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Druids as Fact and Symbol

  • D. Ellis Evans

Professor Stuart Piggott's book is the first serious attempt for over forty years to deal systematically with a full range of sources concerning the druids. Sir Thomas Kendrick's study The Druids, A Study in Keltic Prehistory (London, 1927; re-issued New York, 1966), still enjoys an enviable reputation as a comprehensive treatment of the varied source-material on which an account of the druids can be based. It would be quite wrong to suggest that scholars have not in the meantime tried to understand more fully some of the complexity of this material, but we can fairly claim that it is only within the last nine or ten years that we have had a spate of publications attempting a new critical analysis of various aspects of this field of study. Incidentally, an earlier work of considerable importance that is not included in Piggott's bibliography is J. Vendryes, 'La religion des Celtes', in Les rel%ions de I'Europe ancienne, iii ('Mana', Introduction rf I'histoire des religions 2), Paris, 1948.

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Adams, W. 1968. ‘Invasion, Diffusion, Evolution?’, antiquity, 1968, 194.
Dudley, D. R. and Webster, G. 1965. The Roman Conquest of Britain. London.
Duval, P.-M. 1966. ‘Posidonios et la Gaule’, Revue des études anciennes, LXVIII, 1966, 346.
Fleuriot, L. 1964. Dictionnaire des gloses en vieux breton. Paris (79 s.v. barcot, 150 s.v. dorguid).
Foster, I. , LL. 1966. Review of Celtic Heritage, by A. Rees and B. Rees, Celtica, VII, 231.
Guyonvarc’h, CH.-J. 1960. ‘Les noms celtiques du “chêne”, du “druide” et du “roitelet” ‘, Ogam, XII, 49.
Guyonvarc’h, CH.-J. 1963. ‘Keltische Wortsymbolik’, Kairos, III, 1963, 189.
Guyonvarc’h, CH.-J. 1966. ‘Le Druide (*dru-(y)id-es) et le fou (*dru-to-s)’ and ‘Remarques sur le nom des Druides, *dru- (u)id-es “très savants” ‘, Ogam, XVIII, 10911.
Le Roux, F. 1961. Les Druides. Paris. (For a double review of this book see Duval and Bachellery, Etudes celtiques, XI/2, 1966/7, 518. See also MacWhite, Journal des savants, 1961, 181).
Tierney, J. J. 1960. ‘The Celtic Ethnography of Posidonius’, Proc. Royal Irish Acad., LX, Sect. C, 189.
Williams, G. J. 1956. Iolo Morganwg, Vol. 1. Cardiff.
Williams, G. J. 1963. Iolo Morganwg. London (B.B.C. Lecture) (see also Llên Cymru, IV/1 (1956), 15 on Leland, Bale and druidic tradition, VII/3–4 (1963), 213 for the Gorsedd of the Bards and Freemasonry, and (ed. Aneirin Lewis) Agweddau ar Hanes Dysg Gymraeg: Detholiad o Ddarlithiau G. J. Williams (Cardiff, 1969), 124 for the Eisteddfod and the Gorsedd).
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  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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