1988. Ungwana on the Tana, in Sinclair, P. & Wandibba, S. (ed.) Urban Origins in Eastern Africa, project proposals and workshop summaries. Stockholm: The Swedish Central Board of Antiquities.
1989. Communities on the River Tana, Kenya: An Archaeological Study of Relations between the Delta and the River Basin AD 700-1890. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Cambridge.
1981. Swahili culture and the nature of East coast settlement. International Journal of African Historical Studies
14 (2): 306–34.
1993. Swahili origins: Swahili culture and the Shungwaya phenomenon. London: James Currey.
Blanton, R.E., Feinman, G., Kowalewski, S. & Peregrine, P.. 1996. A dual-processual theory for the evolution of Meso-American civilization. Current Anthropology
37 (1): 1–14.
1994. The Tanzanian Coast in the Early First Millennium AD: an archaeology of the iron-working, farming communities. Uppsala: Societas Archaeologica Uppsaliensis.
1974. Kilwa: an Islamic trading city on the East African coast. Nairobi: British Institute in Eastern Africa.
1975. The Peopling of the East African coast, in Chittick, H.N. & Rotberg, R.I. (ed.) East Africa and the Orient: Cultural Syntheses in Pre-Colonial Times: 16–43. New York & London: Africana Publishing Company.
1984.Manda: Excavations at an Island Port on the Kenya Coast. Nairobi: British Institute in Eastern Africa.
2004. The Materialization of Culture, in DeMarrais, E., Gosden, C. & Renfrew, C. (ed.) Rethinking materiality: the engagement of mind with the material world: 11–22. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.
1982. House Power; Swahili Space and Symbolic Markers, in Hodder, I. (ed.) Symbolic and Structural Archaeology: 63–73. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1990. The Power of Swahili Porcelain, Beads and Pottery. Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association
2 (1): 47–59.
1997. Ethnicity in complex societies: archaeological perspectives. Journal of Archaeological Research
2003. Viewing Stonetowns from the Countryside: An Archaeological Approach to Swahili Regional Systems, AD 800-1500. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Virginia.
2004. Behind the Sultan of Kilwa's ‘Rebellious Conduct’: Local Perspectives on an International East African Town, in Reid, A. & Lane, P. (ed.) African Historical Archaeologies: 91–124. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.
1962. The East African Coast. Select Documents from the First to the Earlier Nineteenth Centuries. London: Clarendon Press.
1966. The Early Islamic Architecture of the East African Coast. Nairobi & Oxford: British Institute in Eastern Africa.
1982. Cooking, Cuisine and Class. A study in comparative sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2004. Archaeology and colonialism: cultural contact from 5000 BC to the present. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1984. The Early Settlement of the Northern Kenya Coast. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Cambridge.
1987. The Swahili Corridor. Scientific American
257 (Sep): 86–93.
Horton, M.C.1996. Shanga: The archaeology of a Muslim trading community on the coast of East Africa. Nairobi: British Institute in Eastern Africa.
Horton, M.C. & Middleton, J.. 2000. The Swahili: The Social Landscape of a Mercantile Society. Oxford: Blackwell.
2004. Unguja Ukuu on Zanzibar: An archaeological study of early urbanism. Uppsala: Societas Archaeologica Upsaliensis.
1964. Men and monuments on the East African coast. London: Lutterworth.
1966. Ungwana on the Tana. The Hague: Mouton & Co.
1999. The Rise and Fall of Swahili States. Walnut Creek: Altamira.
1987. Food supply and plantation social order: an archaeological perspective, in Singleton, T.A. (ed.) I, Too, am America: 218–39. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.
1992. The World of the Swahili. New Haven & London: Yale University Press.
Nurse, D. & Spear, T.. 1985. The Swahili: reconstructing the history and language of an African society AD 800-1500. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
1979. Some Iron Age sites in the Lower Tana Valley. Azania
1987. Horn and Crescent. Cultural change and traditional Islam on the East African coast, 800-1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2001. Symbol before concept: material engagement and the early development of society, in Hodder, I. (ed.) Archaeological Theory Today: 98–121. Cambridge: Polity Press.
1998. Kilwa: A History of the Ancient Swahili Town with a Guide to the Monuments of Kilwa Kisiwani and Adjacent Islands. Azania
1953. Prehistoric Settlement in the Virú Valley, Peru. Washington: United States Government Printing Office.
1993. Trade and Politics on the eastern littoral of Africa, AD 800-1300, in Shaw, T., Sinclair, J.P.J., Andah, B. & Okpoko, A. (ed.) The Archaeology of Africa: food, metals and towns: 658–70. London: Routledge.
2005a. Scale and Temporality in an Urban Settlement System: Fieldwork in Kilwa Region, Southern Tanzania. Nyame Akuma
2005b. Urbanisation at Kilwa, Tanzania, AD 800-1400. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Cambridge.