Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Horse, wagon & chariot: Indo-European languages and archaeology

  • David W. Anthony (a1)
Abstract

New discoveries across the steppe zone of eastern Europe, and new dates relating to those discoveries, keep that oldest of archaeological puzzles, the Indo-European question, happily unanswered. A version of this paper was given at a 1994 meeting, on ‘Language, culture and biology in prehistoric central Eurasia’—its title a reminder that the biological view of Indo-European may again be a growing interest.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Anthony D.W. 1991. The archaeology of Indo-European, origins, Journalof Indo-European Studies 19 (3&4): 193222.
Anthony D.W. 1994. The earliest horseback riders and Indo-European origins: new evidence from the steppes, in Hänsel & Zimmer (ed.): 185–97.
Anthony D.W. 1995. Is there a future for the past? An overview of archaeology in western Russia and Ukraine, Journal of Archaeological Research 3 (3): 177204.
Anthony D.W. In press. Migration as social process: material and ideological constraints, in Chapman J. & Hamerow H. (ed.), Migrations and invasions in archaeological explanation: long-term perspectives Washington (DC): Anthropological Quarterly.
Anthony D.W. & Brown D. 1991. The origins of horseback riding, Antiquity 65 2238.
Anthony D.W. Telegin D.Y. & Brown D. 1991. The origin of horseback riding, Scientific American 265 (6): 94100.
Anthony D.W. & Vinogradov N.B. In press. The birth of the chariot, Archaeology 48 (2).
Anthony D.W. & Wailes B. 1988. CA review of Archaeology and language by Colin Renfrew, Current Anthropology 29 (3). 441–5.
Atkinson R.R. 1989. The evolution of ethnicity among the Acholi of Uganda: the precolonial phase, Ethnohistory 36 (1): 1943.
Barth F. 1981. Ethnic processes on the Pathan-Baluch boundary, in Barth F. (ed.), Features of person and society in Swat. Collected essays on Pathans. Selected essays of Fredrick Barth II: 93102. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. (Originally published 1963, in G. Redard (ed.), Indo-Iranica, Wiesbaden.)
Bellwood P. 1989. The colonization of the Pacific: some current hypotheses, in Hill A.V. & Serjeantson S.W. (ed.), The colonization of the Pacific: a genetic trail: 159. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Bentley G.C. 1981. Migration, ethnic identity, and state building in the Philippines: the Suhl case, in Keyes C.F. (ed.), Ethnic change: 118–53. Seattle (WA): University of Washington Press.
Bogucki P. 1993. Animal traction and household economies in neolithic Europe, Antiquity 67: 492503.
Bondar N.N. & Telegin D.Y. (ed.). 1988. Novye Pamiatniki Yamnoi Kul’tury Stepnoi Zony Ukrainy. Kiev: Naukova Dumka.
Bynon T. 1977. Historical linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chernykh E.N. 1992. Ancient metallurgy in the USSR. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Clarke D. 1968. Analytical archaeology. London: Methuen.
Collinder B. 1965. An introduction to the Uralic languages. Los Angeles (CA): University of California Press.
Ecsedy I. 1979. The people of the pit-grave kurgans in eastern Hungary. Budapest: Akademiai Kiado.
Gamkrelidze T.V. 1966. A typology of common Kartvelian, Language 42: 6983.
Gamkrelidze T.V. & Ivanov V.V. 1984. Indoevropeiskii Yazyk i Indoevropeitsy. Tbilisi: Tbliliskogo Universiteta.
Gei A.N. 1991. Novotitorovksaya kul’tura, Sovietskaya Arkheologiya 1: 5471.
Gening V.F. & Zdanovich G.B. & Gening V.V. 1992. Sintashta. Chelyabinsk: luzhno-Ural’skoe Knizhnoe Izdatel’stvo.
Gimbutas M. 1977. The first wave of Eurasian steppe pastoralists into copper age Europe, Journal of Indo-European Studies 5: 277338.
Hainsworth J.B. 1972. Some observations on the Indo-European placenames of Greece, in Acta, second international colloquium on Aegean prehistory: the first arrival of Indo-European elements in Greece: 3942. Athens: Ministry of Culture and Sciences.
Hänsel B. & Zimmer S. (ed.). 1994. Die Indogermanen und das Pferd. Budapest: Archaeolingua.
Häusler A. 1994. Archäologische Zeugnisse für Pferd und Wagen in Ost- und Mitteleuropa, in Hänsel & Zimmer (ed.): 217–58.
Hodder I. 1978. Simple correlations between material culture and society: a review, in Hodder I. (ed.), The spatial organisation of culture: 324. Pittsburgh (PA): University of Pittsburgh Press.
Huld M. 1990. The linguistic typology of the Old European substrate in north central Europe, Journal of Indo-European Studies 18 (3&4): 389423.
Izbitzer Y. 1993. Wheeled vehicle burials of the steppe zone of Eastern Europe and the Northern Caucasus, 3rd to 2nd millennium BC. Doctoral thesis, Institute of the History of Material Culture, St Petersburg, Russia. (English abstract.)
Joki A.J. 1973. Uralier und Indogermanen; Die älteren Berührungen zwischen den Uralischen und Indogermanischen Sprachen. Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura.
Jorgensen J.G. 1980. Western Indians: comparative environments, languages, and cultures of 172 western Indian tribes. San Francisco (CA): W. H. Freeman.
Kopytoff I. 1987. The internal African frontier: the making of African political culture, in Kopytoff I. (ed.), The African frontier. The reproduction of traditional African societies: 384. Bloomington (IN): Indiana University Press.
