Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Goddesses, Gimbutas and New Age archaeology

  • Lynn Meskell (a1)
Extract

For a century a notion of a prehistoric Mother Goddess has infused some perceptions of ancient Europe, whatever the realities of developing archaeological knowledge. With the reverent respect now being given to Marija Gimbutas, and her special vision of a perfect matriarchy in Old Europe, a daughter-goddess is now being made, bearer of a holy spirit in our own time, to be set alongside the wise mother of old.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Anthony, D.W. In press. Nazi and ecofeminist prehistories: ideology and empiricism in Indo–European archaeology, in Kohl, P. & Fawcett, C. (ed.), Nationalism, politics and the practice of archaeology: 132. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bacus, E.A. et al. 1993. A gendered past: a critical review of gender in archaeology. Ann Arbor (MI): University of Michigan Press.
Brown, S. 1993. Feminist research in archaeology. What does it mean? Why is it taking so long?, in Rabinowitz, & Richlin, (ed.): 238–71.
Chapman, J. 1991. The creation of social arenas in the Neolithic and copper age of SE Europe: the case of Varna, in Garwood, P. et al. (ed.), Sacred and profane: 152–71. Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology. Monograph 32.
Chapman, J. 1994. Destruction of a common heritage: the archaeology of war in Croatia, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Antiquity 68: 120–26.
Childe, V.G. 1927. The dawn of European civilization. 2nd edition. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner.
Childe, V.G. 1951. Social evolution. London: Watts.
Conkey, M.W. 1992. Mobilising ideologies: the archaeologies of Paleolithic ‘art’. Paper delivered to the American Anthropological Association, San Francisco.
Conkey, M.W. & Tringham, R.E.. In press. Archaeology and the Goddess: exploring the contours of feminist archaeology, in Stewart, A. & Stanton, D. (ed.), Feminisms in the academy: rethinking the disciplines. Ann Arbor (MI): University of Michigan Press.
Crawford, O.G.S. 1957. The eye goddess. London: Phoenix House.
Davis, W. 1992. Masking the blow: the scene of representation in late prehistoric Egyptian art. Berkeley (CA): University of California Press.
Demoule, J.-P. & Perles, C.. 1993. The Greek Neolithic: a new review, Journal of World Prehistory 7(4): 355416.
Dobres, M.-A. 1992a. Re–presentations of Palaeolithic visual imagery: simulacra and their alternatives, Kroeher Anthropological Society Papers 73–4: 125.
Dobres, M.-A. 1992b. Re-considering Venus figurines: a feminist-inspired re-analysis, in Goldsmith, A.S. et al. (ed.), Ancient images, ancient thought: the archaeology of ideology. Proceedings of the 1990 Chacmool conference: 245–62. Alberta: University of Calgary.
Ehrenberg, M. 1989. Women in prehistory. London: British Museum Publications.
Elsler, R. 1987. The chalice and the blade: our history, our future. San Francisco (CA): Harper Row.
Fagan, D.M. 1992. A sexist view of prehistory, Archaeology 45(2): 1416, 18,66.
Frymer-Kensky, T. 1992. In the wake of the goddess: women, culture and the biblical transformation of pagan myth. New York (NY): Ballantine.
Gero, J.M. & Conkey, M.W.. 1991. Tensions, pluralities and engendering archaeology: an introduction to women and prehistory, in Gero, & Conkey, (ed.): 229.
Gero, J.M. & Conkey, M.W. (ed.). 1991. Engendering archaeology: women and prehistory. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Gill, D.W.J. & Chippindale, C.. 1993. Material and intellectual consequences of esteem for Cycladic figures, American Journal of Archaeology 97: 601–59.
Gimbutas, M. 1965. The Bronze Age cultures in central and eastern Europe. The Hague: Mouton.
