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New information on Melides stable isotopes

  • Mary Jackes (a1) and David Lubell (a1)
Extract

In 1994 we published the unexpected result of an extreme Mesolithic stable isotope signal from a Neolithic context (Lubell et al. 1994; Table 1). The sample, identified as Gruta de Lagar I, was from one of two caves at the site of Melides, near the Atlantic coast of Portugal between Sines and Setúbal. A sample from the second cave at Melides, Cerca do Zambujal, gave results consonant with our Neolithic samples from north of the Tagus River. Lagar I, on the other hand, had stable isotope values similar to Cabeço da Arruda N, a Late Mesolithic individual from the Muge Valley to the north-east of Melides.

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Hillier, M.L., Boaventura, R., Jackes, M.K. & Richards, M.. 2008a. Stable isotope analysis and the investigation of marine resource exploitation and social complexity in Neolithic Portugal. Paper presented at the Canadian Association for Physical Anthropology 36th annual meeting, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, 5–8 November 2008.
Hillier, M.L., Jackes, M.K., Umbelino, C. & Richards, M.. 2008b. Stable isotope analysis of Mesolithic and Neolithic subsistence strategies in southern Portugal. Paper presented at the Third International Symposium on Biomolecular Archaeology, University of York, 14–16 September 2008.
Jackes, M.K. & Lubell, D.. 1999a. Human skeletal biology and the Mesolithic–Neolithic transition in Portugal, in Thévenin, A. (ed.) Europe des derniers chasseurs Épipaléolithique et Mésolithique: actes du 5e colloque international UISPP, commission XII, Grenoble, 18–23 septembre 1995: 5964. Paris: Éditions du CTHS.
Jackes, M.K. & Lubell, D.. 1999b. Human biological variability in the Portuguese Mesolithic. Arqueologia (Porto) 24: 2542.
Jackes, M.K., Lubell, D. & Meiklejohn, C.. 1997. Healthy but mortal: human biology and the first farmers of Western Europe. Antiquity 71: 639–58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003598X00085379
Jackes, M.K., Sherburne, R., Lubell, D., Barker, C. & Wayman, M.. 2001. Destruction of microstructure in archaeological bone: a case study from Portugal. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 11: 415–32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oa.583
Lubell, D., Jackes, M.K., Schwarcz, H., Knyf, M. & Meiklejohn, C.. 1994. The Mesolithic–Neolithic transition in Portugal: isotopic and dental evidence of diet. Journal of Archaeological Science 21: 201–16.
Lubell, D., Jackes, M.K., Sheppard, P. & Rowley-Conwy, P.. 2007. The Mesolithic–Neolithic in the Alentejo: archaeological investigations, 1984–1986, in Bicho, N. (ed.) From the Mediterranean basin to the Portuguese Atlantic shore: papers in honor of Anthony Marks. Actas do IV Congresso de Arqueologia Peninsular: 209–29. Faro: Centro do Estudos de Patrimonio, Departamento de Historia, Arqueologia et Patrimonio, Universidade do Algarve.
Themido, A.A. 1927. Sôbre alguns caracteres sexuais dos húmeros portugueses. Revista da Universidade de Coimbra 10: 104–73.
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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