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Rethinking Ingombe Ilede and its hinterland

  • Kathryn M. de Luna (a1)

The late fifteenth- to early seventeenth-century dates reported by Susan McIntosh and Brian Fagan (above) for the richest burials at Ingombe Ilede challenge well-known narratives concerning trade and politics in greater Zambezia. For example, as the authors indicate, Ingombe Ilede now seems more an outcome of the destabilised politics of Great Zimbabwe than a cause of its demise. The role that the inhabitants of Ingombe Ilede played in the shifting competitions and alliances that characterised political and economic life in sixteenth-century Zambezia must now be addressed.

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Bisson, M. 1976. The prehistoric copper mines of Zambia. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of California.
de Luna, K.M. 2016. Collecting food, cultivating people: subsistence and society in Central Africa. New Haven (CT): Yale University Press.
Fagan, B.M. 1967. Iron Age cultures in Zambia, volume I: Kalomo and Kangila. London: Chatto & Windus.
Fagan, B.M., Phillipson, D.W. & Daniels, S.. 1969. Iron Age cultures in Zambia, volume II: Dambwa, Ingombe Ilede, and the Tonga. London: Chatto & Windus.
Sutherland-Harris, N. 1970. Zambian trade with Zumbo in the eighteenth century, in Gray, R. & Birmingham, D. (ed.) Pre-colonial African trade: 231–42. London: Oxford University Press.
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  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
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