Gimbutas, M. 1970. Proto-Indo-European culture: the Kurgan culture during the 5th, 4th and 3rd millennium DC in Cardona, G. et al. (ed.), Indo-European and Indo-Euro-peans: 155–97. Philadelphia (PA): University of Pennsylvania Press.
Gimbutas, M. 1971a. The Slavs. London: Thames & Hudson.
Gimbutas, M. 1971b (ed.). Neolithic Macedonia: as reflected by excavations at Anza, southeast Yugoslavia. Los Angeles (CA): UCLA Institute of Archaeology. Monumenta Archaeologica 1.
Gimbutas, M. 1973. The beginning of the Bronze Age in Europe and the Indo-Europeans — 3500–2500 BC, Journal of Indo-European Studies 1(2): 163214.
Gimbutas, M. 1974. Gods and goddesses of old Europe. London: Thames & Hudson.
Gimbutas, M. 1981. Vulvas, breasts and buttocks of the Goddess Creatress: commentary on the origins of art, in Buccellati, G. & Speroni, C. (ed.), The shape of the past. Studies in honour of Franklin D. Murphy: 1940. Los Angeles (CA): UCLA Institute of Archaeology.
Gimbutas, M. 1986. Mythical imagery of Sitagroi society, in Renfrew, et al. (ed.): 225301.
Gimbutas, M. 1989a. The language of the Goddess: unearthing hidden symbols of western civilisation. London: Thames and Hudson.
Gimbutas, M. 1989b. Women and culture in Goddess-oriented Old Europe, in Plaskow, J. & Christ, C.C. (ed.), Weaving the visions: 6371. San Francisco (CA): Harpers.
Gimbutas, M. 1991. The civilization of the Goddess: the world of Old Europe. San Francisco (CA): Harpers.
Gimbutas, M. 1992. The age of the Goddess: ancient roots of the emerging feminine consciousness. Boulder (CO): Sounds True Recordings. Audio tape #A192.
Gimbutas, M., Winn, S. & Shimabuku, D.. 1989. Achilleion: a Neolithic settlement in Thessaly, Greece 6400–5600 BC. Los Angeles (CA): UCLA Institute of Archaeol.
Hallett, J.P. 1993. Feminist theory, historical periods, literary canons, and the study of Greco-Roman antiquity’ in Rabinowitz, & Richlin, (ed.): 4472.
Handsman, R.G. 1991. Whose art was found at Lepinski Vir?: gender relations and power in archaeology, in Gero, & Conkey, (ed.): 329–65.
Hayden, B. 1986. Old Europe: sacred matriarchy or complimentary opposition, in Bonanno, A. (ed.), Archaeology and fertility cult in the Mediterranean: 1741. Amsterdam: B.R. Grunner.
Hays, K.A. 1993. When is a symbol archaeologically meaningful?: meaning, function and prehistoric visual arts, in Yoffee, N. & Sherratt, A. (ed.), Archaeological theory: who sets the agenda?: 8192. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hodder, I.R. 1987. Contextual archaeology: an interpretation of Catal Hüyük and a discussion of the origins of agriculture, University of London Institute of Archaeology Bulletin 24: 4356.
Hodder, I.R. 1990. The domestication of Europe: structure and contingency in Neolithic societies. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Humphreys, S.C. 1983. The family, women and death: comparative studies. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Johnson, H.. & Olsen, B.. 1992. Hermeneutics and archaeology: on the philosophy of contextual archaeology, American Antiquity 57(3): 419–36.
Mcpherron, A. 1991. Review of Gimbutas et al. (1989), American Antiquity 56(3): 567–8.
Mallory, J.P. 1989. In search of the Indo-Europeans. London: Thames & Hudson.
Malone, C., Bonanno, A., Gouder, T., Stoddart, S. & Trump, D.. 1993. The death cults of prehistoric Malta, Scientific American (December): 7683.
Marinescu-Bîlcu, . 1981. Tìrpesti: from prehistory to history in eastern Romania. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports. International series 107.
