Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Cycles of change in Jomon settlement: a case study from eastern Tokyo Bay

  • Enrico R. Crema (a1)
Abstract

Japanese archaeology benefits from the large number of rescue excavations conducted during recent decades that have led to an unparalleled record of archaeological sites. That record is here put to use to interrogate changing settlement patterns in the north-eastern corner of Tokyo Bay during several millennia of the Jomon period (Early, Middle and Late Jomon: 7000–3220 cal BP). Jomon hunter-gatherer occupation is characterised by large numbers of settlements, some of them substantial in size, containing hundreds of individual pit-house residential units. Detailed analysis of the rank-size distribution of these settlements reveals a pattern in which periods of settlement clumping, with few large settlements, alternate with more dispersed settlement patterns on a regular cycle of approximately 600 years. The regularity of this cycle might suggest a correlation with cycles of climatic change, such as Bond events. Closer scrutiny shows, however, that such a correlation is unconvincing and suggests that cyclical change in Jomon settlement patterns may instead be due to other factors.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Bentley, R.A. 2003. Scale-free network growth and social inequality, in Bentley, R.A. & Maschner, H.D.G. (ed.) Complex systems and archaeology: empirical and theoretical applications:2742. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.
Bintliff, J. 1982. Settlement patterns, land tenure and social structure: a diachronic model, in Renfrew, C. & Shennan, S. (ed.) Ranking, resource and exchange:106-11. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bleed, P. & Matsui, A.. 2010. Why didn't agriculture develop in Japan? A consideration of Jomon ecological style, niche construction, and the origins of domestication. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 17:356-70.
Bond, G., Showers, W., Cheseby, M., Lotti, R., Almasi, P., Demenocal, P., Priore, P., Cullen, H., Hajdas, I. & Bonani, G.. 1997. A pervasive millennial-scale cycle in North Atlantic Holocene and glacial climates. Science 287:1257-66.
Buck, C.E., Litton, C.D. & Smith, A.F.M.. 1992. Calibration of radiocarbon results pertaining to related archaeological events. Journal of Archaeological Science 19:497512.
Chatters, J.C. & Prentiss, W.C.. 2005. A Darwinian macro-evolutionary perspective on the development of hunter-gatherer systems in northwestern North America. World Archaeology 37:4665.
Crawford, G.W. 2011. Advances in understanding early agriculture in Japan. Current Anthropology 52: S33145.
Crema, E.R. 2012. Modelling temporal uncertainty in archaeological analysis. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 19:440-61.
Crema, E.R. 2013. Spatial and temporal models of Jomon settlement. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University College London.
Crema, E.R. In press. A simulation model of fission-fusion dynamics and long-term settlement change. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory.
Drennan, R.D. & Peterson, C.E.. 2004. Comparing archaeological settlement systems with rank-size graphs: a measure of shape and statistical confidence. Journal of Archaeological Science 31:533-49.
Endo, M. 1997. Ainu to shuryo-saishu shakai: shudan no ryudosei ni kansuru chirigakuteki kenkyu [The Ainu as hunter-gatherers: a geographical study of residential mobility]. Tokyo: Taimeido hakko (in Japanese).
Ester, M., Kriegel, H.-P., Sander, J.R. & Xu, X.. 2009. A density-based algorithm for discovering clusters in large spatial databases with noise, in Simoudis, E., Han, J. & Fayyad, U.M. (ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD-96):226-31. Portland (OR): AAAI.
Griffin, A.F. 2011. Emergence of fusion/fission cycling and self-organized criticality from a simulation model of early complex polities. Journal of Archaeological Science 38:873-83.
Habu, J. 2001. Subsistence-settlement systems and intersite variability in the Moroiso phase of the Early Jomon period of Japan. Ann Arbor (MI): International Monographs in Prehistory.
Habu, J. 2008. Growth and decline in complex hunter-gatherer societies: a case study from the Jomon period Sannai Maruyama site, Japan. Antiquity 82:571-84.
Habu, J., Matsui, A., Yamamoto, N. & Kanno, T.. 2011. Shell midden archaeology in Japan: aquatic food acquisition and long-term change in the Jomon culture. Quaternary International 239:1927.
Imamura, K. 1999. Jomon no jitsuzo wo motomete. Tokyo: Yoshikawa kobunkan (in Japanese).
Imamura, K. 2010. Jomon jidai no jinko dotai, in Kosugi, Y., Taniguchi, Y., Nishida, Y., Mizunoe, W. & Yano, K. (ed.) Jomon jidai no kokogaku 1: Jomon bunka no rinkaku:6373. Tokyo: Doseisha (in Japanese).
Jones, R. 2010. The village and the butterfly: nucleation out of chaos and complexity. Landscapes 11:2546.
