Skip to main content Accessibility help

On the importance of spatio-temporal differences in the intensity of Palaeolithic and Mesolithic settlement in Central Europe

  • Slavomil Vencl (a1)


The well-known fact that the sources of evidence concerning the pre-Neolithic period are seriously incomplete has not yet been analysed sufficiently, being concealed by the intensive interaction of very complex and variable factors. It is obvious, though, that even an imperfect attempt to quantify this problem could contribute to an explanation of the causes for the striking differences between the volume of archaeological source material from adjacent territories, or show the limits of attempts at a historical interpretation of the interrelationships between pre-Neolithic cultures. Unlike the post-Mesolithic period, the sources of the pre-Neolithic foraging societies suffer from reduced field visibility:

1 first of all, they are not usually indicated by colour contrasts in the feature fillings;

2 as a rule, they are reduced only to residues made of the most resistant materials;

3 because of the mobility of small hunter-gatherer groups, only limited accumulations of finds occur in temporary camps, both in extent and in volume, easily escaping attention;

4 Palaeolithic finds lie deeper under the present-day surface and are discovered less frequently than the remains of later periods;

5 the Palaeolithic record was, over tens of thousands of years – this partly under the extreme Pleistocene conditions – subjected to destruction more frequently than the post-Palaeolithic romains;

6 the intensity of the sedimentary and denu-datory processes differs regionally, and in other ways.