Milojkovic, J. 1990. The anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figurines, in Tringham, & Krstic, (ed.): 397436.
Murray, J. 1970. The first European agriculture, a study of the osteological and botanical evidence untii 2000 BC. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Orenstein, G.F. 1990. The refloweringof the Goddess. New York (NY): Pergamon Press.
Pavlovic, M.. 1990. The aesthetics of Neolithic figurines, in Vinca and its world: international symposium. The Danubian region from 6000 to 3000 HC. Belgrade, Smederevska Palanka, October 1988: 33–4. Belgrade: Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Passman, T. 1993. Out of the closet and into the field: matriculture, lesbian perspective and feminist classics, in Rabinowitz, & Richlin, (ed.): 181208.
Pogozheva, A.P. 1983. Antropomorfnaya plastika Tripol’ya. Novosibirsk: Akademiia Nauk, Sibirskoe Otdolenie.
Rabinowitz, N.S. & Richlin, A. (ed.). 1993. Feminist theory and the Classics. New York (NY): Routledge.
Renfrew, C. 1987. Archaeology and language: the puzzle of Indo-European origins. London: Jonathan Cape.
Renfrew, C., Gimbutas, M. & Elster, E.S.. 1986. Excavations at Sitagroi 1: a prehistoric village in northeast Greece. Los Angeles (CA): UCLA Institute of Archaeology. Monumenta Archaeologica 13.
Renfrew, C., Peebles, C., Hodder, I., Bender, B., Flannery, K.V. & Margus, J.. 1993. What is cognitive archaeology? Cambridge Archaeological Journal 3(2): 247–70.
Renfrew, C. & Zubrow, E.B. (ed.). 1994. The ancient mind: elements of cognitive archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Robins, G. 1993. Women in ancient Egypt. London: British Museum Press.
Runnels, C. 1990. Review of Gimbutas et al. (1989), Journal of Field Archaeology 17: 341–5.
Shanks, M. & Tilley, C.. 1987. Re-constructing archaeology: theory and practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Spretnak, C. 1992. Lost goddesses of early Greece. Boston (MA): Beacon Press.
Starhawk, . 1982. Dreaming the dark: magic, sex and politics. Boston (MA): Beacon Press.
Talalay, L.E. 1987. Rethinking the function of clay figurine legs from Neolithic Greece: an argument by analogy, American Journal of Archaeology 91: 161–9.
Talalay, L.E. 1991. Body imagery of the ancient Aegean, Archaeology 44(4): 46–9.
Talalay, L.E. 1993. Dolls, deities and devices. Neolithic figurines from Franthchi cave, Greece. Bloomington (IN): Indiana University Press. Excavations at Franchthi Cave, Greece 9.
Tringham, R.E. 1991. Households with faces: the challenge of gender in prehistoric architectural remains, in Gero, & Conkey, (ed.): 93131.
Tringham, R.E. 1993. Review of Gimbutas (1991), American Anthropologist 95: 196–7.
Tringham, R.E. & Krstic, D. (ed.). 1990. Selevac: a Neolithic village in Yugoslavia. Los Angeles (CA): UCLA Institute of Archaeology. Monumenta Archaeologica 15.
Ucko, P.J. 1968. Anthropomorphic figures of predynastic Egypt and Neolithic Crete with comparative material from the prehistoric Near East and Mainland Greece. London: Andrew Szmidla.
Van Leuven, J. 1993. Review of Gimbutas (1991), Journal of Prehistoric Religion 7: 83–4.
Vermeule, E. 1964. Greece in the Bronze Age. Chicago (IL): University of Chicago Press.
Wall, S.M., Musgrave, J.H. & Warren, P.M.. 1986. Human bones from a late Minoan lb house at Knossos, Annual of the British School at Athens 81: 333–88.
Wylie, M.A. 1991. Gender theory and the archaeological record: why is there no archaeology of gender?, in Gero, & Conkey, (ed.): 3147.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed