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Explorations in the Northern Fayum

  • G. Caton-Thompson

In the winter seasons of 1924-5, and 1925-6 the British School of Archaeology in Egypt granted me generous facilities to go to the Fayum and conduct, on its behalf, a preliminary inquiry into the question of the significance of the obscure prehistoric period known there since many years by the quantities of fine and varied flint implements reported, and picked up, on the desert surface of the northern area, by explorers and dealers.

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1 The following description is contributed by Miss E. W. Gardner, geologist to the expedition.

2 Figured in Man, 96. 1925. Plate K, no. 2.

3 Sudan Notes and Records, 1919. vol. 2, no. 4.

4 A possible exception may have to be made for a primitive settlement at Helwan, near Cairo, discovered by Father Bovier Lapièrre, which is unpublished, and only very imperfectly explored. The site contains “fonds de cabanes”, rough pottery, and fragments of polished axes, and is clearly quite unconnected with the well-known Helwan microlithic industry.

5 Nature, I8 June 1927.

6 See DrBall, J. Geographical Journal, July, August and September 1927.

7 See our paper, Journal Royal Anthropological Institute, vol. 56 (1926). 304, 313.

8 Beadnell, H.J.E. Topography and Geology of the Fayunt Province.

9 Bet Khalláf. Hierakonpolis. Sakkara. Témenos of Osiris, Abydos.

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  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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