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Finding Alcatrazes and early Luso-African settlement on Santiago Island, Cape Verde

  • Christopher Evans (a1), Marie Louise Stig Sørensen (a1), Michael J. Allen (a2), Jo Appleby (a3), Tania Manuel Casimiro (a4), Charles French (a1), Sarah Inskip (a1), Jose Lima (a5), Richard Newman (a1), Konstantin Richter (a6) and Rob Scaife (a7)...
Extract

After the Portuguese discovered the Cape Verde Islands in AD 1456 they divided its main island, Santiago, into two governing captaincies. The founding settlement in the south-west, Cidade Velha, soon became the Islands’ capital and a thriving trade centre; in contrast, that in the east, Alcatrazes, only lasted as an official seat from 1484–1516 and is held to have ‘failed’ (see Richter 2015).

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*Authors for correspondence (Email: cje30@cam.ac.uk; mlss@cam.ac.uk)
References
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Evans C. & Sørensen M.L.S.. 2016. A place of arrivals: forging a nation's identity at Cidade Velha. Current World Archaeology 75: 3236.
Evans C., Sørensen M.L.S. & Richter K.. 2012. An Early Christian church in the Tropics: excavation of the N.S. da Conceição, Cidade Velha, Cape Verde, in T. Green (ed.) Brokers of change: Atlantic commerce and cultures in Precolonial Western Africa (Proceedings of the British Academy 178): 173–92. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Richter K. 2015. Gone with the wind . . . why Alcatrazes, the second European tropical settlement, vanished. Mande Studies 16–17: 119–67.
Rodrigues M.C. 2001. Contribuição para o Estduo de Estações Arquehistóricas em Cabo Verde: os concheiros de Salamanza e João D’Évora Ilha de S. Vicente [Contribution for the study of archaeo-historical stations in Cape Verde: the shell middens of Salamanza and João D’ Évora, Island of S. Vicente]. Portugalia 21–22: 249–80.
Sørensen M.L.S., Evans C. & Richter K.. 2011. A place of history: archaeology and heritage at Cidade Velha, Cape Verde, in Lane P. & MacDonald K. (ed.) Slavery in Africa: archaeology and memory (Proceedings of the British Academy 168): 421–42. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
van Tilburg J.A. 2002. O.G.S. Crawford and the Mana expedition to Easter Island (Rapa Nui), 1913–1915. Journal of the Polynesian Society 111: 6578.
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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