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The Georgian Caucasus and its resources: the exploitation of the Mount Chikiani uplands during the metal ages

  • Paolo Biagi (a1) and Renato Nisbet (a1)
Abstract

Recent surveys around Mount Chikiani in the Georgian Caucasus have revealed intensive prehistoric exploitation of high-altitude obsidian resources, far beyond the scale previously documented.

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*Author for correspondence (Email: pavelius@unive.it)
References
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Badalyan, R.S., Chataigner, C. & Kohl, P.. 2004. Trans-Caucasian obsidian: the exploitation of the sources and their distribution, in Sagona, A. (ed.) A view from the highlands. Archaeological studies in honour of C. Burney (Ancient Near Eastern Studies 12): 437–65. Leuven: Peeters.
Biagi, P. & Gratuze, B.. 2016. New data on source characterization and exploitation of obsidian from the Chikiani Area (Georgia). Eurasiatica 6: 935. https://doi.org/10.14277/6969-093-8/EUR-6-1.
Biagi, P., Nisbet, R. & Gratuze, B.. 2017a. Discovery of obsidian mines on Mount Chikiani in the Lesser Caucasus of Georgia. Antiquity Project Gallery 91(357). https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2017.39.
Biagi, P., Nisbet, R. & Gratuze, B.. 2017b. Obsidian mines and their characterization: new aspects of the exploitation of the obsidian sources of Mt. Chikiani (Koyun Dağ) in the Lesser Caucasus of Georgia. The Quarry 12: 224.
Connor, S.E. 2006. A promethean legacy: Late Quaternary vegetation history of southern Georgia, Caucasus. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Faculty of Arts, Social and Environmental Enquiry, University of Melbourne. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/11343/39418 (accessed 9 March 2018).
Gobejishvili, G. 1980. The culture of the Bedeni burial mounds. Tbilisi: Metsniereba (in Georgian).
Kvavadze, E. & Narimanishvili, G.. 2010. The palaeolandscapes of the Tsalka Plateau in the Late Pleistocene and Holocene (according to palynological data from archaeological and geological material), in Gamkrelidze, G. (ed.) Rescue archaeology in Georgia: Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan South Caucasian pipelines: 582606. Tbilisi: Georgian National Museum.
Messager, E., Belmecheri, S., Von Grafenstein, U., Nomade, S., Ollivier, V., Voinchet, P., Puaud, S., Courtin-Nomade, A., Guillou, H., Mgeladze, A., Dumoulin, J.-P., Mazuy, A. & Lordkipanidze, D.. 2013. Late Quaternary record of the vegetation and catchment-related changes from Lake Paravani (Javakheti, South Caucasus). Quaternary Science Reviews 77: 125–40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.07.011.
Motzenbäcker, I. & Narimanishvili, G.. 2011. Archäologische Ausgrabungen im Dorf Santa (Trialeti, Georgien). Dziebani 20: 7384.
Narimanishvili, G. 2010. Trialeti in the 15th and 14th centuries BC, in Gamkrelidze, G. (ed.) Rescue archaeology in Georgia: Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan South Caucasian pipelines: 312–69. Tbilisi: Georgian National Museum.
Narimanishvili, G. & Khimshiashvili, K.. 2009. The Bronze Age settlements from Trialeti, in Beridze, V. (ed.) 1st International symposium of Georgian culture. Georgian art in the context of European and Asian cultures: 2832. Tbilisi: Georgian Arts & Culture Center.
Narimanishvili, G., Shanshashvili, N. & Narimanihvili, D.. 2015. Menhirs from South Caucasus, in Işiklı, M. & Can, B. (ed.) International symposium on east Anatolia–South Caucasus cultures: proceedings I: 212–20. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars.
Nasedkin, V.V., Sergeev, N.N., Alibegashvili, G. Ya. & Rixiladze, L.G.. 1983. Geological structure of the Paravani perlite deposit, in Geology and genesis of the most important endogenic non-metallic deposits: 186–98. Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).
Zischow, A.S. 2004. Die Bronzezeitlichen Fundplätze des Tsalka-Plateaus in Trialeti/Georgien im Kontext der Bronzezeit Transkaukasien. Unpublished MA dissertation, Tübingen University.
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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