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Neolithic Camps

  • E. Cecil Curwen
Extract

It is extremely difficult to eradicate erroneous popular beliefs. Among such should be numbered the tendency hastily to attribute prehistoric hill-forts either to the Stone Age or to the Romans, most of such forts having in all probability been reared by the people of the Early Iron Age. The rapid progress of British prehistoric archaeology during the last two decades has shown this clearly, but it has also shown that the popular belief in the existence of neolithic camps is justified, though not in the specific instances that were expected.

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1 6 inch os. (Wilts), 35 sw. See Wilts Arch. Mag. 37, 42.

2 Wilts Arch. Mag. 37, 57.

3 6 inch o.s. (Wilts), 28 NW.

4 ANTIQUITY, 1929, 3, 283–91.

5 Powell, J.W. in the Ninth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology (Washington, U.S.A., 1887–8), 300–1. Reference kindly supplied by Mr Keiller.

6 Horse was found at Peterborough with pottery of Mortlake type and beakers. Archaeologia, 62, 335.

7 6 inch o.s. (Berks), 10 NE. Described in Antiq. Journ. 7, 438–64; 8, 461–77.

8 6 inch o.s. (Sussex), 66 sw. Report to appear in Suss. Arch. Coll. 71 (August 1930).

9 See ANTIQUITY (1928) 2, 258; (1929) 5, 231. The term is derived from a northern Irish provincialism, ‘bose’ (? spelling), an adjective meaning ‘hollow–sounding’.

10 Graham Callander, J.Scottish Neolithic Pottery’, Proc. Soc. Antiq. Scotland, 63, fig. 37 (p. 56).

11 6 inch o.s. (Sussex), 48 NW.See Suss. Arch. Coll. 70, 3282.

12 6 inch o.s. 79 NE. See Suss. Arch. Coll. 70, 209–11

13 6 inch o.s. (Wilts), 54 NW.

14 6 inch o.s. (Wilts), 59 NE. Described by Crawford, and Keiller, Wessexfrom the Air, 6871

15 6 inch o.s. (Wilts), 52 NW and sw. Described by Crawford, Air Survey and Archaeology (2nd edn.), 36.

16 6 inch o.s. (Wilts), 35 NW.

17 6 inch o.s. (Sussex), 52 NE. The report will possibly appear in Suss. Arch. 71 (August 1930).

18 6 inch o.S. (Forfar), 19 SE. Described by DrChristison, D. in Early Fortifications in Scotland, 256263, with plan.

19 6 inch o.s. (Montgomery), 41 NW.

20 6 inch o.s. (Beds.), 32 NW.Described in Vict. Co. Hist. Beds., 1, 160, 269.

21 Ibid. 169, fig. 60.

22 6 inch o.s. (Dorset), 24 NE and SE. Described by Heywood, Sumner Earthworks of Cranborne Chase, 25 with plan; and by Crawford, and Keiller, Wessex from the Air, 64–5 with air-photo.

23 Loc. cit. 64.

24 6 inch o.s. (Sussex), 49 NE.

25 6 inch o.s. (Wilts), 28 sw.

26 Déchelette, Man. d’Arch. 1, 368–71, 352–3. Camp de Chassey (Saône–et–Loire and Côte d’Or), Peu–Richard (Charente Inf.), Campigny (Seine Inf.), Catenoy (Oise), Camp–Barbet (Oise), and Mont Vaudois (Haute Saône). In the last–named neolithic burials were found in the rampart (p. 369).

27 V’Anthropologie (1903), 14, 450–2. Grandchamps (Cernans), Cornaboeuf (Cluny), Saint-André, Mont-de-Mesnay, Fort Belin, Château de Poupet, Roche d’Or (Besançon).

28 Matériaux pour l’Histoire de l’Homme, 1882, p. 505. For full bibliography see Déchelette, op. cit. 653.

29 Chauvet, Bull. Soc. Arch. Charente, 1884, p. 26. Some of them, including the sherds described and that from Availles, are exhibited in the St. Germain Museum.

30 Hans, LehnerDer Festungsbau der jüngeren Steinzeit’, Prähistorische Zeitschrift, bd. II, heft I, 123.

31 Bonner Jahrbuch, 119, 206.

32 Ibid. 105, 164–72; CX, 122ff.

33 Lehner, Präh. Zeitschrift, loc. cit.

34 Crawford, and Keiller, Wessex from the Air, 12. cf. ANTIQUITY, 1927, I, plate opp. p. 426.

35 Präh. Zeitschrift, loc. cit.

36 Ch. Tsountas, Aἲ προÏστορικì ˒ Aκροπὸλες Διμηνίον καì Σέσκλου(Athens Arch. Soc, 1908).

37 Iliad, IX, 381–4.

38 Antíq. Journ. 7, 456–62.

39 Graham Callander, J.Scottish Neolithic Pottery’, Proc. Soc. Antiq. Scotland, 63, 2998.

40 Ibid. fig. 37 (p. 56).

40 See Ebert’s, Reallexikon der Vorgeschichte, 9, plates 18–22, 27, 28, 40–1, 52.

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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
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