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Make a desert and call it peace: massacre at the Iberian Iron Age village of La Hoya

  • Teresa Fernández-Crespo (a1) (a2), Javier Ordoño (a3), Armando Llanos (a4) and Rick J. Schulting (a1)

Abstract

Once considered rare, archaeological examples of violence in prehistoric Europe have accumulated over recent decades, with new discoveries providing evidence of large-scale, organised warfare among pre- and protohistoric populations. One example is La Hoya in north-central Iberia. Between the mid fourth and late third centuries BC, the site was subjected to a violent attack, its inhabitants killed and the settlement burned. Here the authors present osteological analyses for a massacre: decapitations, amputations and other sharp-force injuries affecting a wide cross section of the community. They interpret the massacre as an instance of conflict between rival local communities, contributing to a growing picture of the scale and nature of violence in Iron Age Europe.

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Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence: ✉ teresa.fernandez-crespo@arch.ox.ac.uk

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Make a desert and call it peace: massacre at the Iberian Iron Age village of La Hoya

  • Teresa Fernández-Crespo (a1) (a2), Javier Ordoño (a3), Armando Llanos (a4) and Rick J. Schulting (a1)

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