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The chronology of culture: a comparative assessment of European Neolithic dating approaches

  • Katie Manning (a1), Adrian Timpson (a1) (a2), Sue Colledge (a1), Enrico Crema (a1), Kevan Edinborough (a1), Tim Kerig (a1) and Stephen Shennan (a1)...
Abstract

Archaeologists have long sought appropriate ways to describe the duration and floruit of archaeological cultures in statistical terms. Thus far, chronological reasoning has been largely reliant on typological sequences. Using summed probability distributions, the authors here compare radiocarbon dates for a series of European Neolithic cultures with their generally accepted ‘standard’ date ranges and with the greater precision afforded by dendrochronology, where that is available. The resulting analysis gives a new and more accurate description of the duration and intensity of European Neolithic cultures.

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Copyright
The online version of this article is published within an Open Access environment subject to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution licence ;.
Corresponding author
Author for correspondence (Email: k.manning@ucl.ac.uk)
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

S.P.E. Blockley , R.E. Donahue & A.M. Pollard . 2000. Radiocarbon calibration and Late Glacial occupation in north-west Europe. Antiquity 74: 11221.

C. Bronk Ramsey 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51: 33760.

E. Crema 2013. Cycles of change in Jomon settlement: a case study from eastern Tokyo Bay. Antiquity 87: 116981.

M. Furholt 2014. Upending a ‘totality’: re-evaluating Corded Ware variability in Late Neolithic Europe. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ppr.2013.20

T.J. Heaton , P.G. Blackwell & C.E. Buck . 2009. A Bayesian approach to the estimation of radiocarbon calibration curves: the IntCal09 methodology. Radiocarbon 51: 115164.

S. Lee & C. Bronk Ramsey . 2012. Development and application of the trapezoidal model for archaeological chronologies. Radiocarbon 54: 10722. http://dx.doi.org/10.2458/azujsrc.v54i1.12397

J. Müller 2009. Dating the Neolithic: methodological premises and absolute chronology. Radiocarbon 51: 72136.

B. Ottaway 1973. Dispersion diagrams: a new approach to the display of carbon-14 dates. Archaeometry 15: 512. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.1973.tb00073.x

A. Reingruber & L. Thissen . 2009. Depending on 14C data: chronological frameworks in the Neolithic and Chalcolithic of southeastern Europe. Radiocarbon 51: 75170.

S. Shennan , S.S. Downey , A. Timpson , K. Edinborough , S. Colledge , T. Kerig , K. Manning & M.G. Thomas . 2013. Regional population collapse followed initial agriculture booms in mid-Holocene Europe. Nature Communications 4: 2486. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms3486

P. Włodarczak 2009. Radiocarbon and dendrochronological dates of the Corded Ware culture. Radiocarbon 51: 73749.

M. Furholt 2014. Upending a ‘totality’: re-evaluating Corded Ware variability in Late Neolithic Europe. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ppr.2013.20

S. Lee & C. Bronk Ramsey . 2012. Development and application of the trapezoidal model for archaeological chronologies. Radiocarbon 54: 10722. http://dx.doi.org/10.2458/azujsrc.v54i1.12397

B. Ottaway 1973. Dispersion diagrams: a new approach to the display of carbon-14 dates. Archaeometry 15: 512. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.1973.tb00073.x

S. Shennan , S.S. Downey , A. Timpson , K. Edinborough , S. Colledge , T. Kerig , K. Manning & M.G. Thomas . 2013. Regional population collapse followed initial agriculture booms in mid-Holocene Europe. Nature Communications 4: 2486. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms3486

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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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