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Neolithic developments in the Gorgan Plain, south-east of the Caspian Sea

  • Kourosh Roustaei (a1) and Jebrael Nokandeh (a2)
Abstract

Until about two decades ago, the Neolithic of north-east Iran was known only from a few brief excavation reports: the sites of Yarim Tappeh (Stronach 1972) and Turang Tappeh (Deshayes 1967) on the Gorgan Plain, and preliminary reports of large-scale excavations at the twin mound of Sang-e Chakhmaq in the southern foothills of the eastern Alborz Mountains (e.g. Masuda 1984). In the absence of absolute chronologies, these sites were dated by ceramic assemblages to the sixth millennium BC, and were considered to relate to the so-called ‘Jeitun Culture’ of southern Turkmenistan (Figure 1; Roustaei 2016a).

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Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence (Email: k.roustaei@richt.ir)
References
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AbbasiG.A. 2011. The final report of excavations at Narges Tappeh, Gorgan Plain. Tehran: Ganjineh Naghsh-e Jahan (in Persian).
DeshayesJ. 1967. Céramiques peintes de Tureng Tépé. Iran 5: 123–31.
Malek ShahmirzadiS. & Nokandeh J.. 2000. Aq Tappeh. Tehran: Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization (in Persian).
MasudaS. 1984. Excavation at Tappeh Sang-e Chaxmaq. Archive für Orientfurschung 31: 209–12.
NokandehJ. & Omrani Rekavandi H.. 1998. Archaeological survey of Jangal-e Golestan. Report prepared for the Iranian Center for Archaeological Research, Tehran (in Persian).
RezvaniH. & Roustaei K.. 2016. Preliminary report on two seasons of excavations at Tappeh Deh Kheir, Bastam Plain, north-east Iran, in Roustaei K. & Mashkour M. (ed.) The Neolithic of the Iranian Plateau: recent research: 1552. Berlin: ex oriente.
RoustaeiK. 2014. The neolithisation of the northeastern Iranian Plateau. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Tarbiat Modares University (in Persian).
RoustaeiK. 2016a. An emerging picture of the Neolithic of northeast Iran. Iranica Antiqua 51: 2155.
RoustaeiK. 2016b. Kalāteh Khān: a sixth-millennium BC site in the Shāhroud Plain, north-east Iran, in Roustaei K. & Mashkour M. (ed.) The Neolithic of the Iranian Plateau: recent research: 5384. Berlin: ex oriente.
RoustaeiK., Mashkour M. & Tengberg M.. 2015. Tappeh Sang-e Chakhmaq and the beginning of the Neolithic in north-east Iran. Antiquity 89: 573–95. https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2015.26
StronachD. 1972. Yarim Tappeh, in Moorey P.R.S. (ed.) Excavations in Iran: the British contributions: 2123. Oxford: Organizing Committee of the Sixth International Congress of Iranian Art and Archaeology.
SumnerW.M. 1990. Full-coverage regional archaeological survey in the Near East: an example from Iran, in Fish S.K. & Kowalewski S.A. (ed.) The archaeology of regions: a case for full-coverage survey: 87115. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.
ZederM.A. 2011. The origins of agriculture in the Near East. Current Anthropology 52 (S4): S221–35. https://doi.org/10.1086/659307
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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