Kuzmina E.E. 1994. Otkuda Prishli Indoarii? Moskva: M.G.P. ‘Kalina’ VINITI R.A.N.
Maliutina T.S. 1991. Stratigraficheskaya positsiya materialov Fedorovskoi kul’tury na mnogosloinykh posolcniakh Kazakhstanskikh stepei, in Drevnosti Vostochno-Evropeiskoi Lesostepi: 141–61. Samara: Samarskii Gosudarstvennyi Pedagogicheskii Institut.
Mallory J.P. 1989. In search of the Indo-Europeans. London: Thames & Hudson.
Mallory J.P. 1992. Migration and language change, Universitetets oldsaksamlings skrifter ny rekke (Oslo) 14 145–53.
Mallory J.P. & Adams D.Q. Forthcoming. Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture. New York (NY): Garland Press.
Martin J. 1994. Modeling language contact in the prehistory of the southeastern United States, in Kwachka P.B. (ed.), Perspectives on the southeast. Linguistics, archaeology, and ethnohistory: 1424. Athens (GA): University of Georgia Press.
Meid W. 1994. Die Terminologie von Pferd und Wagen im Indogermanischen, in Hänsel & Zimmer (ed.): 5365.
Merpert N.Y. 1974. Drevneishie skotovody Volzhsko-Uralkogo mezhdurechiya. Moskva: Akademiia Nauk.
Merpert N.Y. 1991. Die neolithisch-äneolithischen Denkmäler der Pontisch-Kaspischen Steppen und der Formierungsprozess der frühen Gruhengrabkultur, in Lichardus J. (ed.), Die Kupferziet als Historische Epoche: 3546. Bonn.
Moore C.C. & Romney A.K. 1994. Material culture, geographic propinquity, and linguistic affiliation on the north coast of New Guineau: a reanalysis of Welsch, Terrell & Nadolski (1992), American Anthropologist 96 (2): 370–91.
Mosin V.S. 1990. K voprosu o preemstvennosti eneolitabronzy v iuzhnom Zaural’c, in Arkheologiya Volgo- Ural’skikh stepei: 1525. Chelyabinsk: Chelyabinskii Gosudarstvennyi Universitet.
Nichols J. 1992. Linguistic diversity in space and time. Chicago (IL): University of Chicago Press.
Nichols J. 1992. The origin and dispersal of Indo-European. Unpublished paper presented at the 93rd annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Atlanta, Georgia.
O’flaherty W.D. 1981. The Rig Veda. An anthology. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Parpola A. 1995. Formation of the Aryan branch of Indo-European. Unpublished paper presented at the World Archaeological Conngress 3, New Delhi.
Panaiotov I. 1989. Yamnata Kulturo v B’lgarskite Zemi. Sofia: B’lgarskata Akademiya Naukite. Razkopki i Prouchvaniya 21.
Piggott S. 1983. The earliest wheeled transport: from the Atlantic coast to the Caspian Sea. Ithaca (NY)??OK??: Cornell University Press.
Polomé E.C. 1986. The non-Indo-European component of the Germanic lexicon, in Etter A. (ed.) O-o-pe-ro-si: Festschrift für Ernst Risch: 661–72. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Renfrew C. 1987. Archaeology and language: the puzzle of Indo-European origins. London: Jonathan Cape.
Renfrew C. 1988. Author’s precis and reply: CA book review of Archaeology and language: the puzzle of Indo-European origins, Current Anthropology 29 437–41, 463-6.
Renfrew C. 1992. Archaeology, genetics and linguistic diversity, Man 27 (3): 445–78.
Robb J. 1991. Random causes with directed effects: the Indo-European language spread and the stochastic loss of lineages, Antiquity 65: 287–91.
Robb J. 1993. A social prehistory of European languages, Antiquity 67: 747–60.
Sherratt A.G. 1983. The development of neolithic and copper age settlement in the great Hungarian plain, Part II: site survey and settlement dynamics, Oxford Journal of Archaeology 2 (1): 1341.
Specht F. 1944. Der Ursprung der lndogermanischen Deklination. Göttingen: Vandenhocck & Ruprecht.
Stewart A.H. 1976. Graphic representation of models in linguistic theory. Bloomington (IN): Indiana University Press.
Telegin D.Y. 1986. Dereivka. A settlement and cemetery of Copper Age horse keepers on the Middle Dnieper. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports. International series 287.
Thomason S.G. & Kaufman T. 1988. Language contact, creolization, and genetic linguistics. Berkeley (CA): University of California Press.
Wiessner P. 1983. Style and social information in Kalahari San projectile points, American Antiquity 48 (2): 253–75.
Wobst M. 1977. Stylistic behavior and information exchange, in Cleland C.E. (ed.) Papers for the Director: research essays in honor of James B. Griffin: 317–42. Ann Arbor (MI): University of Michigan. Anthropological papers of the Muscum of Anthropology 61.
Zaibert V.F. 1993. Eneolit Uralo-lrtyshskogo mezhdurech’ia. Petropavlovsk: Nauka, Kazakhstan.
Zdanovich G.B. 1984. Otnositel’naya khronologiia pamiatnikov bronzovogo veka Uralo-Kazakhstanskikh stepei, in Bronzovyi vek Uralo-Irtyshskogo mezhdurech’ya: 317. Chelyabinsk: Chelyabinskii Gosudarstvennyi Universitet.
Zvelebil M. 1994. Indo-European origins and the agricultural transition in Europe. Unpublished ms.
Zvelebil M. & Zvelebil K. 1988. Agricultural transition and Indo-European dispersals, Antiquity 62: 574–83.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 45 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 494 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th February 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.