Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

Recent radiocarbon results and King Solomon

  • Israel Finkelstein (a1) and Eli Piasetzky (a2)
Extract

Radiocarbon dating and stratigraphy here offer a new chronological structure for the Iron Age in the Levant. The credit for the construction of massive public monuments in the northern part of Israel is here wrested from David and Solomon and attributed to the later Omride dynasty. The early Israelite monarchs actually ruled over a small kingdom in the highlands around Jerusalem rather than a great empire.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Altken, M. J. 1990. Science-based Dating in Archaeology. London: Longman.
Ben-Tor, A. 2000. Hazor and the Chronology of Northern Israel: A Reply to Israel Finkelstein, I. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 317: 915.
Biran, A. & Naveh, J. 1995. The Tel Dan Inscription: A New Fragment. Israel Exploration Journal 45: 118.
Cogan, M. 1992. Chronology. Anchor Bible Dictionary 1: 10021011.
Dever, W. G. 1990. Recent Archaeological Discoveries and Biblical Research. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Dever, W. G. 1997. Archaeology and the “Age of Solomon”: A Case Study in Archaeology and Historiography: 217–251, in Handy, L. K. (ed.). The Age of Solomon, Scholarship at the Turn of the Millennium. Leiden: Brill.
Dothan, M. & Portath, Y.. 1982. Ashdod IV: Excavations of Area M (Atiqot 15). Jerusalem: Department of Antiquities and Museums.
Fantalkin, A. 2001. Low Chronology and Greek Protogeometric and Geometric Pottery in the Southern Levant. Levant 33: 117125. Finkelstein, I. 1996. The Archaeology of the United Monarchy: An Alternative View. Levant 28: 177187.
Fantalkin, A. 1999. State Formation in Israel and Judah: A Contrast in Context, A Contrast in Trajectory. Near Eastern Archaeology 62(1): 3562.
Fantalkin, A. 2001. The Rise of Jerusalem and Judah: The Missing Link. Levant 33: 105115.
Finkelstein, I. & Beit-Arieh, I.. 1999. Area E: 67–87 in, Beit-Arieh, I. (ed.). Tel ‘Ira: A Stronghold in the Biblical Negev. Tel Aviv: Institute of Archaeology.
Finkelstein, I. & Silberman, N. A.. 2001. The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology’s New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of its Sacred Texts. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Franklin, N. 2001. Masons’ Marks from the ninth century BCE Northern Kingdom of Israel: Evidence of the Nascent Carian Alphabet? Kadmos 40: 107116.
Gilboa, A. & Sharon, I.. 2001. Early Iron Age Radiometric Dates from Tel Dor: Preliminary Implications for Phoenicia and Beyond. Radiocarbon 43: 13431351.
Knauf, E. A. 1991. King Solomons Copper Supply: 167–186, in Lipinski, E. (ed.). Phoenicia and the Bible. Leuven: Peeters.
Knauf, E. A. 2000. The “Low Chronology” and How Not to Deal with It. Biblische Notizen 101: 5663.
Kochavi, M. 1998. The Eleventh Century BCE Tripartite Pillar Building at Tel Hadar: 468–478 in Gitin, S., Mazar, A. and Stern, E. (eds.). Mediterranean Peoples in Transition. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society.
Kutschera, W.R. A. Golser, A. Priller & Strohmaier, B.. 1999. Proceeding of the Eighth International Conference on Accelerator Mass Spectometry. NIM B172.
Mazar, A. 1990. Archaeology of the Land of the Bible 10,000–586 B.C.E. New York: Doubleday.
Mazar, A. 1997. Iron Age Chronology—A Reply to Israel Finkelstein. Levant 29: 155165.
Mazar, A. 1999. The 1997–1998 Excavations at Tel Rehov: Preliminary Report. Israel Exploration Journal 49: 2023.
Mazar, A. & Carmi, I.. 2001. Radiocarbon Dates from Iron Age Strata at Tel Beth Shean and Tel Rehov. Radiocarbon 43: 13331342.
Miller, M. J. 1997. Separating the Solomon of History from the Solomon of Legend: 1–24, in Handy, L. K. (ed.). The Age of Solomon, Scholarship at the Turn of the Millennium. Leiden: Brill.
Na’aman, N. 1997. Historical and Literary Notes on the Excavations of Tel Jezreel. Tel Aviv 24: 122128.
Niemann, H. M. 1997. The Socio-Political Shadow Cast by the Biblical Solomon: 252–299, in Handy, L. K. (ed.). The Age of Solomon, Scholarship at the Turn of the Millennium. Leiden: Brill.
Niemann, H. M. 2000. Megiddo and Solomon—A Biblical Investigation in Relation to Archaeology. Tel Aviv 27: 5972.
Reimer, P. J. 2001. A New Twist in the Radiocarbon Tale. Science 294: 24922495.
Sharon, I. 2001. ‘Transition Dating’—A Heuristic Mathematical Approach to the Collation of Radiocarbon Dates from Stratified Sequences. Radiocarbon 43: 345354.
Stern, E. 2000. Dor—Rulers of the Seas. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society.
Steiner, M. L. 2001. Excavations by Kathleen M. Kenyon in Jerusalem 1961–1967, Volume III: The Settlement in the Bronze and Iron Ages. London: Sheffield Academic Press
Stuiver, M. P.J. Reimer, E. Bard, Beck, J. W., Burr, G. S., Hughen, K. A., Kromer, B., McCormac, F. G., Plicht, J. v. d. & Spurk, M.. 1998. INTCAL 98 Radiocarbon Age Calibration, 24,000–0 Cal BP Radiocarbon 40: 10411083.
Timm, S. 1982. Die Dynastie Omri. GÖttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
Ussishkin, D. 1980. Was the “Solomonic” City Gate at Megiddo Built by King Solomon? Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 239: 118.
Ussishkin, D. 1982. The Conquest of Lachish by Sennacherib. Tel Aviv: Institute of Archaeology.
Ussishkin, D. & Woodhead, J.. 1994. Excavations at Tel Jezreel 1992–1993: Second Preliminary Report. Levant 26: 171.
Ussishkin, D. & Woodhead, J.. 1997. Excavations at Tel Jezreel 1994–1996: Third Preliminary Report. Tel Aviv 24: 672.
Van Seters, J. 1983. In Search of History: Historiography in the Ancient World and The Origins of Biblical History. New Haven: Yale University.
Weinstein, J. M. 1981. The Egyptian Empire in Palestine: A Reassessment. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 241: 128.
Yadin, Y. 1970. Megiddo of the Kings of Israel. Biblical Archaeologist 33: 6696.
Zimhoni, O. 1992. The Iron Age Pottery from Tel Jezreel—An Interim Report. Tel Aviv 19: 5770.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed