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The opium poppy in Europe: exploring its origin and dispersal during the Neolithic

  • Aurélie Salavert (a1), Lucie Martin (a2), Ferran Antolín (a3) and Antoine Zazzo (a1)
Abstract

A new project aims to define the origins and dispersal patterns of the opium poppy in Neolithic Western Europe through a comprehensive programme of radiocarbon dating.

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Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence (Email: salavert@mnhn.fr)
References
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Antolín, F., Jacomet, S. & Buxó, R.. 2015. The hard knock life. Archaeobotanical data on farming practices during the Neolithic (5400–2300 cal BC) in the NE of the Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Archaeological Science 61: 90104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2015.05.007
Bakels, C.C. 1996. Fruits and seeds from the Linearbandkeramik settlement at Meindling, Germany, with special reference to Papaver somniferum . Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia 25: 5568.
Hammer, K. & Fritsch, R. . 1979. Zur Frage nach der Ursprungsart des Kulturmohns (Papaver somniferum L.). Kulturpflanze XXV: 113124. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02014808
Kritikos, P.G. & Papadaki, S.P.. 1967. The history of the poppy and of opium and their expansion in antiquity in the Eastern Mediterranean area. Bulletin of Narcotics 19: 1738.
Martin, L. 2015. Plant economy and territory exploitation in the Alps during the Neolithic (5000–4200 cal BC): first results of archaeobotanical studies in the Valais (Switzerland). Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 24: 6373. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-014-0490-y
Salavert, A. 2010. Le pavot (Papaver somniferum) à la fin du 6e millénaire av. J.-C. en Europe occidentale. Anthropobotanica 1: 316.
Salavert, A. 2011. Plant economy of the first farmers of central Belgium (Linearbandkeramik, 5200–5000 BC). Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 20: 321332. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-011-0297-z
Salavert, A. 2017. Agricultural dispersals in Mediterranean and temperate Europe. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199389414.013.307
Schultze-Motel, J. 1979. The prehistoric remains of the opium poppy (P. somniferum) and the theory of the species. Kulturplanze 27: 207216. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02014651
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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