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The Sword-bearers

  • Estyn Evans
Extract

Eight years ago, in an article entitled ‘A prehistoric invasion of England’, Mr O. G. S. Crawford put forward the hypothesis that ‘towards the close of the Bronze Age the British Isles were invaded by the first wave of Celtic-speaking peoples bringing with them leaf-shaped bronze swords, many other entirely new types of bronze objects, and at least two types of pottery new to these islands’. It may perhaps be said that this view, with certain qualifications, notably as regards chronology, has met with general acceptance. A comparative study of types of bronze implements over a wide geographical field, while yielding corroborative evidence in support of the invasion theory, has also raised important problems in other directions; and it is my present object to give the results of an enquiry into the origins and distributions of certain type-specimens of the late Bronze Age cultures of western Europe.

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References
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1 Crawford, O.G.S.Antiquaries Journal,1922,2,2735.
2 Breuil, L’AbbéL’àge du bronze dans le bassin de Paris,L’Anthropologie,1114.
3 Kraft, GeorgDie Stellung der Schweiz innerhalb der bronzezeitlichen Kultur– gruppen Mitteleuropas.Anzeiger f. Schweiz. Altertumskunde,1927(29),1928 (xxx). (Reviewed in ANTIQUITY, March 1929, II,113116).
4 Brewis, W.P.The Bronze Sword in Great Britain,Archaeologia,73,253265.
5 Peake, H.J.E.The Bronze Age and the Celtic World.London,1922.
6 Reports of the Association franfaise pour l’avancement des Sciences.Bordeaux,1923. See alsoANTIQUITY 1,106–7 (references given).
7 Bosch–Gimpera, P.—Article‘Pyrenäen Halbinsel’ in Ebert’s Reallexikon.
8 Kraft, GeorgThe Origin of the Kelts.ANTIQUITY, March1929,2,3344.
9 Peake, H.J.E.Op. cit.
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11 Childe, V.G.The Lausitz Culture.ANTIQUITY,March1928,2,3742.
12 SirEvans, JohnAncient Bronze Implements.London,1881. (See also Crawford, no.1).
13 Déchelette, J.Manuel d’Archeologie,2(part 2).Paris,1913.
14 Coutil, L.— Reports of theAssociation franfaise pour l’avancement des Sciences.Le Havre,1914.
15 Kraft, GeorgOp. cit. (no. 8).
16 SirRhys, J.The Celts and other Aryans of the P and Q groups.Trans. Philological Soc.1891.
17 Déchelette, J.Manuel,2(part 1).Paris,1924.
18 Fox, Cyril— In Antiquaries Journal,1927,6,126, also Archaeologia Cambrensis, 1926, p. 28.
19 Prehistoric and Roman Settlements on Park Brow. Archaeologia,1927,76, 1928140.
20 Smith, Reginald A. Pre–Roman remains at Scarborough.Archaeologia,1928,77,179300.
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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