Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Late colonization of East Polynesia

  • Matthew Spriggs (a1) and Atholl Anderson (a2)
Abstract

In a recent ANTIQUITY article (65: 767–95) Atholl Anderson presented a detailed analysis of radiocarbon dates to show that the settlement of New Zealand occurred later than previously thought. In this paper Anderson teams up with another proponent of ‘chronometric hygiene’, Matthew Spriggs (see ANTIQUITY 63: 587–613), to examine the dates for the colonization of the rest of East Polynesia. Once again the generally accepted dates for initial settlement are found wanting and a later chronology is suggested.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Allen-WHEELER, J. 1981. Archaeological excavations in Kawainui Marsh, Island of O’ahu. Prepared for State of Hawaii, Department of Planning and Economic Development. Honolulu (HI): B.P. Bishop Museum, Department of Anthropology.
Allen, J. 1987. Five upland ‘ili: archaeological and historical investigations in the Kane’ohe Interchange, Interstate Highway H–3, Island of O’ahu. Prepared for State of Hawaii, Department of Planning and Economic Development. Honolulu (HI): B.P. Bishop Museum, Department of Anthropology. Departmental Report Series 87–1.
Allen, M.S. & Steadman, D.W. 1990. Excavations at the Ureia site, Aitutaki, Cook Islands: preliminary results, Archaeology in Oceania 25 (1): 2437.
Anderson, A. 1991. The chronology of colonization in New Zealand, Antiquity 65: 767–95.
Anderson, A. & Mcglone, M. 1991. Living on the edge: prehistoric land and people in New Zealand, in Dodson, J.(ed.), The naive lands: prehistory and environmental change in Australia and the Southwest Pacific: 199241. Sydney: Longman Cheshire.
Athens, J.S. 1985. Prehistoric investigations at an inland site on the leeward slopes of Central Moloka’i, Prepared for Department of Hawaiian Home Lands, State of Hawaii. Honolulu (HI): J. Stephen Athens.
Athens, J.S. & Ward, J.V. 1991. Paleoenviron–mental and archaeological investigations, Kawainui Marsh Flood Control Project, O’ahu Island, Hawaii. Prepared for US Army Engineer Division. Honolulu (HI): IARI.
Ayres, W.S. 1971. Radiocarbon dates from Easter Island, Journal of the Polynesian Society 80 (4): 497504.
Barrera, W. 1990. Final report: Kalaoa, North Kona, Hawai’i Island: archaeological data recovery for Keahole Airport expansion. Prepared for Keahole Associates. Kamuela (HI): Chiniago.
Beggerly, P.E.P. 1990. Kahana Valley, Hawaii, a geomorphic artifact: a study of the inter-relationships among geomorphic structures, natural processes, and ancient Hawaiian technology, land use, and settlement patterns. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Hawaii. Ann Arbor (MI): University Microfilms.
Bellwood, P. 1978a. The Polynesians: prehistory of an island people. London: Thames & Hudson.
Bellwood, P. 1978b. Archaeological research in the Cook Islands. Honolulu (HI): B.P. Bishop Museum, Department of Anthropology. Pacific Anthropological Records 27.
Carlson, A.K. & Rosendahl, P.H. 1990. Archaeological inventory survey, Queen’s Lands at Mauna Kea, Land of Kawaihae 2nd, South Kohala District, Island of Hawai’i (TMK: 3–6–2–02: 6). Prepared for Mauna Kea Properties, Inc. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Charvet-POND, A. & Rosendahl, P.H. 1990. Archaeological monitoring, southwest periphery of Nu’upia Pond and Lawrence Road, Third Street, and Seiden St, Marine Corps Air Station, Kane’ohe Bay, Land of Kane’ohe, Ko’olaupoko, Island of O’ahu (TMK 4: 4: 08). Prepared for Pacific Division, Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Pearl Harbor. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Chikamori, M. & Yoshida, S. 1988. An archaeological survey of Pukapuka Atoll, 1985 (preliminary report). Tokyo: Keio University, Department of Archaeology and Ethnology.
