger, J.. 2008. Dendroarchäologische Untersuchungen zur Besiedlungs- und Landschaftsentwicklung im Neolithikum des westlichen Bodenseegebietes, in Dörfler, W., Müller, J. & Wesse, A. (ed.) Umwelt—Wirtschaft—Siedlungen im dritten vorchristlichen Jahrtausend Mitteleuropas und S üdskandinaviens: 31734. Neumünster: Wachholtz.
Blockley, S.P.E., Donahue, R.E. & Pollard, A.M.. 2000. Radiocarbon calibration and Late Glacial occupation in north-west Europe. Antiquity 74: 11221.
Breunig, P. 1987. 14 C-Chronologie des Vorderasiatischen, Suedost- und Mitteleuropaeischen Neolithikums. Köln: Boehlau.
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51: 33760.
Clarke, D.L. 1968. Analytical archaeology. London: Methuen.
Crema, E. 2013. Cycles of change in Jomon settlement: a case study from eastern Tokyo Bay. Antiquity 87: 116981.
Czebreszuk, J. & Müller, J. (ed.). 2001. Die absolute Chronologie in Mitteleuropa 3000–2000 v. Chr. (Studien zur Archäologie in Ostmitteleuropa 1). Rahden: Marie Leidorf.
Denaire, A. 2011. Chronologie absolue de la séquence Hinkelstein-Grossgartach-Roessen-Bischheim dans le sud de la plaine du Rhin supérieur et le nord de la Franche-Comté à la lumiàre des derniàres données, in Denaire, A., Jeunesse, C. & Lefranc, P. (ed.) N écropole et enceintes danubiennes du Ve millénaire dans le Nord-Est de la France et le Sud-Ouest de l’Allemagne: 930. Strasbourg: Maison Interuniversitaire des Sciences de l’Homme-Alsace, Université de Strasbourg.
Dendro, . n.d. Dendro- und C14-Daten der Schweiz. Available at http://www.erz.be.ch/erz/de/index/kultur/archaeologie/daten/dendro-undc14-daten.html (accessed 29 July 2014).
Fowler, H.N. (trans.). 1925. Plato in twelve volumes. London: William Heinemann.
Furholt, M. 2003. Die absolutchronologische Datierung der Schnurkeramik in Mitteleuropa und S üdskandinavien (Universitätsforschungen zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 101). Bonn: R. Habelt.
Furholt, M. 2014. Upending a ‘totality’: re-evaluating Corded Ware variability in Late Neolithic Europe. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ppr.2013.20
Geschwinde, M. & Raetzel-Fabian, D.. 2009. EWBSL: Eine Fallstudie zu den jungneolithischen Erdwerken am Nordrand der Mittelgebirge (Beiträge zur Archäologie in Niedersachsen 14). Rahden: Marie Leidorf.
Heaton, T.J., Blackwell, P.G. & Buck, C.E.. 2009. A Bayesian approach to the estimation of radiocarbon calibration curves: the IntCal09 methodology. Radiocarbon 51: 115164.
Lee, S. & Bronk Ramsey, C.. 2012. Development and application of the trapezoidal model for archaeological chronologies. Radiocarbon 54: 10722. http://dx.doi.org/10.2458/azujsrc.v54i1.12397
Müller, J. 2009. Dating the Neolithic: methodological premises and absolute chronology. Radiocarbon 51: 72136.
Müller, J. & Van Willigen, J.. 2001. New radiocarbon evidence for European Bell Beakers and the consequences for the diffusion of the Bell Beaker phenomenon, in Nicolis, F. (ed.) Bell Beakers today: 5980. Trento: All’Insegna del Giglio.
Müller, J., Becker, C., Bruchhaus, H., Kaiser, E., Neubert, A., Pichler, S. & Zabel, M.. 2000. Radiokarbonchronologie—Keramiktechnologie-Osteologie-Anthropologie-Raumanalysen. Beiträge zum Neolithikum und zur Frühbronzezeit im Mittel-Elbe- Saale-Gebiet. Bericht der R ömisch-Germanischen Kommission 80: 25211.
Ottaway, B. 1973. Dispersion diagrams: a new approach to the display of carbon-14 dates. Archaeometry 15: 512. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.1973.tb00073.x
Raetzel-Fabian, D. 2000. Calden. Erdwerk und Bestattungsplätze des Jungneolithikums. Architektur—Ritual—Chronologie. Bonn: Habelt.
Raetzel-Fabian, D. 2002. Absolute chronology and cultural development of the Wartberg culture in Germany. Available at: http://www.jungsteinsite.uni-kiel.de/pdf/20022fabian.pdf (accessed 29 July 2014).
Reingruber, A. & Thissen, L.. 2009. Depending on 14C data: chronological frameworks in the Neolithic and Chalcolithic of southeastern Europe. Radiocarbon 51: 75170.
Shennan, S.J. 1978. Archaeological ‘cultures’: an empirical investigation, in Hodder, I. (ed.) The spatial organisation of culture: 11339. London: Duckworth.
Shennan, S.J. 1989. Introduction: archaeological approaches to cultural identity, in Shennan, S.J. (ed.) Archaeological approaches to cultural identity: 132. London: Unwin Hyman.
Shennan, S., Downey, S.S., Timpson, A., Edinborough, K., Colledge, S., Kerig, T., Manning, K. & Thomas, M.G.. 2013. Regional population collapse followed initial agriculture booms in mid-Holocene Europe. Nature Communications 4: 2486. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms3486
Shennan, S.J., Crema, E. & Kerig, T.. 2014. Isolation-by-distance, homophily, and ‘core’ vs. ‘package’ cultural evolution models in Neolithic Europe. Evolution and Human Behaviour. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2014.09.006
Stadler, P., Draxler, S., Friesinger, H., Kutschera, W., Steier, P. & Wild, E.M.. 2001. Absolute chronology for early civilisations in Austria and Central Europe using 14C dating with accelerator mass spectrometry with special results for the absolute chronology of Baden culture, in Studia Danubiana Series Symposia II: Cernavodâ III-Boleráz: 54162. Bucharest: Institutul Romăn de Tracologie.
Ullrich, M. 2008. Endneolithische Siedlungskeramik aus Ergersheim, Mittelfranken: Untersuchungen zur Chronologie von Schnurkeramik- und Glockenbechern am Rhein, Main und Neckar. Bonn: Habelt.
Van De Velde, P. 2012. Chronology of the Dutch Neolithic Bandkeramik culture: a new attempt, in Bakels, C. & Kamermans, H. (ed.) The end of our fifth decade (Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia 43/44): 293305. Leiden: Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University.
Whittle, A.W.R., Healy, F.M. & Bayliss, A.. 2011. Gathering time: dating the Early Neolithic enclosures of southern Britain and Ireland. Oxford: Oxbow.
Włodarczak, P. 2009. Radiocarbon and dendrochronological dates of the Corded Ware culture. Radiocarbon 51: 73749.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed