Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

The Last Decade in New Zealand Archaeology. Part II

  • J. Golson and P. W. Gathercole
Abstract

Clearly this is a major problem in New Zealand culture history. One of the present writers has recently outlined the problem and assembled the archaeological materials available for its solution, using excavated evidence for the Moa-hunters and, in the absence of dependable archaeological data, inferring the Maori culture traits relevant to the comparison from a variety of sources, mainly descriptions, drawings and collections made by Europeans in the early days of contact. The result has been to isolate the common elements, point out the distinguishing ones, and define the areas of our present ignorance.

The latter include, besides the question of agriculture already discussed, that of warfare. Though none of the evidences to be expected for this—weapons, defensive arrangements, or cannibalism—has been found in unequivocal Moa-hunter contexts, it must be admitted that the search has been restricted. Fortified sites (pa) are a prolific feature of the North Island cultural landscape, but very few have been properly excavated. The results of such investigations as have been made are hardly conclusive, and although the argument favouring Moa-hunter fortification in the Bay of Plenty cannot now be sustained, it would be well to keep the question open. The absence of weapons from Moa-hunter sites is a factor of some importance in this argument, but the Polynesian armoury was rendered almost exclusively in wood, and only stone or bone weapons of the patu type (FIG. 8) will be commonly found in archaeological deposits. Limited excavations on six undeniably fortified sites in the Auckland province have, however, failed to uncover a single weapon. The only piece of positive evidence for Moa-hunter weapons is the Horowhenua bone patu (FIG. 7) associated in a grave with a rare type of amulet, definitely known to the Moa-hunters though not necessarily distinctive of them.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Adkin, G. L. 1960. ‘An Adequate Culture Nomenclature for the New Zealand Area’. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 69: 228238.
Ambrose, W. 1962. ‘Further investigations at Kauri Point, Katikati’, New Zealand Arch, Assoc-Newsletter, 5, No. 1, 5657.
Ambrose, W. and Davis, F. 1958. ‘Interim Report on the Recording of Maori Rock Shelter Art at Benmore’. National Historic Places Trust, Annual Report: 1123.
Ambrose, W.. 1960. ‘Final Report on the Recording of Maori Rock Shelter Art at Benmore’. National Historic Places Trust, Annual Report: 1416.
Ambrose, W., Ambrose, J., and Davis, F. 1959. ‘Further Report of the Recording of Maori Rock Shelter Art at Benmore’. National Historic Places Trust, Annual Report: 1924.
Bell, R. E. 1958. ‘Proceedings of the New Zealand Archaeological Society : 4—Dendrochronology’. New Zealand Science Review, 16: 1317.
Burrows, E. G. 1938. ‘Western Polynesia. A Study in Cultural Differentiation’. Etnologiska Studier, 7: 1192.
Collingwood, R. G. 1944. An Autobiography. London, Penguin Books Ltd.
Gathercole, P. W. 1960. ‘The Fifth Annual Conference of the New Zealand Archaeological Association’. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 69: 160163.
Golson, J. 1955a. ‘New Zealand Archaeological Association’. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 64: 155156-
Golson, J. 1955b. ‘New Zealand Archaeological Association’. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 64: 349352.
Golson, J. 1956. ‘New Zealand Archaeological Association. First Annual Conference. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 65: 7781.
Golson, J. 1957a. ‘New Zealand Archaeology, 1957’. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 66: 271290.
Golson, J. 1957b. ‘The Contribution of the Natural Sciences to Archaeological Research’. New Zealand Science Review, 15: 5660.
Golson, J. 1959a. ‘Culture Change in Prehistoric New Zealand’. In Anthropology in the South Seas, ed. Freeman, J. D. and Geddes, W. R., 2974. New Plynouth, Thomas Avery & Sons Ltd.
Golson, J. 1959c. ‘The Fourth Annual Conference of the New Zealand Archaeological Association’. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 68: 150152.
Golson, J. 1959d. ‘L’Archéologie du Pacifique Sud: Résultats et Perspectives’. Journal de la Société des Océanistes, 15: 554.
Golson, J. 1960. ‘Archaeology, Tradition, and Myth in New Zealand Prehistory’. Journal of the Poly nesian Society, 69: 380402.
Golson, J. 1961a. ‘A Radiocarbon Date from Mt. Wellington’. New Zealand Arch. Assoc. Newsletter, 4, No. 2: 51.
Golson, J. 1961b. ‘Notes on Artifacts from the Manukau Pa’. New Zealand Arch. Assoc. Newsletter, 4, No. 2: 6163.
Golson, J. 1961c. ‘Review Article: Polynesian Culture History’. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 70, 498508.
Golson, J. and Green, R. C. 1958. A Handbook to Field Recording in New Zealand. Auckland, New Zealand Archaeological Association, Handbook No. 1.
Golson, J. Melvin, L. W., Schofield, J. C, and Pullar, W. A. 1961. ‘Investigations at Kauri Point, Katikati, Western Bay of Plenty’. New Zealand Arch. Assoc. Newsletter, 4, No. 2: 1341.
Harris, W. F. 1958. ‘Proceedings of the New Zealand Archaeological Society: 5—Pollen Analysis and Archaeology’. New Zealand Science Review, 16: 2728.
Hunter Blair, P. 1956. An Introduction to Anglo-Saxon England. Cambridge, University Press.
Kear, D. 1957. ‘Proceedings of the New Zealand Archaeological Society: 2—Geological Techniques in Dating New Zealand’s Prehistory’. New Zealand Science Review, 15: 7679.
Mckelvey, P. J. 1958. ‘Proceedings of the New Zealand Archaeological Society: 6—Forest History and New Zealand Prehistory’. New Zealand Science Review, 16: 2832.
Mumford, W. 1959. ‘Field Recording Scheme’. New Zealand Arch. Assoc. Newsletter, 2, No. 4: 712.
Mumford, W. Daniels, J. R. S., and Smart, C. D. 1960. ‘Revision of the Site Recording Scheme’. New Zealand Arch. Assoc. Newsletter, 3, No. 4: 3335.
Phelan, E. L., Davidson, J., Smart, C. D. and Gathercole, P. 1961. ‘The Extended Annual Meeting, 1961’. New Zealand Arch. Assoc. Newsletter, 4, No. 3, 321.
Rafter, T. A. 1957. ‘Proceedings of the New Zealand Archaeological Society: 3—Radio-carbon Ageing in New Zealand’. New Zealand Science Review, 15: 9396.
Scarlett, R. J. 1957. New Zealand Arch. Assoc. Newsletter, 1, No. 2: 15.
Scarlett, R. J. 1958. ‘Talks at Whanganui Conference’. New Zealand Arch. Assoc. Newsletter, 1, No. 4: 23.
Scarlett, R. J. 1959. ‘Report on Conference’. New Zealand Arch. Assoc. Newsletter, 2, No. 3: 28.
Scarlett, R. J. 1960. ‘Conference Report 1960’. New Zealand Arch. Assoc. Newsletter, 3, No. 3: 311.
Suggs, R. C. 1960. The Island Civilisations of Polynesia. New York, The New American Library.
Suggs, R. C. 1961. ‘The Derivation of Marquesan Culture’. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 91: 110.
Taylor, N. H. 1958. ‘Proceedings of the New Zealand Archaeological Society: 7—Soil Science and New Zealand Prehistory’. New Zealand Science Review, 16: 7179.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed