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The Neolithic in Anatolia and the Balkans

  • M. V. Garašanin
Abstract

Since 1907 when Professor M. M. Vasić first posed the question of the south-eastem connexions of the Neolithic culture of Serbia, the investigation of this problem over a wider field and on a broader chronological footing has made material advances in the whole area from the Near East to the Lower Danube. It even proved possible to provide this problem with a more or less exact historical outline. These results have been produced by exceptionally fruitful but unco-ordinated, local research: uncertainties and apparent contradictions have still to be resolved.

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1 Vasić, M. M., Annual of the British School at Athens, 14, 1907, 318 ff.

2 So for example Schachermeyr, F., Die ältesten Kulturen Griechenlands, 1955.

3 Mellaart, J., ANTIQUITY, 1960, 270 ff.

4 Ibid., 272, and chronological table, p. 277.

5 Ibid., 270 ff.

6 Ibid.

7 Garašanin, M., Hronologija vinfanske grupe, 1951, 146 , 190. The same, Archaeologia lugoslavica, I, 1954, I ff.

8 Mellaart, , op. cit., 270 .

9 Thus I saw in the Archaeological Museum at Athens stone idols from Naxos and Amorgos, with stumpy arms and a conical cap, which should be equated with types from Vinča; cf. Vasič, M. M., Prestoriska Vinča, III, 1936, fig. 562.

10 For the Hamangia idols see most recently, Berciu, D., ANTIQUITY, 1960, 283 f., pl. XXXVIII. For Karanovo IB see, Georgijev, G., Światowit, XXIII, 1960, 309, fig. 7.

11 Most recently Garašanin, M., 39 B.R.G.K., 1958, 18, pl. 3, 67.

12 Summarized ibid., 23 f., and amplified in M. Garašanin, Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja, IX, 1954, 5 ff., especially 25 f. Moreover this fact corresponds with the most recent views of Milojčić, V., Germania, 37, 1959. 70.

13 ANTIQUITY, 1960, 272 f. and chronological table p. 277.

14 Garašanin, M., Germania, 39, 12, 1961 , forthcoming. For the Balkan-Anatolian complex, cf. 39 B.R.G.K., 12 ff., and in greater detail, Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja, IX, 5 ff.

15 Garašanin, M., Germania, 39, 12.

16 So in part with the sack of the Late Bronze Age settlements of Macedonia during the Aegean migration.

17 Dealt with at length in Germania, 39—in the press.

18 Cf. for this Passek, T., Sovjetskaya archeologija, 1958, 28 ff., especially 39 ff., figs. 5-6. These questions were discussed by T. Passek at the Neolithic Symposium in Prague in 1959.

19 Summarized in Garasanin, M., 39 B.R.G.K., 24 , fig. 5, 4, note 122.

20 Cf. ibid., 53 ff., pl. 6, 2-3.

21 ANTIQUITY, 1960, 273 ff. and chronological table.

22 Garašanin, M., op. cit., 60 . Garašanin, D., Archaeologia Iugoslavica, 1, 19 ff.

23 Mylonas, G., Hagios Kosmas, 1959, type C13 (cf. catalogue, p. 189 ), fig. 141, no. 176; 142, no. 170, 171, 178; 143, no. 180; 147, no. 203; 149, no. 213; 151, no. 220-224; 152-153; 154, no. 245-246; 155, no. 251-255 ; table of types, fig. 57. Cf. also Garašanin, M., 39 B.R.G.K., 44 , note 240.

24 Mylonas, op. cit., 159 ff.

25 M. Garašanin, op. cit., 63, pl. 11, 4; 12, 1.

26 Ibid., 64 ff., pl. 13, 2-4; cf. also Garašanin, M., Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja, XV-XVI, 1961, 19 f. In view of this the relationship of the two-handled vessels with Armenochori need not be disturbed, since, as is well known, this Macedonian group exhibits a retarded version of the Early Bronze Age. Heurtley, W. W. A., Prehistoric Macedonia, 1939, 85.

27 Garašanin, M., op. cit., 66 f.

28 Ibid., 75 ff. For the decorative discs see most recently, Tihelka, K., Kommission für Aneolithikum und die ültere Bronzezeit, Nitra, 1958, 77 ff., pl. viii, 2.

29 Attention was also called to this by Piggott, S., ANTIQUITY, 1960, 293, note 43.

30 Cf. Garašanin, M. , op. cit., 105 f.; Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja, XV-XVI, 5 ff.

31 Cf. most recently, Waterbolk, H. T., ANTIQUITY, 1960, 14 ff., especially 16 ff., and the examination by Neustupny, J., Pravek Československa, 1960, 26 ff.

32 Mellaart, , op. cit., chronological table, p. 277.

Professor Milutin Garašanin of the Archaeological Institute at Belgrade, stimulated by Dr Mellaart's views on the early chronology of Anatolia and the Balkans published in 1960 (ANTIQUITY, 1960, 270) has written us this article believing that some of Mellaart's views, while generally to be warmly welcomed, are unjustified from the stand-point of method and chronology.

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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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