Cleghorn, P.L. & Davis, B.D.(ed.). 1990. Archaeological palaeontological investigations at the Barbers Point Deep Draft Harbor, ‘Ewa, O’ahu. Prepared for Department of the Army, Pacific Ocean Division, Corps of Engineers, Fort Shafter and Trustees of the James Campbell Estate. Honolulu (HI): B.P. Bishop Museum, Applied Research Group.
Davis, B.D. 1988. Final report, archaeological subsurface survey of the proposed Ewa Gentry Project Area, Honouliuli, ‘Ewa, O’ahu. Prepared for Gentry, Inc. Honolulu (HI): B.P. Bishop Museum, Applied Research Group.
Davis, B.D. 1990. Human settlement in pristine insular environments: a Hawaiian case study from Barbers Point, Southwestern O’ahu. Ph.D Dissertation, University of Hawaii. Ann Arbor (MI): University Microfilms.
Davis, B.D. & Haun, A. 1987. Phase two, intensive survey and test excavations, West Beach Recovery Program. Prepared for West Beach Estates. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Dicks, A.M. Haun, A. & Rosendahl, P. 1987. Archaeological reconnaissance survey for environmental impact statement. West Loch Estates – golf course and parks, Land of Honouliuli, ‘Ewa District, Island of O’ahu. Prepared for City and County of Honolulu. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Donham, T.K. 1990. Archaeological inventory survey, Palauea Development Parcel, Land of Palauea, Makawao District, Island of Maui (TMK: 2–1–11: 3). Prepared for Kihara Development (Hawaii), Inc. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Dunn, A.F. & Rosendahl, P.H. 1989. Archaeological inventory survey, Kapa’anui Agricultural Subdivision, Lands of Kapa’anui and Kou, North Kohala District, Island of Hawai’i. Prepared for Ahualoa Development, Inc. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Dunn, A.F. & Rosendahl, P.H. 1992. Archaeological inventory survey, La’ie Master Plan Project, Lands of Malaekahana and La’ie, Ko’olauloa District, Island of O’ahu. Prepared for Group 70 International, Inc. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Emory, K.P. & Sinoto, Y.H. 1964. Eastern Polynesian burials at Maupiti, Journal of the Polynesian Society 73 (2): 143–60.
Emory, K.P. & Sinoto, Y.H. 1969. Age of the sites in the South Point Area, Ka’u, Island of Hawai’i. Honolulu (HI): B.P. Bishop Museum, Department of Anthropology. Pacific Anthropological Records 8.
Flenley, J.R. & King, S.M. 1984. Late Quaternary pollen records from Easter Island, Nature 307: 4750.
Flenley, J.R. King, A.S.M. Jackson, J. Chew, C. Teler, J.T. & Prentice, M.E. 1991. The late Quaternary vegetational and climatic history of Easter Island, Journal of Quaternary Science 6 (2): 85115.
Graves, D.K. 1992. Interim report: archaeological mitigation program, Phase II – archaeological data recovery, the Bluffs at Mauna Kea, Land of ‘Ouli, South Kohala District, Island of Hawai’i. Prepared for Mauna Kea Properties, Inc. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Hammatt, H.H. & Shideler, D.W. 1989. Archaeological survey and testing at Bellows Air Force Station for new antennas and trench lines, Waimanalo, Ko’olaupoko, O’ahu. Prepared for US Army Corps of Engineers. Honolulu (HI): Cultural Surveys Hawaii.
Hammatt, H.H. Borth WICK, D. & Shideler, D. 1985. Archaeological coring and testing at Nu’upia Ponds: Kane’ohe Marine Corps Air Station, Mokapu, O’ahu. Prepared for US Army Corps of Engineers, Pacific Ocean Division. Honolulu (HI): Cultural Surveys Hawaii.
Hammatt, H.H. Borth WICK, D. & Shideler, D. 1987. Archaeological monitoring and sampling for a watermain installation, ‘Ohikilolo Valley, Wai’anae, O’ahu. Prepared for US Army Engineer District. Honolulu (HI): Cultural Surveys Hawaii.
Head, J.A. Goodfellow, S.T. & Rosendahl, P.H. 1992. Archaeological inventory survey, Ali’i Drive Family Housing Project, Land of Puapua’a 2nd, North Kona District, Island of Hawai’i (TMK: 3–7–5–20: 71, 72). Prepared for CRL Development, Inc. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Heyerdahl, T. 1989. Easter Island: the mystery solved. London: Souvenir Press.
Hommon, R.J. & Bevacqua, R.F. 1973. Excavations in Kahana Valley, O’ahu, 1972. Honolulu (HI): B.P. Bishop Museum, Department of Anthropology. Departmental Report Series 732.
Hunt, T.L. & Holsen, R.M. 1991. An early radiocarbon chronology for the Hawaiian Islands: a preliminary analysis, Asian Perspectives 30 (1): 147–61.
Jennings, J.D.(ed.) 1979. The prehistory of Polynesia. Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Jensen, P.M. 1989. Archaeological data recovery and site perimeter flagging at the Mauna Lani Resort new golf course, Land of Waikoloa, North Kohala District, Island of Hawai’i. Prepared for Mauna Lani Resort, Inc. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Jensen, P.M. 1990. Archaeological data collection and site preservation program, undeveloped portions of Lots 1–7 and the strip between Lots 1–3 and Kiholo–Puako Trail, Waikoloa Beach Resort, Land of ‘Anaeho‘omalu, South Kohala District, Island of Hawai’i. Prepared for Waikoloa Development Company. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Jensen, P.M. 1991. Archaeological data recovery plan, Pualani Development Company Wastewater Treatment Facility, Lands of Puapua’a 1st and 2nd, North Kona District, Island of Hawai’i. Prepared for Pualani Development Company. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Kikuchi, W.K. 1988. Archaeological survey and subsurface testing of proposed Hyatt Regency Resort, TMK 2–9–01: 2, Keoneloa Bay, Ahupua’a of Pa’a, District of Koloa, Kaua’i. Prepared for Belt Collins and Associates. ‘Oma’o (HI): Archaios.
Kirch, P.V. 1974. The chronology of early Hawaiian settlement, Archaeology and Physical Anthropology in Oceania 9: 110–19.
Kirch, P.V. 1975. Excavations at sites Al–3 and Al–4: early settlement and ecology in Halawa Valley, in Kirch, P.V. & Kelly, M. (ed.), Prehistory and ecology in a windward Hawaiian Valley: Halawa Valley, Moloka’i: 1770. Honolulu (HI): B.P. Bishop Museum, Department of Anthropology. Pacific Anthropological Records 24.
Kirch, P.V. 1984. The evolution of the Polynesian chiefdoms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kirch, P.V. 1986. Rethinking East Polynesian prehistory, Journal of the Polynesian Society 95 (1): 940.
Kirch, P.V. Flenley, J.R. & Steadman, D.W. 1991. A radiocarbon chronology for human–induced environmental change on Mangaia, southern Cook Islands, Polynesia, Radiocarbon 33 (3): 317–28.
Leach, B.F. Horwood, M. Mcgovern-wilson, R. Smith, I.W.G. Ottino, P. & Ottino, M.N. 1990. Analysis of faunal material from Te Ana Pua, Ua Pou, Marquesas Islands. Unpublished report, National Museum of New Zealand, Wellington.
Lepofsky, D. Harries, H.C. & Kellum, M. 1992. Early coconuts on Mo’orea Island, French Polynesia, Journal of the Polynesian Society 101 (3): 299308.
Mccoy, P.C. 1973. Excavation of a rectangular house on the east rim of Rano Kau volcano, Easter Island, Archaeology and Physical Anthropology in Oceania 8: 5167.
Macdonald, G.M. Beurens, R.P. & Kleser, W.E. 1991. Radiocarbon dating of limnic sediments: a comparative analysis and discussion, Ecology 72 (3): 1150–55.
MarĎenko, E. SrdoĎ, D. Golubic, S. PezdiĎ, J. & Head, J. 1989. Carbon uptake in aquatic plants deduced from their natural 13C 14C content, Radiocarbon 31 (3): 785–94.
Mulloy, W. & Figueroa, G. 1978. The A Kivi–Vai Teka complex and its relationship to Easter Island architectural prehistory. Honolulu (HI): SSRI. Asian & Pacific Archaeology Series 8.
Ottino, P. 1985. Un site ancien aux îles Marquises: l’abri sous–roche d’Anapua, à Ua Pou, Journal de la Société des Océanistes 41: 33–7.
Ottino, P. 1991. Anapua, a prehistoric fishermen's site in Ua Pou, Marquesas Islands. Paper given at the XVIIth Pacific Science Congress, Honolulu, Hawaii (Abstract).
Parkes, A. & Flenley, J.R.(ed.). 1990. The Hull University Mo’orea Expedition: final report. Hull: University of Hull, School of Geography and Earth Resources. Miscellaneous Series 37.
Pearson, R.J. Kirch, P.V. & Pietrusewsky, M. 1971. An early prehistoric site at Bellows Beach, Waimanalo, O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands, Archaeology and Physical Anthropology in Oceania 6: 204–34.
PHRI, INC. 1991. Archaeological inventory survey, potential sites for North Hawaii Community Hospital, Lands of Waikoloa, Pu’ukapu and Lalamilo, South Kohala District, Island of Hawai’i. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Pirazzoli, P.A. 1985. Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti 1985, French Polynesian coral reefs, reef knowledge and field guides, Leeward Islands, Maupiti, Tupai, Bora Bora, Huahine, Society Archipelago. Tahiti: EPHE & CNRS.
Rolett, B.V. 1989. Hanamiai: changing subsistence and ecology in the prehistory of Tahuata (Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia). Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University. Ann Arbor (MI): University Microfilms.
Shun, K. & Schilz, A. 1991. Archaeological investigations in Waimanu Valley, Hamakua District, Hawai'i Island. Prepared for DLNR, Division of Forestry and Wildlife. Honolulu (HI): ERC Environmental & Energy Services Co.
Sinoto, A. 1973. Fanning Island: preliminary archaeological investigations of sites near the Cable Station, in Chave, K. & Kay, E. (ed.), Fanning Island Expedition, 1972: 283–99. Honolulu (HI): Hawaii Institute of Geophysics. Hawaii Institute of Geophysics Report 73-13.
Sinoto, Y.H. 1970. An archaeologically based assessment of the Marquesas Islands as a dis-persal center in East Polynesia, in Green, R.C. & Kelly, M. (ed.), Studies in Oceanic culture history 1: 105–32. Honolulu (HI): B.P. Bishop Museum, Department of Anthropology. Pacific Anthropological Records 11.
Sinoto, Y.H. 1979. Excavations on Huahine, French Polynesia, Pacific Studies 3 (1): 140.
Sinoto, Y.H. 1983a. An analysis of Polynesian migrations based on the archaeological assessments, Journal de la Société des Océanistes 39 5767.
Sinoto, Y.H. 1983b. Archaeological excavations of the Vaito’otia and Fa’ahia sites on Huahine Island, French Polynesia, National Geographic Society Research Reports 15 583–99.
Sinoto, Y.H. & Mccoy, P.C. 1974. Archaeology of Teti’aroa Atoll, Society Islands: interim report no. 1. Honolulu (HI): B.P. Bishop Museum, Department of Anthropology. Departmental Report Series 74–2.
Sinoto, Y.H. & Mccoy, P.C. 1975. Excavations of an archaic habitation site on Huahine, Society Islands: preliminary report. Unpublished ms. Honolulu (HI): B.P. Bishop Museum, Department of Anthropology.
Skjèlsvold, A. & Flgueroa, G. 1989. An attempt to date a unique, kneeling statue in Rano Raraku, Easter Island, Kon Tiki Museum Occasional Papers 1: 735.
Smith, C.S. 1961. Radio carbon dates from Easter island, in Heyerdahl, T. & Ferdon, E.N. Jr(ed.), Reports of the Norwegian archaeological expedition to Easter Island and the East Pacific 1: 393–6. Santa Fe (NM): School of American Research Museum.
Spear, R.L. 1987. Archaeological data recovery, Pu’ueo Agricultural Lots, Land of Pu’ueo, Ka’u, Island of Hawai'’i (TMK: 3–9–3–01: Por.2). Prepared for R.M. Towill Corporation. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Spriggs, M. 1989. The dating of the Island Southeast Asian Neolithic: an attempt at Chronometrie hygiene and linguistic correlation, Antiquity 63: 587613.
