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The potential of airborne lidar for detection of archaeological features under woodland canopies

  • B.J. Devereux (a1), G.S. Amable (a2), P. Crow (a3) and A.D. Cliff (a4)

The development of lidar opens a new era in archaeological survey. Working with Forest Research, staff of the Unit for Landscape Modelling here explain the technique, and demonstrate its application to woodland, showing how it can be used to see through the trees. The article by Bewley et al. (pages 636-647 of this volume) shows the technique applied to the Stonehenge landscape.

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Amable, G., Devereux, B., Cockerell, T. & Renshaw, G.. 2004. Analysis of the interaction patterns between vegetation canopies and small footprint, high density airborne lidar. Proceedings of the 20th International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Congress, Istanbul, July 2004.
Bewley, R. 2003. Aerial survey for archaeology. Photogrammetric Record 18(104): 273–92.
Burnside, C. 1985. Mapping from aerial photographs. London: Collins.
Crawford, O.G.S. & Keiller, A.. 1928. Wessex from the air. Oxford: Clarendon.
Crow, P. 2003. The potential applications of remote sensing as methods of prospecting for archaeological sites under woodland. Unpublished Forest Research report.
Crow, P. 2004. Forest Research Lidar Field Visit. Unpublished Forest Research Survey Report.
Devereux, B.J., Amable, G.S. & Cockerell, T.. 2004. Modelling the 3D structure of woodland canopies using a small footprint airborne laser scanner. Proceedings of the RSPOC annual conference, Aberdeen 8–11 Sept.
Hopkinson, C., Lim, K., Chasmer, L., Treitz, P., Creed, I. & Gynan, C.. 2004. Wetland grass to plantation forest – estimating vegetation height from the standard deviation of lidar frequency distributions. International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences XXXVI8/W2: 288–94.
Hoyle, J.P. 2003. Welshbury Wood, Blaisdon, Gloucestershire: a report on a rapid walk-over survey. Gloucestershire County Council Archaeological Service. Draft report for the Forestry Commission.
Mead, P. 1983. The eye in the air. London: HMSO.
Mcomish, D.S. & Smith, N.A.. 1996. Welshbury Hillfort: a new survey by the Royal Commission on the historical monuments of England. Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucester Archaeological Society 114: 5564.
Raber, G., Jensen, J., Schill, S. & Schuckman, K.. 2002. Creation of digital terrain models using an adaptive lidar vegetation point removal process. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 68(12): 130715.
SAM 31186 2004. Gloucestershire county council sites and monuments record 2004. Summary Report for Area 5161 (printout dated 10.19.04).
Sithole, G. & Vosselman, G.. 2004. Experimental comparison of filter algorithms for bare-earth extraction from airborne laser scanning point clouds. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 59(1–2): 85101.
St Joseph, J.K. 1977. The uses of air photography, 2nd edition. London: Baker.
Wilson, D.R. 2000. Air photo interpretation for archaeologists. Stroud: Tempus.
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  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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