Kaner, S. 2011. The involution of complexity in Jomon Japan, in Cannon, A. (ed.) Structured worlds: the archaeology of hunter-gatherer thought and action:184204. Sheffield: Equinox.
Kobayashi, K. 2008. Jomon jidai no rekinendai, in Kosugi, Y., Taniguchi, Y., Nishida, Y., Mizunoe, W. & Yano, K. (ed.) Rekishi no monosashi: Jomon jidai kenkyu no hennen:257-69. Tokyo: Doseisha (in Japanese).
Kudo, Y. 2007. The temporal correspondences between the archaeological chronology and environmental changes from 11,500 to 2,800 cal BP on the Kanto Plain, eastern Japan. The Quaternary Research [Daiyonki-Kenkyu] 46:187-94.
Ortman, S.G., Glowacki, D.M., Varien, M.D. & Johnson, C.D.. 2012. The study area and the ancestral Pueblo occupation, in Kohler, T.A. & Varien, M.D. (ed.) Emergence and collapse of early villages: models of central Mesa Verde archaeology:1540. London: University of California Press.
Ouchi, C. 2008. Chiba-ken ni okeru shokibo shuraku no bunseki, in Kobayashi, K. & Kenkyukai, Settlement (ed.) Jomon kenkyū no shin-chihei (zoku): tateana-jukyo shuraku chosa no research:99106. Tokyo: Rokuichi-shobo (in Japanese).
Parnell, A.C., Haslett, J., Allen, J.R.M., Buck, C.E. & Huntley, B.. 2008. A flexible approach to assessing synchroneity of past events using Bayesian reconstructions of sedimentation history. Quaternary Science Reviews 27:1872-85.
Ratcliffe, J.H. & Mccullagh, M.J.. 1998. Aoristic crime analysis. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 12:751-64.
Renfrew, C. & Poston, T.. 1979. Discontinuities in the endogenous change of settlement pattern, in Renfrew, C. & Cooke, K.L. (ed.) Transformations: mathematical approaches to culture change:437-61. New York: Academic Press.
Robert, C.P. & Casella, G.. 2004. Monte Carlo statistical methods. New York: Springer.
Roberts, B.K. 1996. Landscapes of settlement: prehistory to the present. London: Routledge.
Rowley-Conwy, P. 2001. Time, change, and the archaeology of hunter-gatherers: how original is the ‘original affluent society’, in Panter-Brick, C., Layton, R.H. & Rowley-Conwy, P. (ed.) Hunter-gatherer: an interdisciplinary perspective:3972. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Savage, S.H. 1997. Assessing departures from log-normality in the rank-size rule. Journal of Archaeological Science 24:233-44.
Suzuki, K. & Suzuki, T. (ed.). 2010. Shuraku no hensen to chiikisei. Tokyo: Yuzankaku (in Japanese).
Taniguchi, Y. 1993. Jomon shuraku no ryoiki. Kikan Kokogaku 44:6771 (in Japanese).
Taniguchi, Y. 2005. Kanjo-shuraku to Jomon shakai kozo. Tokyo: Gakuseisha (in Japanese).
Toizumi, T. & Nishino, M.. 1999. Jomon koki no miyakogawa-muratagawa ryoiki kaizuka-gun. Chibaken Bunkazai Sentaa Kenkyukiyo 19:151-71 (in Japanese).
Tsude, H. 1995. Archaeological theory in Japan, in Ucko, P.J. (ed.) Theory in archaeology: a world perspective:298311. London: Routledge.
Tsumura, H. 2002. Kukan complex no chushutsu to isekikan kankei hyouka no hoho: kokogaku ni okeru kukan bunseki [A methodological approach to the assessment of inter-site conjunction]. Zooarchaeology 18:3954 (in Japanese).
Tsumura, H. 2006. Site-catchment analysis of prehistoric settlements by reconstructing paleoenvironments with GIS, in Okabe, A. (ed.) GIS-based studies in the humanities and social sciences:175-90. Boca Raton (FL): CRC.
Uchiyama, J. 2006. The environmental troublemaker's burden? Jomon perspectives on foraging land use change, in Grier, C., Kim, J. & Uchiyama, J. (ed.) Beyond affluent foragers: rethinking hunter-gatherer complexity:136-68. Oxford: Oxbow.
Watanabe, H. 1986. Community habitation and food gathering in prehistoric Japan: an ethnographic interpretation of the archaeological evidence, in Pearson, R.J., Barnes, G.L. & Hutterer, K.L. (ed.) Windows on the Japanese past: studies in archaeology and prehistory:229-54. Ann Arbor: Centre for Japanese Studies, University of Michigan.
Woodburn, J. 1968. Stability and flexibility in Hadza residential groupings, in Lee, R.B. & Devore, I. (ed.) Man the hunter:103-10. Chicago (IL): de Gruyter.
Zipf, G.K. 1949. Human behavior and the principle of least effort. Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed