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Astronomy and Astrology in the Works of Abraham ibn Ezra*

  • Bernard R. Goldstein (a1)

Abraham ibn Ezra the Spaniard (d. 1167) was one of the foremost transmitters of Arabic science to the West. His astrological and astronomical works, written in Hebrew and later translated into Latin, were considered authoritative by many medieval Jewish and Christian scholars. Some of the works he translated from Arabic are no longer extant in their original form, and on occasion his treatises provide information about earlier sources that is otherwise poorly preserved, if at all. Ibn Ezra seems to be the earliest scholar to record one of the seven methods for setting up the astrological houses, and this method was subsequently used by Levi ben Gerson (d. 1344) in southern France.

Abraham ibn Ezra d'Espagne (m. 1167) fut l'un des plus importants savants ayant contribué à la transmission de la science arabe à l'Occident. Ses ouvrages en astrologie et en astronomie, rédigés en hébreu puis traduits en latin, étaient considéréd comme faisant autorité par de nombreux savants juifs et Chrétiens. Parmi les ouvrages qu'il a traduits de l'arabe en hébreu, certains sont perdus dans leur langue originale et ses propres ouvrages renferment certaines informations concernant des sources anciennes mal ou pas du tout connues par ailleurs. Ibn Ezra semble être le premier a avoir consigne l'une des sept méthodes pour dresser les maisons astrologiques. Cette méthode avait par la suite été utilisée par Lévi ben Gershom (m. 1344) dans le Midi de la France.

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B. R. Goldstein , “The Hebrew astronomical tradition: New sources,” Isis, 72 (1981): 237–51, esp. p. 250.

E. S. Kennedy and W. Ukashah , “Al-Khwārizmī's planetary latitude tables,” Centaurus, 14 (1969): 8696.

D. Pingree , “The fragments of the works of Ya‛qūb ibn Ṭāriq,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 27 (1969): 97125, esp. p. 98

id., “The fragments of the works of al-Fazārī,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 29 (1970): 103–23.

cf. D. Pingree , “The Indian and Pseudo-Indian passages in Greek and Latin astronomical and astrological texts,” Viator, 7 (1976): 141–95, esp. p. 150.

G. J. Toomer , “The solar theory of az-Zarqāl: A history of errors,” Centaurus, 14 (1969): 306–36.

J.-P. Boudet , “Simon de Phares et les rapports entre astrologie et prophétie à la fin du moyen âge,” Mélanges de l'École Française de Rome, 102 (1990): 617–48.

B. R. Goldstein , “Star lists in Hebrew,” Centaurus, 28 (1985): 185208, esp. pp. 196–7.

K. Fischer , P. Kunitzsch , and Y. T. Langermann , “The Hebrew astronomical Codex MS. Sassoon 823,” Jewish Quarterly Review, 78 (1988): 253–92

B. R. Goldstein , “The Hebrew astrolabe in the Adler Planetarium,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 35 (1976): 251–60

B. R. Goldstein and G. Saliba , “A Hispano-Arabic astrolabe with Hebrew star names,” Annali dell'Istituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza di Firenze, 8 (1983): 1929

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Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
  • ISSN: 0957-4239
  • EISSN: 1474-0524
  • URL: /core/journals/arabic-sciences-and-philosophy
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