Hide All
Albrecht, G. 1979. Magdaiénien-lnventare vom Petersfeis. Tübingen: Verlag Archaeologica Venatoria.
Allsworth-Jones, P. 1986. The Szeietian and the transition /rom Middie to Upper Paiaeoiithic in Centra] Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bagniewski, Z. 1979. Spotecznosci mysiiwsko-rybackie wrokresie od IX do III tysigclecia p.n.e. na terenie Polski potudniowo-zachodniej. Wroclaw: Prace Wrocfawskiego Towarzystwa Naukowego A 201.
Bagniewski, Z. 1987. Mezolityczne spofecznosci mysliwsko-rybackie poludniowej czqsci Pojezierza Kas-zubskiego. Wroclaw: Wydawnictwa Uniwer-sytetu Wrocfawskiego. Studia Archeologiczne 17.
Bárta, J. 1980. Paleolit a mezolit, Slovenskd archeologia 28: 119–36.
Bárta, J. & Banesz, L.. 1971. Výskum starsej a strednej doby kamennej na Slovensku, Slovenskd archeologia 19: 291317.
Chmielewski, W., Schild, R. & WięCKOWSKA, H.. 1975. Paleolit i mezoJit. Prahistoria Ziem PoJskich I. Wroclaw: Ossolineum-PAN.
Feustel, R. 1974. Die Kniegrotte. Weimar: Herrmann Bòhlaus Nachfolger.
Feustel, R. 1989. Der Homo sapiens und das Jungpalaolithikum, in Herrmann, (ed.): 41–7.
Fridrich, I. 1973. Počatky mladopaleolitického osídlení Čech, Archeoiogické rozhJedy 25: 392442.
Fridrich, I. 1982. Stfedopaleolitické osídJení Cech. Prague: Institute of Archaeology.
Geupel, V. 1985. Spätpaläoiithikum und Mesolithikum im Süden der DDR. Katalog Teil 1. Berlin: VEB Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften.
Geupel, V. 1989. Spätpaläoiithikum und Mesolithikum im Süden der DDR. Katalog Teil 2. Berlin: VEB Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften.
Gramsch, B. 1989. Archaologische Kulturen desm Mesolithikums, in Herrmann, (ed.): 5564.
Hahn, J. 1977. Aurignacien, das altere Jungpaläolithikum in Mittei- und Osteuropa. Cologne: Böhlau Verlag.
Hanitzsch, H. 1972. Groitzsch bei EiJenburg. Berlin: VEB Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften.
Herrmann, J. (ed.) 1989. Archdologie in der DDR 1. Leipzig: Urania Verlag.
Kind, C.-J. 1985. Die VerteiJung von Steinartefakten in Grabungsflachen. Tubingen: Verlag Archaeo logica Venatoria.
Klíma, B. 1963. Doíní Véstonice. Prague: Nakladatelství CSAV.
Klíma, B. 1976. Die paldolithische Station Pavlov II. Prague: Academia.
Kozlowski, J.K. & Koztowski, S.K.. 1975. Pradzieje Europy od XL do IV tysigcJecia p.n.e. Warszawa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe.
Kozlowski, J.K. 1977. Epoka kamienia na ziemiach poJskich. Warszawa: Pañstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe.
Kozlowski, S.K. 1972. Pradzieje ziem poJskich od IX do V tysiqclecia p.n.e. Warszawa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe.
Kozlowski, S.K. 1989. Mesolithic in Poland. A new approach. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Wars-zawskiego.
Leitner, W. 1989. Zum Stand der Spàtpalàolithikumund Mesolithikum-Forschung in Osterreich, in Lippert, A. & Spindler, K. (ed.), Frühes Leben in den Alpen: 21–6. Innsbruck: Universitat.
Lunz, R. 1986. Vor- und frühgeschichte Südtirol. Band 1 Steinzeit. Bozen.
Mania, D. & Toepfer, V. 1973. Künigsaue. Berlin: Veröffentlichungen des Landesmuseums für Vorgeschichte in Halle. Band 26.
Oliva, M. 1987. Aurignacien na Moravĕ. Kromĕříí: Studie Muzea Kromĕřííska ’87.
Oliva, M 1989. Paleolit, in Belcredi, L. et al., Archeoiogické lokality a nálezy okresu Brno-venkov: 832. Brno: Okresní muzeum Brno-venkov.
Oliva, M. & Dolezel, J. 1985. Nové paleoliticé énálezy na Tišnovsku, Přehled výzkumu 1983: 1719.
Oliva, M. & Strof, A. 1985. Přehled paleolitického osídlení Lysické sníženiny a blízkého okolí, okr. Blansko, Pfehled vyzkumu 1983: 1017.
Otte, M. 1981. Le Gravettien en Europe Centrale 1–2. Bruges: de Tempel. Dissertationes Archaeologi-cae Gandenses 20.
Sachse-Kozlowska, E. 1978. Polish Aurignacian assemblages. Kraków: Ossolineum. Folia Quaternaria 50.
Schönweiss, W. & Werner, H.J. 1986. Ein Fundplatz des Szeletien in Zeitlarn bei Regensburg, Archäo-Jogisches Korrespondenzblatt 16: 712.
Valoch, K. 1960. Magdalénien na Morave. Brno: Anthropos - Moravské museum.
Valoch, K. 1978. Nové poznatky o paleolitu v Československu, Sborník prací Filosofické fakulty brněnské university E 22–23: 725.
Valoch, K. 1980. La fin des temps glaciaires en Moravie (Tchécoslovaquie), L’Anthropologie 84: 380–90, 673–4.
Valoch, K. 1987. Les questions du Pavlovien, Antiquités Nationales 18/19 (1986/87): 5562.
Valoch, K. 1988. Die Erforschung der Kulna-Höhle 1961–1976. Brno: Moravské muzeum Anthropos Institut.
Vencl, S. 1977. Aurignacké osídlení v Hradsku, okr. Mélnik, Archeoiogické rozhledy 29: 344. 115–17.
Vencl, S. 1987. The Late Palaeolithic in Bohemia, in Burdukiewicz, J.M. & Kobusiewicz, M. (ed.). Late Glacial in Central Europe: 121–9. Wroclaw: Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk.
Vencl, S. 1990. K otázkám casoprostorovych rozdílú v inten-zité paleolitickych a mezolitickych osídlení ve stfední Evropé, Památkv archeoiogické 81: 448–57.
In press. Bemerkungen zum Magdalénien in Böhmen, Anthropologie (Brno).
Weniger, G.-C. 1982. Wildbeuter und ihre Umivelt. Tübingen: Verlag Archaeologica Venatoria.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed