Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Rows with the neighbours: the short lives of longhouses at the Neolithic site of Versend-Gilencsa

  • János Jakucs (a1), Krisztián Oross (a1), Eszter Bánffy (a1) (a2), Vanda Voicsek (a3), Elaine Dunbar (a4), Paula Reimer (a5), Alex Bayliss (a6) (a7), Peter Marshall (a6) and Alasdair Whittle (a8)...
Abstract

Longhouses are a key feature of Neolithic Linearbandkeramik (LBK) settlements in Central Europe, but debate persists concerning their usage, longevity and social significance. Excavations at Versend-Gilencsa in south-west Hungary (c. 5200 cal BC) revealed clear rows of longhouses. New radiocarbon dates suggest that these houses experienced short lifespans. This paper produces a model for the chronology of Versend, and it considers the implications of the new date estimates for a fuller understanding of the layout and duration of LBK longhouse settlements.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence (Email: whittle@cardiff.ac.uk)
References
Hide All
Amit, V. 2002. Reconceptualizing community, in Amit, V. (ed.) Realizing community: concepts, social relationships and sentiments: 120. London: Routledge.
Bánffy, E. 2013. Tracing the beginning of sedentary life in the Carpathian basin, in Hofmann, D. & Smyth, J. (ed.) Tracking the Neolithic house in Europe: sedentism, architecture, and practice: 117–49. New York: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5289-8_6
Bánffy, E., Marton, T. & Osztás, A.. 2010. Early Neolithic settlement and burials at Alsónyék-Bátaszék, in Kozłowski, J.K. & Raczky, P. (ed.) Neolithization of the Carpathian Basin: northernmost distribution of the Starčevo/Körös culture: 3751. Kraków & Budapest: Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences, & Institute of Archaeological Sciences of the Eötvös Loránd University.
Bayliss, A., Beavan, N., Hamilton, D., Köhler, K., Nyerges, É.Á., Bronk Ramsey, C., Dunbar, E., Fecher, M., Goslar, T., Kromer, B., Reimer, P., Bánffy, E., Marton, T., Oross, K., Osztás, A., Zalai-Gaál, I. & Whittle, A.. 2016. Peopling the past: creating a site biography in the Hungarian Neolithic. Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission 94: 2391.
Birch, J. 2013. Between villages and cities: settlement aggregation in cross-cultural perspective, in Birch, J. (ed.) From prehistoric villages to cities: settlement aggregation and community transformation: 122. New York: Routledge.
Bloch, M. 1995. The resurrection of the house amongst the Zafamaniry of Madagascar, in Carsten, J. & Hugh-Jones, S. (ed.) About the house: Lévi-Strauss and beyond: 6983. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boelicke, U., von Brandt, D., Lüning, J., Stehli, P. & Zimmermann, A.. 1988. Der bandkeramische Siedlungsplatz Langweiler 8. Gemeinde Aldenhoven, Kreis Düren. Köln: Rheinland-Verlag GmbH.
Bogaard, A., Krause, R. & Strien, H.-C.. 2011. Towards a social geography of cultivation and plant use in an early farming community: Vaihingen an der Enz, south-west Germany. Antiquity 85: 395416. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003598X00067831
Bronk Ramsey, C. 1995. Radiocarbon calibration and analysis of stratigraphy. Radiocarbon 36: 425–30. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200030903
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2009a. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51: 337–60. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200033865
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2009b. Dealing with outliers and offsets in radiocarbon dating. Radiocarbon 51: 1023–45. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200034093
Bronk Ramsey, C. & Lee, S.. 2013. Recent and planned developments of the program OxCal. Radiocarbon 55: 720–30. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200057878
Buck, C.E., Litton, C.D. & Smith, A.F.M.. 1992. Calibration of radiocarbon results pertaining to related archaeological events. Journal of Archaeological Science 19: 497512. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4403(92)90025-X
Buck, C.E., Cavanagh, W.G. & Litton, C.D.. 1996. Bayesian approach to interpreting archaeological data. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Canuto, M.-A. & Yaeger, J. (ed.). 2000. The archaeology of communities: a New World perspective. London: Routledge.
Christen, J.A. 1994. Summarizing a set of radiocarbon determinations: a robust approach. Applied Statistics 43: 489503. https://doi.org/10.2307/2986273
Cohen, A.P. 1985. The symbolic construction of community. Chichester: Ellis Horwood. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203323373
Coudart, A. 1998. Architecture et société néolithique. L'unité et la variance de la maison danubienne. Paris: Maison des Sciences de l'Homme.
Czerniak, L. 2016. House and household in the LBK, in Amkreutz, L., Haack, F., Hofmann, D. & van Wijk, I. (ed.) Something out of the ordinary: interpreting diversity in the Early Neolithic Linearbandkeramik and beyond: 3364. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Draşovean, F., Schier, W., Bayliss, A., Gaydarska, B. & Whittle, A.. 2017. The lives of houses: duration, context and history at Neolithic Uivar. European Journal of Archaeology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/eaa.2017.37
Hachem, L. 2011. Le site néolithique de Cuiry-lès-Chaudardes, 1. De l'analyse de la faune à la structuration sociale. Rahden: Marie Leidorf.
Hofmann, D., Ebersbach, R., Doppler, T. & Whittle, A.. 2016. The life and times of the house: multi-scalar perspectives on settlement from the Neolithic of the northern Alpine foreland. European Journal of Archaeology 19: 596630. https://doi.org/10.1080/14619571.2016.1147317
Jakucs, J., Bánffy, E., Oross, K., Voicsek, V., Bronk Ramsey, C., Dunbar, E., Kromer, B., Bayliss, A., Hofmann, D., Marshall, P. & Whittle, A.. 2016. Between the Vinča and Linearbandkeramik worlds: the diversity of practices and identities in the 54th–53rd centuries cal BC in south-west Hungary and beyond. Journal of World Prehistory 29: 267336. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10963-016-9096-x
Lenneis, E. 2012. Zur Anwendbarkeit des rheinischen Hofplatzmodells im östlichen Mitteleuropa, in Kreienbrink, F., Cladders, M., Stäuble, H., Tischendorf, T. & Wolfram, S. (ed.) Siedlungsstruktur und Kulturwandel in der Bandkeramik: 4752. Dresden: Landesamt für Archäologie, Freistaat Sachsen.
Marković, Z. 2012. Novija razmatranja o nekim aspektima sopotske kulture u sjevernoj Hrvatskoj—Neuere Betrachtungen über bestimmte Aspekte der Sopot-Kultur in Nordkroatien. Priloži Instituta za Arheologija u Zagrebu 29: 5770.
Marton, T. & Oross, K. 2012. Siedlungsforschung in linienbandkeramischen Fundorten in Zentral- und Südtransdanubien—Wiege, Peripherie oder beides?, in Kreienbrink, F., Cladders, M., Stäuble, H., Tischendorf, T. & Wolfram, S. (ed.) Siedlungsstruktur und Kulturwandel in der Bandkeramik: 220–39. Dresden: Landesamt für Archäologie, Freistaat Sachsen.
Modderman, P.J.R. 1970. Linearbandkeramik aus Elsloo und Stein.‘s-Gravenhage: Rijksdienst voor het Oudheidkundig Bodemonderzoek te Amersfoort.
Oross, K. 2013. Balatonszárszó–Kis-erdei-dűlő lelőhely középső neolit településszerkezete és közép-európai párhuzamai [The Middle Neolithic settlement structure of the site at Balatonszárszó-Kis-erdei-dűlő in a Central European context]. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Eötvös Loránd University.
Reimer, P.J., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, J.W., Blackwell, P.G., Bronk Ramsey, C., Buck, C.E., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Friedrich, M., Grootes, P.M., Guilderson, T.P., Haflidason, H., Hajdas, I., Hatté, C., Heaton, T.J., Hoffmann, D.L., Hogg, A.G., Hughen, K.A., Kaiser, K.F., Kromer, B., Manning, S.W., Niu, M., Reimer, R.W., Richards, D.A., Scott, E.M., Southon, J.R., Staff, R.A., Turney, C.S.M. & van der Plicht, J.. 2013. IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55: 1869–87. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16947
Rück, O. 2009. New aspects and models for Bandkeramik settlement research, in Hofmann, D. & Bickle, P. (ed.) Creating communities: new advances in central European Neolithic research: 159–85. Oxford: Oxbow.
Rück, O. 2012. Vom Hofplatz zur Häuserzeile. Das bandkeramische Dorf—Zeilenstrukturen und befundfreie Bereiche offenbaren ein neues Bild der Siedlungsstrukturen, in Kreienbrink, F., Cladders, M., Stäuble, H., Tischendorf, T. & Wolfram, S. (ed.) Siedlungsstruktur und Kulturwandel in der Bandkeramik: 2042. Dresden: Landesamt für Archäologie, Freistaat Sachsen.
Schmidt, B., Gruhle, W., Rück, O. & Freckmann, K.. 2005. Zur Dauerhaftigkeit bandkeramischer Häuser im Rheinland (5300–4950 v. Chr.)—eine Interpretation dendrochronologischer und bauhistorischer Befunde, in Gronenborn, D. (ed.) Klimaveränderung und Kulturwandel in neolithischen Gesellschaften Mitteleuropas, 6700–2200 v. Chr.: 151–70. Mainz: Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum.
Stäuble, H. 1997. Häuser, Gruben und Fundverteilung, in Lüning, J. (ed.) Ein Siedlungsplatz der Ältesten Bandkeramik in Bruchenbrücken, Stadt Friedberg/Hessen: 17150. Bonn: Habelt.
Stäuble, H. 2005. Häuser und absolute Datierung der Ältesten Bandkeramik. Bonn: Habelt.
Tasić, N., Marić, M., Penezić, K., Filipović, D., Borojević, K., Borić, D., Reimer, P., Russell, N., Bayliss, A., Barclay, A., Gaydarska, B. & Whittle, A.. 2015. The end of the affair: formal chronological modelling for the top of the Neolithic tell of Vinča-Belo Brdo. Antiquity 89: 1064–82. https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2015.101
Tasić, N., Marić, M., Filipović, D., Penezić, K., Dunbar, E., Reimer, P., Barclay, A., Bayliss, A., Gaydarska, B. & Whittle, A.. 2016. Interwoven strands for refining the chronology of the Neolithic tell of Vinča-Belo Brdo, Serbia. Radiocarbon 58: 795831. https://doi.org/10.1017/RDC.2016.56
Težak-Gregl, T. 1993. Kultúra linernotrakaste keramike u sredisnjoj Hrvatskoj. Korenovska kultúra (Dissertationes et Monographia 2) [The Linear pottery culture in central Croatia. The Korenovo culture]. Zagreb: Arhelološki Zavod Filozofskog Fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.
Ward, G.K. & Wilson, S.R. 1978. Procedures for comparing and combining radiocarbon age determinations: a critique. Archaeometry 20: 1931. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.1978.tb00208.x
Whittle, A. 1997. Moving on and moving around: modelling Neolithic settlement mobility, in Topping, P. (ed.) Neolithic landscapes: 1522. Oxford: Oxbow.
Whittle, A., Bayliss, A., Barclay, A., Gaydarska, B., Bánffy, E., Borić, D., Draşovean, F., Jakucs, J., Marić, M., Orton, D., Tasić, N., Schier, W. & Vander Linden, M.. 2016. A Vinča potscape: formal chronological models for Neolithic cultural development in south-east Europe. Documenta Praehistorica 43: 160. https://doi.org/10.4312/dp.43.1
Wilshusen, R.H. & Potter, J.M.. 2010. The emergence of villages in the American Southwest: cultural issues and historical perspectives, in Bandy, M.S. & Fox, J.R. (ed.) Becoming villagers: comparing early village societies: 165–83. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
Zimmermann, A. 2012. Das Hofplatzmodell—Entwicklung, Probleme, Perspektiven, in Kreienbrink, F., Cladders, M., Stäuble, H., Tischendorf, T. & Wolfram, S. (ed.) Siedlungsstruktur und Kulturwandel in der Bandkeramik: 1119. Dresden: Landesamt für Archäologie, Freistaat Sachsen.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Jakucs et al. supplementary material
Jakucs et al. supplementary material 1

 PDF (268 KB)
268 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 29
Total number of PDF views: 133 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 546 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 9th February 2018 - 16th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.