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Viking warrior women? Reassessing Birka chamber grave Bj.581

  • Neil Price (a1), Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson (a1), Torun Zachrisson (a2), Anna Kjellström (a3), Jan Storå (a3), Maja Krzewińska (a3), Torsten Günther (a4), Verónica Sobrado (a3), Mattias Jakobsson (a5) and Anders Götherström (a3)...
Abstract

The warrior woman has long been part of the Viking image, with a pedigree that extends from the Valkyries of Old Norse prose and poetry to modern media entertainment. Until recently, however, actual Viking Age evidence for such individuals has been sparse. This article addresses research showing that the individual buried at Birka in an ‘archetypal’ high-status warrior grave—always assumed to be male since its excavation in 1878—is, in fact, biologically female. Publication, in 2017, of the genomic data led to unprecedented public debate about this individual. Here, the authors address in detail the interpretation of the burial, discussing source-critical issues and parallels.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence (Email: neil.price@arkeologi.uu.se)
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