Spriggs, M. 1990. Dating Lapita: another view, in Spriggs, M.(ed.), Lapita design, form and composition: proceedings of the Lapita Design Workshop, Canberra, 1988: 627. Canberra: Department of Prehistory, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University. Occasional Papers in Prehistory 19.
Spriggs, M. 1991. ‘Preceded by forest: changing interpretations of landscape change on Kaho’olawe,’ Asian Perspectives 30 (1): 71116.
Steadman, D.W. 1989. Extinction of birds in Eastern Polynesia: a review of the record, and comparisons with other Pacific Island groups, Journal of Archaeological Science 16: 177205.
Steadman, D.W. & Kirch, P.V. 1990. Prehistoric extinction of birds on Mangaia, Cook Islands, Polynesia, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 87: 9605–9.
Stuiver, M. & Pearson, G.W. 1986. High-precision calibration of the radiocarbon time scale, AD 1950–500 B.C, Radiocarbon 28: 805–38.
Stuiver, M. Pearson, G.W. & Braziunas, T.F. 1986. Radiocarbon age calibration of marine samples back to 9000 Cal Yr BP, Radiocarbon 28: 9801021.
Stuiver, M. & Polach, H.A. 1977. Discussion: reporting of 14C data, Radiocarbon 19: 355–63.
Stuiver, M. & Reimer, P.J. 1986. A computer program for radiocarbon age calibration, Radiocarbon 28: 1022–30.
Suggs, R.C. 1961. Archaeology of Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia, New York (NY): American Museum of Natural History. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History 49(1).
Sullivan, R.B. 1990. Phase III – archaeological monitoring and testing, archaeological mitigation program, Kawela Bay Mitigation Project, Lands of ‘Opana, Honakaoe, ‘O’io, Ulupehupehu, Punalau and Kahuku, Ko’olauloa District, Island of O’ahu. Prepared for Kuilima Development Company. Hilo(HI): PHRI.
Sutton, D.G. 1987. A paradigmatic shift in Polynesian prehistory: implications for New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Archaeology 9: 135–55.
Vogel, J.C. & Waterbolk, H.T. 1964. Groningen Radiocarbon dates V, Radiocarbon 6: 349–69.
Walker, A.T. Haun, A.E. & Rosendahl, P.H. 1988. Intensive survey and test excavations, Site 50-0A-2911, Kahuku Point Archaeological Area, Kuilima Resort Expansion Project, Land of Kahuku, Ko’olauloa, Island of O’ahu (TMK: 1-5-7-01: 25, Por.33; 1-5-6-03: Por.41). Prepared for Kuilima Development Company. Hilo (HI): PHRI.
Walton, A. Trautman, M.A. & Friend, J.P. 1961. Isotopes Inc. radiocarbon measurements I, Radiocarbon 3: 4757.
Weisler, M. 1989. Chronometrie dating and Late Holocene prehistory in the Hawaiian Islands: a critical review of radiocarbon dates from Moloka’i Island, Radiocarbon 31 (2): 121–45.
Weisler, M. Benton, T.G. De, M. Brooke, L. Jones, P.J. Spencer, T. & Wragg, G. 1991. The Pitcairn Islands Scientific Expedition (1991–1992): first results, future goals, Pacific Science Association Information Bulletin 43 (3–4): 48.
Welch, D.J. 1989. Archaeological investigations at Pauoa Bay (Ritz–Carlton Mauna Lani Resort), South Kohala, Hawai’i. Prepared for Belt Collins & Associates. Honolulu (HI): IARI.
Welch, D.J. 1991. Archaeological subsurface testing for Kanaha Beach Park Addition and Kanaha Airport Transient Apron, Kahului Airport, Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii. Prepared for R.T. Tanaka Engineers, Inc. Honolulu (HI): IARI.
Wickler, S. Athens, J.S. & Ward, J.V. 1991. Vegetation and landscape change in a leeward coastal environment: paleoenvironmental and archaeological investigations, Fort Shafter Flats Sewerline Project, Honolulu, Hawaii. Prepared for US Army Engineer Division, Pacific Ocean, Corps of Engineers. Honolulu (HI): IARI.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed